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Legal Issues and Services

    Results: 53

  • Adoption Legal Services (2)
    FT-3000.0300

    Adoption Legal Services

    FT-3000.0300

    Programs that provide assistance for people who want to independently adopt a child, legally relinquish a child for adoption or initiate or respond to litigation which involves the placement or removal of a child.
  • Adult Protective Intervention/Investigation (2)
    PH-6500.0500-050

    Adult Protective Intervention/Investigation

    PH-6500.0500-050

    Programs that investigate and intervene on behalf of adults who are unable to act on their own behalf, manage their own affairs, or who are in immediate danger due to physical or emotional abuse, unsafe or hazardous living conditions, exploitation, neglect or abandonment. Services may include removal of the individual to safer surroundings, authorization for medical treatment and other available services necessary to remove the conditions which have created a threat to life. Included are programs that receive reports of and investigate elder abuse involving noninstitutionalized adults.
  • Arbitration (6)
    FP-0700.1000

    Arbitration

    FP-0700.1000

    Programs that provide an impartial third person who is selected by the parties to a dispute or appointed by an outside body, who presides over a hearing at which both parties have an opportunity to be heard, and who issues an award that both parties have agreed in advance to accept as final. Included are compulsory arbitration in which the consent of one of the parties is enforced by statutory provisions, voluntary arbitration which involves mutual and free consent by both parties, interest arbitration in which the terms of a contract are settled, and grievance arbitration which concerns the violation or interpretation of an existing contract.
  • Bankruptcy Assistance (7)
    DM-1800.1000

    Bankruptcy Assistance

    DM-1800.1000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are unable to pay their creditors and need to declare bankruptcy. Included may be help in evaluating a personal or business bankruptcy as an option, assistance in completing and filing bankruptcy forms and/or representation in bankruptcy hearings.
  • Benefits Assistance (14)
    FT-1000

    Benefits Assistance

    FT-1000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining grants, payments, services or other benefits to which they are entitled by law. The programs may help people understand the eligibility criteria for benefits, the benefits provided by the program, the payment process and the rights of beneficiaries; provide consultation and advice; help them complete benefits application forms; negotiate on their behalf with benefits administration staff; and/or represent them in administrative processes or judicial litigation. Included are benefits counseling organizations that offer a range of advocacy services and legal aid programs that offer more formalized legal assistance.
  • Child Support Wage Assignment Assistance (4)
    FT-9200.1500

    Child Support Wage Assignment Assistance

    FT-9200.1500

    Programs that provide legal assistance for people who want to petition the court to transfer the right to collect wages earned by their ex-spouses to themselves in cases where the ex-spouse is under court order to pay child support and fails to pay as required. Under this arrangement, the amount of the child support check is taken from the delinquent parent's paycheck and sent directly to the parent who has custody of the child.
  • Civilian Crime Patrols (10)
    FN-1500.1550-150

    Civilian Crime Patrols

    FN-1500.1550-150

    Programs that provide assistance for neighborhood or business groups that want to organize and operate citizen patrols to discourage criminal activity in residential or business districts.
  • Conservatorship Assistance (2)
    FT-6900.1500

    Conservatorship Assistance

    FT-6900.1500

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are in favor of or want to oppose the appointment of a conservator to protect adults from physical danger and improper treatment and/or to protect their estate from exploitation or waste when they are incapable of managing their own affairs or are competent but infirm. Conservatorships differ widely among jurisdictions. In some states, conservatorships are voluntary arrangements in which a physically infirm but competent individual petitions the court to appoint the conservator of choice to manage whatever powers and property the conservatee chooses to include in the arrangement. In these jurisdictions, guardianships apply to adults who are found to be incompetent. In other states, conservatorships apply only to an individual's property while guardianships address responsibility for the person. States having no conservatorship arrangements generally have guardianship provisions which address the needs of adults who have been found by the courts to be incapable of managing their own affairs.
  • Consumer Fraud Reporting (4)
    FN-1700.1470

    Consumer Fraud Reporting

    FN-1700.1470

    Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that consumers can use to report the activities of telephone and Internet scammers and other con artists who attempt to persuade older adults, individuals who live alone, disaster victims and other vulnerable people to part with their savings. Common scams include fraudulent prize offers, "free" travel packages that have hidden costs or which never materialize, "get rich quick" investments that turn out to be worthless, tax debt/refund scams, phony charities with names that are similar to well-known organizations and schemes involving promises to recover an individual's money following their victimization by another scam. Reports may be filed by consumer fraud victims or by people who have information about individuals they know to be perpetrating these types of scams.
  • Crime Victim Compensation (8)
    FN-1900.1500

    Crime Victim Compensation

    FN-1900.1500

    Programs that provide financial compensation for people who have suffered monetary losses as a direct result of some form of violent crime. Compensation is generally available to meet unreimbursed medical and hospital expenses, loss of wages or support, expenses encumbered by participation in job-related rehabilitation or retraining programs, and legal fees; or may be unrestricted in terms of purpose. Also included are programs that help people apply for these services.
  • Crime Victim Support (11)
    FN-1900

    Crime Victim Support

    FN-1900

    Programs whose objective is to help victims of crimes and their families recover from the trauma of their experience, get medical assistance when required, make their way through the legal system, have an opportunity to provide input to parole or clemency hearings, take appropriate steps, where relevant, to avoid becoming re-victimized, access the benefits to which they are entitled and rebuild their lives.
  • Crime Witness Support (6)
    FN-2100

    Crime Witness Support

    FN-2100

    Programs that provide a variety of supportive services for people who have witnessed a crime which may include crisis counseling, shelter away from their homes, escort services, transportation, child care, financial assistance, protective services, information about the mechanics of court proceedings and/or advice and guidance concerning court appearances. Some programs focus specifically on child witnesses and help to prepare them for what they will experience in the courtroom.
  • Diversion Programs (1)
    FF-0500.1800

    Diversion Programs

    FF-0500.1800

    Community-based programs that provide and/or coordinate the delivery of individual, group and family counseling, training, employment assistance and other prescribed social services for individuals who have been arrested for a minor offense and directed to participate in an educational or treatment program in lieu of prosecution for the offense. In most cases, the courts suspend prosecution for a prescribed period and dismiss charges altogether against those who successfully complete the program. Included are jail diversion programs which ensure that mentally ill offenders receive treatment and support services rather than spend time in jail.
  • Divorce Assistance (14)
    FT-3000.1700

    Divorce Assistance

    FT-3000.1700

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are initiating or responding to a suit for an annulment of their marriage, which establishes that a marital status never existed; a legal separation, which suspends the marriage so far as concerns the cohabitation of the two parties; or a divorce, which totally dissolves the marriage relationship. These programs may also discuss and represent the individual's interests regarding distribution of property assets and parenting issues regarding any children.
  • Durable Power of Attorney for Asset Management (2)
    FT-2700.1700

    Durable Power of Attorney for Asset Management

    FT-2700.1700

    Programs that provide assistance for people who want to officially authorize another individual (and one or more alternates) to handle important matters such as bill paying, contracts, investments, taxes, estate planning or a business in the event that the individual becomes incapacitated. There are two kinds of power of attorney: a power of attorney which takes effect immediately upon signing, and a springing power of attorney which does not take effect unless and until the individual becomes incapable of handling his or her own affairs (and expires if the person regains capacity.)
  • Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care (4)
    FT-2700.0500-200

    Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care

    FT-2700.0500-200

    Programs that provide assistance for people who want to officially authorize another individual (and one or more alternates) to make health care decisions on their behalf in the event that they become incapacitated and are unable to make those decisions themselves. The appointed agent is authorized to review the medical records of the individual, admit and/or discharge the individual from a hospital or nursing facility, consult with his or her caregivers and sign forms that may be needed to assure that care is provided according to his or her preferences. The agent may also carry out the individual's preferences regarding organ donation.
  • Elder Law (12)
    FT-2450

    Elder Law

    FT-2450

    Programs that provide information and guidance for individuals who need assistance in the area of law which relates to the rights and needs of older adults, especially in the areas of age discrimination, consumer fraud, estate planning and management, living trusts, trust administration, probate, property law, retirement planning, pension benefits, Social Security benefits, Medicaid and Medicare, disability planning, long-term care alternatives, health care decisions, elder abuse, guardianships and conservatorships.
  • Estate Planning Assistance (2)
    FT-2700

    Estate Planning Assistance

    FT-2700

    Programs that offer a review of options and assistance to people who want to provide for the administration and/or protection of their assets during their lifetime, develop a plan for managing their finances in the event of a disabling illness, prepare binding instructions for the health care they wish to receive or avoid should they become terminally ill, make arrangements for the disposition of their assets with a minimum amount of taxation upon their death and provide for the administration of their estate should their spouse or other beneficiaries be incapable of managing their affairs. Estate planning provides an opportunity for individuals to make their wishes known and to name the person(s) who will be responsible for carrying out those directives. Tools available during the estate planning process include a Last Will and Testament, durable power of attorney for health care, durable financial power of attorney and a directive to physicians such as a living will, natural death directive or other state-recognized document. A revocable living trust may also be appropriate in some circumstances.
  • Ex-Offender Halfway Houses (2)
    FF-1850

    Ex-Offender Halfway Houses

    FF-1850

    Community-based programs that provide congregate living arrangements and a wide variety of counseling and supportive services for ex-offenders who recently have been released from a correctional facility but who require a gradual transition from that highly structured and supervised way of a life to a relatively free and normal existence in the community.
  • Family Law (9)
    FT-3000

    Family Law

    FT-3000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are involved in disputes or legal actions which affect their domestic relationships.
  • Foster Home Licensing (2)
    DF-4500.2000-200

    Foster Home Licensing

    DF-4500.2000-200

    Programs that establish and enforce health, safety and program standards for foster homes, review applications for licenses, issue or deny licenses, inspect facilities for compliance with requirements and revoke licenses or bring disciplinary action for noncompliance.
  • General Legal Aid (19)
    FT-3200

    General Legal Aid

    FT-3200

    Programs that provide legal counseling and/or representation for low-income individuals who need assistance in routine legal matters, usually in the area of bankruptcy, housing, public benefits, family law, elder law or immigration/naturalization.
  • Guardianship Assistance (2)
    FT-6900.2500

    Guardianship Assistance

    FT-6900.2500

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are in favor of or want to oppose the appointment of a guardian to care for and/or manage the affairs of a child or adolescent during minority (generally younger than age 18). In some states, particularly those with no arrangements for conservatorships, whose conservatorships are voluntary covering property and powers designated by the conservatee or whose conservatorships address only the individual's estate, guardianships may also apply to adults who have been found by the courts to be incapable of managing their own affairs.
  • Highway Patrol (6)
    FL-3000

    Highway Patrol

    FL-3000

    The state law enforcement agency that maintains exclusive jurisdiction over the freeways and limited jurisdiction over county roads and streets in unincorporated areas. Officers are responsible for patrolling the highways to enforce traffic laws, issue citations to violators, investigate accidents, provide emergency first aid, assist disabled motorists, prevent or relieve traffic congestion, remove traffic obstructions and perform other services that help to ensure that the highways are safe, convenient to use and accident-free.
  • Housing Discrimination Assistance (11)
    FT-1800.3000

    Housing Discrimination Assistance

    FT-1800.3000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who believe that they have been denied an opportunity to purchase, lease or rent the home or apartment of their choice due to their age, gender, family composition, race or ethnic origin, nationality, religion, disability, sexual orientation or marital status.
  • Immigrant Visa Application Filing Assistance (16)
    FT-3600.3300

    Immigrant Visa Application Filing Assistance

    FT-3600.3300

    Programs that assist in filing petitions by aliens who are seeking admission to the United States with the intention of residing in the U.S. on a permanent basis. In most cases, a relative or prospective employer files the immigrant visa application on behalf of the individual. Certain applicants such as investors, workers with extraordinary ability and certain special immigrants may petition on their own behalf. Petitioners apply for a specific immigrant classification for the beneficiary, e.g., priority worker, spouse of a lawful permanent resident and, when the petition has been approved, wait until a visa number becomes available.
  • In Person Mediation (7)
    FP-0700.5000-330

    In Person Mediation

    FP-0700.5000-330

    Programs that provide mediation services in which a neutral third party meets face-to-face with the parties to the dispute and helps them come to a resolution which is formalized in a written document that is signed by all parties.
  • Landlord/Tenant Assistance (11)
    FT-4500

    Landlord/Tenant Assistance

    FT-4500

    Programs that provide assistance, information and support for tenants and/or landlords who are involved in rental housing disputes; or which administer state laws or local ordinances which govern rent control and other aspects of tenant/landlord relations.
  • Landlord/Tenant Dispute Resolution (12)
    FT-4500.4600

    Landlord/Tenant Dispute Resolution

    FT-4500.4600

    Programs that help tenants and landlords resolve disputes regarding security and other rental deposits, unsanitary conditions, failure to make repairs, privacy, notice requirements, excessive rent increases, nonpayment of rent, neglect or damage to property, overcrowding or other grievances.
  • Law Libraries (4)
    TJ-4400.8100-450

    Law Libraries

    TJ-4400.8100-450

    Libraries that are units of, or affiliated with, public or private legal education institutions which are organized and administered to meet the research needs of students and teaching staff. Also included are libraries which are owned or controlled by private law firms for use by their legal staff.
  • Lawyer Referral Services (10)
    FT-4800

    Lawyer Referral Services

    FT-4800

    Programs that maintain lists of private attorneys and link people who need legal assistance with lawyers who specialize in the required area of law.
  • Legal Associations (2)
    TN-4600

    Legal Associations

    TN-4600

    Organizations whose members are lawyers, judges or other legal professionals who have affiliated for the purpose of promoting mutual interests, participating in legal seminars and conferences, networking with their peers, subscribing to legal journals and other publications, and taking advantage of other opportunities for professional development. Many legal associations offer assistance to members who have management or financial problems that relate to their practices, set standards which relate to the qualifications and performance of members, accept and investigate complaints from the public regarding the practices of members and maintain lawyer referral services through which citizens who require legal assistance are referred to member attorneys.
  • Legal Counseling (59)
    FP-4000

    Legal Counseling

    FP-4000

    Programs that are staffed by lawyers who offer information and guidance regarding legal matters, proposed lines of conduct, claims or contentions including opinions on the party's rights, responsibilities and liabilities; and who offer suggestions for an appropriate course of action, but do not represent clients in court.
  • Legal Representation (49)
    FP-4500

    Legal Representation

    FP-4500

    Programs that are staffed by lawyers who appear on behalf of their clients in criminal, civil and/or administrative actions and proceedings in addition to offering legal advice and guidance.
  • Licensing/Certification/Accreditation (1)
    DF-4500

    Licensing/Certification/Accreditation

    DF-4500

    Programs that authorize the practice of a profession or the operation of a business or community facility after determining that established standards have been met. Activities usually include establishment of standards; review of applications; preparation and administration of examinations; issuance or denial of licenses, certificates or accreditation papers; enforcement of compliance with standards through inspection and monitoring; and revocation of licenses or disciplinary action in cases of noncompliance.
  • LPS Conservatorship Assistance (1)
    FT-6900.1500-450

    LPS Conservatorship Assistance

    FT-6900.1500-450

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are in favor or want to oppose the appointment of a conservator to manage the personal and financial affairs of an adult who is gravely disabled due to a mental disorder. People are considered gravely disabled when they are unable to provide for their basic needs (food, clothing, and shelter) without assistance because of a mental disorder and are unable or unwilling to accept psychiatric treatment voluntarily. The purpose of this type of conservatorship is to provide for the mental health care of the individual, which may include involuntary detention in a mental health treatment facility, and to protect and administer the individual's estate.
  • Mortgage Delinquency and Default Counseling (7)
    DM-1800.5000

    Mortgage Delinquency and Default Counseling

    DM-1800.5000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are unable to make their mortgage payments and at risk of losing their homes through foreclosure or who are already in the foreclosure process. Services may include information about the foreclosure process, legal timelines and how to contact and negotiate with a lender; assessment of the homeowner's financial situation and development of a plan to address homeownership and financial issues; in-depth financial counseling regarding foreclosure avoidance options and/or options that involve leaving the home; advocacy with lenders, when necessary; and referrals to foreclosure prevention resources. Also included are programs that provide mediation services to negotiate a compromise between the individual and the financial institution that holds their mortgage in order to avoid foreclosure.
  • Municipal Police (38)
    FL-6500

    Municipal Police

    FL-6500

    The local agency that is responsible for enforcing all laws and ordinances; preventing crime; investigating criminal activity; apprehending, arresting and detaining suspects; presenting evidence; regulating traffic; investigating traffic accidents and engaging in other activities that protect lives and property and preserve peace in the community.
  • Name Change Assistance (3)
    FT-5900

    Name Change Assistance

    FT-5900

    Programs that provide assistance for people who want to file a petition to legally change their name.
  • Occupational/Professional Licensing and Certification (2)
    DF-4500.6300

    Occupational/Professional Licensing and Certification

    DF-4500.6300

    Programs that establish and enforce licensing and certification standards for the trades and professions that are subject to regulation, review applications for licenses, administer examinations to demonstrate competency, issue or deny licenses and/or revoke licenses and certificates or take disciplinary action for noncompliance with standards.
  • Paralegal Counseling (1)
    FP-6500

    Paralegal Counseling

    FP-6500

    Programs that are staffed by people who have legal skills and are familiar with court procedures but who are not lawyers, who answer questions about filing procedures and generally help people understand what to expect in a legal action but do not offer legal advice and do not represent people in court.
  • Parental Kidnapping Legal Assistance (1)
    FT-3000.6400

    Parental Kidnapping Legal Assistance

    FT-3000.6400

    Programs that provide assistance for people who have been awarded legal custody of their children as a part of a divorce or separation action but whose children have been kidnapped by their former spouse.
  • Patient Rights Assistance (9)
    FT-6200

    Patient Rights Assistance

    FT-6200

    Programs that provide information, education, advocacy and/or other forms of legal assistance which relate to the rights of people who are patients in a health or mental health care facility, who are residents of convalescent or other long or short-term care facilities including adult residential care homes, or who are incapacitated and are being cared for at home by family members. Services may also be available to significant others of these individuals.
  • Probate Assistance (1)
    FT-6900

    Probate Assistance

    FT-6900

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are involved in proceedings that deal with the establishment of decedents' wills, the settlement of decedents' estates or the appointment of a guardian or conservator for adults or children who are unable to manage their own affairs.
  • Probate Conservatorship Assistance (2)
    FT-6900.1500-650

    Probate Conservatorship Assistance

    FT-6900.1500-650

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are in favor or want to oppose the appointment of a conservator to manage the personal and/or financial affairs of an adult who is incapable of doing so due to poor health, senility or other disabling conditions. Individuals or organizations appointed as "conservators of the person" are responsible for the person's care, maintenance, custody and control and provide for the person's living arrangements, food, clothing, medical care and other basic needs. Those appointed as "conservators of the estate" are responsible for the prudent management of the money and property belonging to the individual.
  • Sheriff (44)
    FL-8200

    Sheriff

    FL-8200

    The county agency that is responsible for enforcing all laws and regulations, preventing crime, investigating criminal activity, apprehending, arresting and detaining suspects, preventing and suppressing delinquency and engaging in other activities that protect lives and property and preserve peace in the community.
  • Tax Foreclosure Assistance (1)
    DM-1800.8500

    Tax Foreclosure Assistance

    DM-1800.8500

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are unable to make their property tax payments and at risk of losing their homes through tax foreclosure.
  • Tenant Rights Information/Counseling (16)
    FT-4500.8550

    Tenant Rights Information/Counseling

    FT-4500.8550

    Programs that provide information and guidance for tenants who need to know their rights and responsibilities regarding leases and rental agreements, deposits, legal eviction procedures, measures to protect themselves from unlawful or retaliatory evictions, rent withholding rights, rent control requirements, privacy rights and other issues that may be of particular interest to tenants. Tenant rights counseling may also include assistance in completing forms, advice regarding a particular dispute and contact with the offending landlord to provide notification that she or he is not in compliance with landlord/tenant laws.
  • Uncontested Divorce Assistance (2)
    FT-3000.1700-900

    Uncontested Divorce Assistance

    FT-3000.1700-900

    Programs that provide assistance for people who want to initiate or respond to a suit to dissolve their marriage in situations where the other party agrees to the action and will not take steps to legally oppose the suit.
  • Wage Garnishment Assistance (4)
    FT-9400

    Wage Garnishment Assistance

    FT-9400

    Programs that provide legal assistance for people who have received a judgment in their favor and need to file for a writ of execution and attach the wages of the individual in order to obtain payment; and/or which help individuals who have had a judgment made against them ensure that the amount of money that is garnished does not exceed the limits established by federal law and that their job rights are not violated.
  • Welfare Fraud Reporting (2)
    FN-1700.9500

    Welfare Fraud Reporting

    FN-1700.9500

    Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to anonymously report suspected cases of fraud involving TANF, Food Stamps, General Relief or other public assistance programs.
  • Welfare Rights Assistance (11)
    FT-1000.9500

    Welfare Rights Assistance

    FT-1000.9500

    Programs that provide assistance for prospective or current public financial assistance recipients who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining the full benefits to which they are entitled by law under various income support entitlement programs. The programs may help people understand the eligibility criteria for benefits, how much they can work without affecting their benefits (for some programs), the benefits provided by the program, the payment process and the rights of beneficiaries; provide consultation and advice; help them complete benefits application forms; negotiate on their behalf with public assistance benefits staff; and/or represent them in administrative hearings or judicial litigation. Included are welfare rights organizations that offer a range of advocacy services as well as legal aid programs that offer more formalized legal assistance. Entitlement programs include (but are not limited to) General Relief (GR), Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), Food Stamps/SNAP, Medicaid, Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI).
  • Will Preparation Assistance (3)
    FT-2700.9500

    Will Preparation Assistance

    FT-2700.9500

    Programs that provide assistance on an individual or group basis for people who want to draft a Last Will and Testament which leaves instructions for the disposition of their property following their death and need assistance in ensuring that the document is properly written. Also included are programs that provide copies of the Last Will and Testament form that is valid in their jurisdiction.
 
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