Legal

    Results: 60

  • Adoption Legal Services (2)
    FT-3000.0300

    Adoption Legal Services

    FT-3000.0300

    Programs that provide assistance for people who want to independently adopt a child, legally relinquish a child for adoption or initiate or respond to litigation which involves the placement or removal of a child.
  • Adult Sexual Assault Prevention (1)
    FN-1500.8150-050

    Adult Sexual Assault Prevention

    FN-1500.8150-050

    Programs that help adults become aware of the precautions they can take at home, in their cars and on the streets to avoid sexual assault, and the alternatives they have if they are confronted by an assailant. Sessions may focus on the needs of women, gay men, transgendered individuals or others who may be particularly vulnerable.
  • Advocacy (8)
    FP-0500

    Advocacy

    FP-0500

    Programs that intercede on behalf of individuals and/or groups to ensure that they receive the benefits and services for which they are eligible and that organizations within the established service delivery system meet the collective needs of the community; that attempt to marshal public support for a particular issue or cause; or that seek to influence legislation, local ordinances or administrative rulings in order to benefit specific interest groups or achieve specific social, political or environmental goals.
  • Child Abuse Prevention (13)
    FN-1500.1900-150

    Child Abuse Prevention

    FN-1500.1900-150

    Programs, often offered in the schools or in other community settings, that attempt to protect children from physical, sexual and/or emotional abuse or exploitation through a variety of educational interventions which may focus on children of various ages, parents, people who work with children and/or the community at large. The sessions may offer suggestions for children and/or parents regarding ways of avoiding or handling an abusive or potentially abusive situation and/or information about the indicators and incidence of abuse, requirements for reporting abuse and community resources that are available to children who have been abused and to their families.
  • Child Custody/Visitation Assistance (11)
    FT-3000.1500

    Child Custody/Visitation Assistance

    FT-3000.1500

    Programs that provide assistance for people who want to obtain custody of their children as a part of a divorce or separation action, who want to appeal all or a portion of the terms of a previous child custody decision, or in the case of a noncustodial parent, who want to establish or appeal the terms of a visitation award or a court-ordered visitation schedule. Included are programs that provide child custody/visitation assistance for people who are not legally married but have children together.
  • Child Support Assistance/Enforcement (16)
    FT-3000.1600

    Child Support Assistance/Enforcement

    FT-3000.1600

    Programs that provide assistance which helps to ensure that parents fulfill their mutual obligation to financially support and provide health care for their children. Included are services for people who want to locate an absent parent; establish paternity; establish a child support order; request that the non-custodial parent provide health insurance for a child in conjunction with a child support order; change the amount of a child support award; dispute a child support award; or enforce payment of child support monies in cases where the supporting parent is delinquent in paying or refuses to pay or make health insurance arrangements altogether. Child support is money paid by one parent to another for the maintenance, including the education, of their children following the dissolution of their marriage or other relationship. Non-custodial parents enrolled in an insurance plan at work may be required to include the child under this coverage while those not covered by any insurance plan may be required to obtain medical coverage, if available at a reasonable cost. Child support assistance/enforcement may be provided by private attorneys, legal clinics, family law facilitators' offices or child support enforcement programs which are available in all states, often as a component of the district attorney's office.
  • Child Support Wage Assignment Assistance (4)
    FT-9200.1500

    Child Support Wage Assignment Assistance

    FT-9200.1500

    Programs that provide legal assistance for people who want to petition the court to transfer the right to collect wages earned by their ex-spouses to themselves in cases where the ex-spouse is under court order to pay child support and fails to pay as required. Under this arrangement, the amount of the child support check is taken from the delinquent parent's paycheck and sent directly to the parent who has custody of the child.
  • City Attorney (1)
    FJ-6700.1500

    City Attorney

    FJ-6700.1500

    The attorney and legal advisor to all city departments and agencies including the mayor, the city council, the police and fire departments and city commissions who prosecutes all infractions and misdemeanors and a variety of criminal cases which occur within the city; represents the city in all litigation to which the city is party; handles traditional municipal matters such as land use, contracts and zoning; prepares ordinances amending the city's municipal and administrative codes; and responds to citizen and agency queries on related matters.
  • Conservatorship Assistance (2)
    FT-6900.1500

    Conservatorship Assistance

    FT-6900.1500

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are in favor of or want to oppose the appointment of a conservator to protect adults from physical danger and improper treatment and/or to protect their estate from exploitation or waste when they are incapable of managing their own affairs or are competent but infirm. Conservatorships differ widely among jurisdictions. In some states, conservatorships are voluntary arrangements in which a physically infirm but competent individual petitions the court to appoint the conservator of choice to manage whatever powers and property the conservatee chooses to include in the arrangement. In these jurisdictions, guardianships apply to adults who are found to be incompetent. In other states, conservatorships apply only to an individual's property while guardianships address responsibility for the person. States having no conservatorship arrangements generally have guardianship provisions which address the needs of adults who have been found by the courts to be incapable of managing their own affairs.
  • Consumer Fraud Reporting (4)
    FN-1700.1470

    Consumer Fraud Reporting

    FN-1700.1470

    Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that consumers can use to report the activities of telephone and Internet scammers and other con artists who attempt to persuade older adults, individuals who live alone, disaster victims and other vulnerable people to part with their savings. Common scams include fraudulent prize offers, "free" travel packages that have hidden costs or which never materialize, "get rich quick" investments that turn out to be worthless, tax debt/refund scams, phony charities with names that are similar to well-known organizations and schemes involving promises to recover an individual's money following their victimization by another scam. Reports may be filed by consumer fraud victims or by people who have information about individuals they know to be perpetrating these types of scams.
  • County Correctional Facilities (11)
    FF-1500.1550

    County Correctional Facilities

    FF-1500.1550

    County operated facilities that are used for the secure detention of people who have been charged with violating a state law or a municipal or local ordinance, up to and during the course of their trial, and which provide for the confinement, treatment, employment, training and discipline of people who have been convicted of a crime and sentenced by the courts to serve up to one year of imprisonment. Included are work camps and other county-operated facilities that are alternatives to traditional incarceration.
  • Crime Prevention (44)
    FN-1500

    Crime Prevention

    FN-1500

    Programs that help individuals and the general public protect themselves against crime or prevent its occurrence.
  • Crime Reporting (4)
    FN-1700

    Crime Reporting

    FN-1700

    Programs that encourage the public to provide information, often anonymously, which might lead to the arrest, prosecution and conviction of people who have committed crimes. Included are special "tip" lines and crime reporting hotlines that have been established by law enforcement organizations, employers or community resources, but not law enforcement offices which take crime reports as a part of their everyday activities unless they have a special number for a particular type of report.
  • Crime Victim Support (11)
    FN-1900

    Crime Victim Support

    FN-1900

    Programs whose objective is to help victims of crimes and their families recover from the trauma of their experience, get medical assistance when required, make their way through the legal system, have an opportunity to provide input to parole or clemency hearings, take appropriate steps, where relevant, to avoid becoming re-victimized, access the benefits to which they are entitled and rebuild their lives.
  • Dependency Courts (6)
    FC-8200.3500-180

    Dependency Courts

    FC-8200.3500-180

    State courts that have jurisdiction over minors who have been neglected or physically or sexually abused by the adults responsible for their care; who are in need of proper and effective parental care and control and have no parent or guardian capable of or willing to exercise such parental care and control; or who are physically dangerous to society due to mental or physical deficiencies, disorders or abnormalities. Dependency courts determine whether a particular child requires the protection of the court and select the most appropriate facility for placement including return to his or her own family.
  • Discrimination Assistance (3)
    FT-1800

    Discrimination Assistance

    FT-1800

    Programs that provide assistance for people who believe that they have been treated unfairly or denied normal privileges based on their age, gender, race or ethnic origin, nationality, religion, disability, sexual orientation or marital status.
  • Divorce Assistance (14)
    FT-3000.1700

    Divorce Assistance

    FT-3000.1700

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are initiating or responding to a suit for an annulment of their marriage, which establishes that a marital status never existed; a legal separation, which suspends the marriage so far as concerns the cohabitation of the two parties; or a divorce, which totally dissolves the marriage relationship. These programs may also discuss and represent the individual's interests regarding distribution of property assets and parenting issues regarding any children.
  • Elder Abuse Prevention (1)
    FN-1500.1900-180

    Elder Abuse Prevention

    FN-1500.1900-180

    Programs that attempt to reduce the incidence of financial, emotional, physical and sexual abuse or intimidation of elderly people and dependent adults by members of their families or other caregivers through a variety of educational interventions which are aimed at the likely victims of abuse, potential perpetrators, people who work with families and/or the community at large.
  • Elder Law (12)
    FT-2450

    Elder Law

    FT-2450

    Programs that provide information and guidance for individuals who need assistance in the area of law which relates to the rights and needs of older adults, especially in the areas of age discrimination, consumer fraud, estate planning and management, living trusts, trust administration, probate, property law, retirement planning, pension benefits, Social Security benefits, Medicaid and Medicare, disability planning, long-term care alternatives, health care decisions, elder abuse, guardianships and conservatorships.
  • Eviction Prevention Legal Assistance (12)
    FT-4500.1800

    Eviction Prevention Legal Assistance

    FT-4500.1800

    Programs that provide assistance for people are being evicted, either wrongfully or with reason, from their apartments or other rental property. Also included are programs that attempt to prevent eviction and possible homelessness by providing mediation services to negotiate a compromise between an individual and the landlord.
  • Ex-Offender Halfway Houses (2)
    FF-1850

    Ex-Offender Halfway Houses

    FF-1850

    Community-based programs that provide congregate living arrangements and a wide variety of counseling and supportive services for ex-offenders who recently have been released from a correctional facility but who require a gradual transition from that highly structured and supervised way of a life to a relatively free and normal existence in the community.
  • Ex-Offender Reentry Programs (6)
    FF-1900

    Ex-Offender Reentry Programs

    FF-1900

    Programs that help people who have been released from a correctional facility make a successful transition to community life. Services generally include an assessment of the individual's needs, discussion of options and short-term case management involving coordination of needed services which may include housing location assistance, job training, job placement and retention services, legal assistance, literacy skills development, GED courses, parenting classes, life skills training, access to food and shelter resources, and other sources of support.
  • Family Law (9)
    FT-3000

    Family Law

    FT-3000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are involved in disputes or legal actions which affect their domestic relationships.
  • Family Law Courts (12)
    FC-8200.8100-200

    Family Law Courts

    FC-8200.8100-200

    State courts that handle domestic relations cases including dissolution of marriages, nullification of marriages, legal separations, paternity actions, child custody, child support, visitation arrangements, spousal support and restraining orders; and which offer marriage and family counseling to help couples to reconcile or, if reconciliation is impossible, to reach an amicable agreement on a custody plan.
  • Family Violence Prevention (6)
    FN-1500.1900

    Family Violence Prevention

    FN-1500.1900

    Programs that attempt to reduce the incidence of child abuse, elder abuse and spouse abuse in family settings through a variety of educational interventions which may focus on children of various ages, parents, people who work with families and/or the community at large.
  • General Legal Aid (19)
    FT-3200

    General Legal Aid

    FT-3200

    Programs that provide legal counseling and/or representation for low-income individuals who need assistance in routine legal matters, usually in the area of bankruptcy, housing, public benefits, family law, elder law or immigration/naturalization.
  • Group Advocacy (4)
    FP-0500.2500

    Group Advocacy

    FP-0500.2500

    Programs that intervene on behalf of groups of people who have a common grievance against a public or private service provider or who believe that their rights have been violated, and which attempt to reach an equitable settlement without resorting to litigation.
  • Highway Patrol (6)
    FL-3000

    Highway Patrol

    FL-3000

    The state law enforcement agency that maintains exclusive jurisdiction over the freeways and limited jurisdiction over county roads and streets in unincorporated areas. Officers are responsible for patrolling the highways to enforce traffic laws, issue citations to violators, investigate accidents, provide emergency first aid, assist disabled motorists, prevent or relieve traffic congestion, remove traffic obstructions and perform other services that help to ensure that the highways are safe, convenient to use and accident-free.
  • Housing Discrimination Assistance (11)
    FT-1800.3000

    Housing Discrimination Assistance

    FT-1800.3000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who believe that they have been denied an opportunity to purchase, lease or rent the home or apartment of their choice due to their age, gender, family composition, race or ethnic origin, nationality, religion, disability, sexual orientation or marital status.
  • Individual Advocacy (12)
    FP-0500.3300

    Individual Advocacy

    FP-0500.3300

    Programs that intercede on behalf of individuals to help them establish eligibility for or obtain needed services when they have been denied benefits or services for which they are eligible, when they need assistance to communicate their needs to a service provider or to otherwise effectively represent themselves, or when they have a complaint about a service. Individual advocacy attempts to reach equitable settlements without resorting to litigation and seeks to meet individual needs without attempting to change social institutions.
  • Insurance Claims Assistance (4)
    FT-3900.3300

    Insurance Claims Assistance

    FT-3900.3300

    Programs that provide a variety of supportive services for individuals who need assistance in completing, filing and/or appealing decisions with regard to insurance claims and/or for organizations that need assistance in benefits administration.
  • Juvenile Courts (7)
    FC-8200.3500

    Juvenile Courts

    FC-8200.3500

    State courts that have jurisdiction over minors who have been charged with an offense that would be considered criminal if committed by an adult, who have committed status offenses or traffic violations, or who have been neglected or physically or sexually abused.
  • Juvenile Delinquency Prevention (14)
    FN-1500.3600

    Juvenile Delinquency Prevention

    FN-1500.3600

    Programs that offer a variety of activities for youth who are at risk for behavior which is likely to involve them in the juvenile justice system with the objective of assisting them to improve self-esteem, to become aware of alternative ways of dealing with feelings and leisure time, and to take responsibility for the consequences of their actions. Included may be counseling, rap and discussion groups, tutoring, companionship programs, alternative peer group experiences and supervised recreational activities.
  • Juvenile Detention Facilities (5)
    FF-1500.3500

    Juvenile Detention Facilities

    FF-1500.3500

    Facilities that provide for the detention of minors who have been arrested for violating a federal or state law or a municipal or local ordinance pending a court hearing or release; and/or which provide for the confinement, treatment, employment, training and discipline of juveniles convicted of a criminal offense and sentenced by Youth or Juvenile Court to serve a period of time in a juvenile detention facility which may include juvenile hall, juvenile probation camp or a state reformatory site.
  • Juvenile Probation (10)
    FF-0500.6550-350

    Juvenile Probation

    FF-0500.6550-350

    Programs that provide formal supervision and support for young men and women who have been convicted of an offense and released into the community under the supervision of a probation officer, usually in lieu of incarceration. The individual must agree to standards of conduct specified by the court for a set amount of time, usually for one year. Violations of the agreement subject the individual to revocation of his or her liberty.
  • Landlord/Tenant Assistance (11)
    FT-4500

    Landlord/Tenant Assistance

    FT-4500

    Programs that provide assistance, information and support for tenants and/or landlords who are involved in rental housing disputes; or which administer state laws or local ordinances which govern rent control and other aspects of tenant/landlord relations.
  • Law Enforcement Education/Information (2)
    FR-4500

    Law Enforcement Education/Information

    FR-4500

    Programs whose primary purpose is to provide information to the public about police procedures and specific crime prevention and other law enforcement programs that are designed to protect the community.
  • Lawyer Referral Services (10)
    FT-4800

    Lawyer Referral Services

    FT-4800

    Programs that maintain lists of private attorneys and link people who need legal assistance with lawyers who specialize in the required area of law.
  • Legal Counseling (59)
    FP-4000

    Legal Counseling

    FP-4000

    Programs that are staffed by lawyers who offer information and guidance regarding legal matters, proposed lines of conduct, claims or contentions including opinions on the party's rights, responsibilities and liabilities; and who offer suggestions for an appropriate course of action, but do not represent clients in court.
  • Legal Information Lines (5)
    TJ-3200.4500

    Legal Information Lines

    TJ-3200.4500

    Programs that provide telephone information about specific legal problems and procedures. Included are programs like Tel-Law and Ask Immigration with tapes on specific topics that people can select and access through a central number which are then played over the telephone, those that are staffed by live operators who have legal expertise and who answer questions directly, and those that provide legal information via an Internet website.
  • Legal Representation (49)
    FP-4500

    Legal Representation

    FP-4500

    Programs that are staffed by lawyers who appear on behalf of their clients in criminal, civil and/or administrative actions and proceedings in addition to offering legal advice and guidance.
  • Legislative Advocacy (2)
    FP-0500.4500

    Legislative Advocacy

    FP-0500.4500

    Programs that attempt to influence the introduction or review of pending bills, ordinances or administrative rulings with the objective of having an impact on the passage or defeat of such legislation or its content.
  • LPS Conservatorship Assistance (1)
    FT-6900.1500-450

    LPS Conservatorship Assistance

    FT-6900.1500-450

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are in favor or want to oppose the appointment of a conservator to manage the personal and financial affairs of an adult who is gravely disabled due to a mental disorder. People are considered gravely disabled when they are unable to provide for their basic needs (food, clothing, and shelter) without assistance because of a mental disorder and are unable or unwilling to accept psychiatric treatment voluntarily. The purpose of this type of conservatorship is to provide for the mental health care of the individual, which may include involuntary detention in a mental health treatment facility, and to protect and administer the individual's estate.
  • Mediation (3)
    FP-0700.5000

    Mediation

    FP-0700.5000

    Programs that provide a neutral third person who is acceptable to all parties to a dispute who facilitates discussion between the parties and aids them in making their own settlement decisions.
  • Military Law (4)
    FT-5700

    Military Law

    FT-5700

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are employed by any of the branches of the armed forces and have committed an offense which brings them under the jurisdiction of the military courts.
  • Municipal Police (38)
    FL-6500

    Municipal Police

    FL-6500

    The local agency that is responsible for enforcing all laws and ordinances; preventing crime; investigating criminal activity; apprehending, arresting and detaining suspects; presenting evidence; regulating traffic; investigating traffic accidents and engaging in other activities that protect lives and property and preserve peace in the community.
  • Nondelinquent Juvenile Detention Facilities (7)
    PH-6500.1500-600

    Nondelinquent Juvenile Detention Facilities

    PH-6500.1500-600

    Facilities that provide short-term protective custody for nondelinquent, dependent children and youth age 17 and younger who have been abused or neglected by the adult(s) responsible for their care.
  • Patient Rights Assistance (9)
    FT-6200

    Patient Rights Assistance

    FT-6200

    Programs that provide information, education, advocacy and/or other forms of legal assistance which relate to the rights of people who are patients in a health or mental health care facility, who are residents of convalescent or other long or short-term care facilities including adult residential care homes, or who are incapacitated and are being cared for at home by family members. Services may also be available to significant others of these individuals.
  • Probate Assistance (1)
    FT-6900

    Probate Assistance

    FT-6900

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are involved in proceedings that deal with the establishment of decedents' wills, the settlement of decedents' estates or the appointment of a guardian or conservator for adults or children who are unable to manage their own affairs.
  • Probate Conservatorship Assistance (2)
    FT-6900.1500-650

    Probate Conservatorship Assistance

    FT-6900.1500-650

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are in favor or want to oppose the appointment of a conservator to manage the personal and/or financial affairs of an adult who is incapable of doing so due to poor health, senility or other disabling conditions. Individuals or organizations appointed as "conservators of the person" are responsible for the person's care, maintenance, custody and control and provide for the person's living arrangements, food, clothing, medical care and other basic needs. Those appointed as "conservators of the estate" are responsible for the prudent management of the money and property belonging to the individual.
  • Public Defender (9)
    FJ-6700.6500

    Public Defender

    FJ-6700.6500

    The attorney employed by the county to provide legal representation for all people, including juveniles, who are financially unable to furnish counsel for proceedings in criminal, juvenile, mental health or civil cases triable in Superior, Municipal or Justice Courts. Also included are federal public defenders, attorneys who are appointed by the court to represent individuals charged with federal offenses who cannot afford to retain their own attorney.
  • School System Advocacy (3)
    FT-8000

    School System Advocacy

    FT-8000

    Programs that assist families in their interactions with the school system which may include help with school registration, enrollment of children in special programs, intervention on behalf of students facing disciplinary action or expulsion and other activities which facilitate communication between families and school staff.
  • Sexual Assault Prevention (3)
    FN-1500.8150

    Sexual Assault Prevention

    FN-1500.8150

    Programs that help people who may be vulnerable to rape, molestation or other forms of sexual assault become aware of the general precautions that can be taken to reduce the risk of becoming a victim, and the alternatives for handling the situation should they be approached or attacked.
  • Sheriff (44)
    FL-8200

    Sheriff

    FL-8200

    The county agency that is responsible for enforcing all laws and regulations, preventing crime, investigating criminal activity, apprehending, arresting and detaining suspects, preventing and suppressing delinquency and engaging in other activities that protect lives and property and preserve peace in the community.
  • Special Education Advocacy (3)
    FT-8000.8000

    Special Education Advocacy

    FT-8000.8000

    Programs that work to ensure that children and youth with disabilities receive a free, appropriate, public education often by providing assistance for parents who need support in seeking and obtaining needed early intervention, educational, medical or therapeutic services for their children.
  • Spouse/Intimate Partner Abuse Prevention (9)
    FN-1500.1900-800

    Spouse/Intimate Partner Abuse Prevention

    FN-1500.1900-800

    Programs that attempt to reduce the incidence of physical, emotional and sexual abuse of individuals by their spouses or partners through a variety of educational interventions which may focus on the likely victims of abuse, potential perpetrators, people who work with families and/or the community at large.
  • System Advocacy (7)
    FP-0500.8000

    System Advocacy

    FP-0500.8000

    Programs that seek changes in community conditions, structures or institutions when modifications in the service delivery system as a whole are required to ensure the adequate availability of essential community services, to contribute to human growth and development and to prevent unwitting support of conditions which are injurious to individuals and families who are residents. The objective of system advocacy is to make changes that are required to benefit the community as a whole rather than focusing on the needs of a particular individual, family or group of residents.
  • Tenant Rights Information/Counseling (16)
    FT-4500.8550

    Tenant Rights Information/Counseling

    FT-4500.8550

    Programs that provide information and guidance for tenants who need to know their rights and responsibilities regarding leases and rental agreements, deposits, legal eviction procedures, measures to protect themselves from unlawful or retaliatory evictions, rent withholding rights, rent control requirements, privacy rights and other issues that may be of particular interest to tenants. Tenant rights counseling may also include assistance in completing forms, advice regarding a particular dispute and contact with the offending landlord to provide notification that she or he is not in compliance with landlord/tenant laws.
  • Welfare Fraud Reporting (2)
    FN-1700.9500

    Welfare Fraud Reporting

    FN-1700.9500

    Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that the public can use to anonymously report suspected cases of fraud involving TANF, Food Stamps, General Relief or other public assistance programs.
  • Welfare Rights Assistance (11)
    FT-1000.9500

    Welfare Rights Assistance

    FT-1000.9500

    Programs that provide assistance for prospective or current public financial assistance recipients who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining the full benefits to which they are entitled by law under various income support entitlement programs. The programs may help people understand the eligibility criteria for benefits, how much they can work without affecting their benefits (for some programs), the benefits provided by the program, the payment process and the rights of beneficiaries; provide consultation and advice; help them complete benefits application forms; negotiate on their behalf with public assistance benefits staff; and/or represent them in administrative hearings or judicial litigation. Included are welfare rights organizations that offer a range of advocacy services as well as legal aid programs that offer more formalized legal assistance. Entitlement programs include (but are not limited to) General Relief (GR), Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), Food Stamps/SNAP, Medicaid, Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI).
 
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