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Advocacy & Support

    Results: 67

  • AARP Tax Aide Programs (1)
    DT-8800.0100

    AARP Tax Aide Programs

    DT-8800.0100

    Programs sponsored by the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that provide tax preparation assistance for persons age 60 and older, particularly those who are confined to their residences or retirement communities. The service, which is also known as Tax Counseling for the Elderly or TCE, is provided by volunteers trained by the IRS.
  • Abuse/Violence Related Support Groups (6)
    PN-8100.0200

    Abuse/Violence Related Support Groups

    PN-8100.0200

    Mutual support groups whose members are individuals who have experienced physical or emotional abuse within the context of the home or workplace, human trafficking, sexual assault or violent crime. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; provide emotional support, information and resources for participants; and may be structured for victims/survivors of abuse and/or violence, for family members and others affected by the violence, or for perpetrators of family violence.
  • Adoption and Foster/Kinship Care Support Groups (8)
    PN-8100.6500-030

    Adoption and Foster/Kinship Care Support Groups

    PN-8100.6500-030

    Mutual support groups whose members are individuals who have adopted a child or are considering or in the process of adoption, birth parents who relinquished a child for adoption, people who were, themselves adopted, foster care providers, children in foster care, kinship caregivers (paternal or maternal grandparents, aunts, uncles and other family members, members of a child's tribe or clan, godparents, stepparents, neighbors, friends of the family or other adults who can serve as "family"), children cared for by relatives under a formal or informal kinship care arrangement and/or adults who, as children, were raised in foster or kinship care. Groups may also be structured for adoptees, siblings and/or birth parents who have been reunited; older kinship caregivers who have taken on an unexpected parenting role later in life; and people who have other kinship issues, e.g., grandparents and other relatives who have been denied access to a grandchild or other youngster due to a death or divorce in the child's family. Meeting formats may include in-person, telephone or Internet options.
  • Adoption Counseling and Support (10)
    PH-0300.0300

    Adoption Counseling and Support

    PH-0300.0300

    Programs that provide guidance and support for people who have adopted a child or are involved in the process of adopting a child.
  • Adult Children of Alcoholics Support Groups (1)
    PN-8100.0500-030

    Adult Children of Alcoholics Support Groups

    PN-8100.0500-030

    Mutual support groups whose members are adults who were reared by or had contact in their formative years with a parent or parent figure who had an alcohol use disorder and, as a result, have internalized both the excessive alcohol consumption and codependency patterns of coping which may interfere with positive adjustment in adult life. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; and allow participants to share their experience, strengths and hopes to solve the problems they have in common.
  • Advocacy (8)
    FP-0500

    Advocacy

    FP-0500

    Programs that intercede on behalf of individuals and/or groups to ensure that they receive the benefits and services for which they are eligible and that organizations within the established service delivery system meet the collective needs of the community; that attempt to marshal public support for a particular issue or cause; or that seek to influence legislation, local ordinances or administrative rulings in order to benefit specific interest groups or achieve specific social, political or environmental goals.
  • Benefits Assistance (14)
    FT-1000

    Benefits Assistance

    FT-1000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining grants, payments, services or other benefits to which they are entitled by law. The programs may help people understand the eligibility criteria for benefits, the benefits provided by the program, the payment process and the rights of beneficiaries; provide consultation and advice; help them complete benefits application forms; negotiate on their behalf with benefits administration staff; and/or represent them in administrative processes or judicial litigation. Included are benefits counseling organizations that offer a range of advocacy services and legal aid programs that offer more formalized legal assistance.
  • Business Associations (2)
    TN-1000

    Business Associations

    TN-1000

    Organizations whose members are business people, either operating their own companies or employed in organizations, who have affiliated for the purpose of promoting the general commercial interests of the community or the interests of their own trade.
  • Child Support Assistance/Enforcement (16)
    FT-3000.1600

    Child Support Assistance/Enforcement

    FT-3000.1600

    Programs that provide assistance which helps to ensure that parents fulfill their mutual obligation to financially support and provide health care for their children. Included are services for people who want to locate an absent parent; establish paternity; establish a child support order; request that the non-custodial parent provide health insurance for a child in conjunction with a child support order; change the amount of a child support award; dispute a child support award; or enforce payment of child support monies in cases where the supporting parent is delinquent in paying or refuses to pay or make health insurance arrangements altogether. Child support is money paid by one parent to another for the maintenance, including the education, of their children following the dissolution of their marriage or other relationship. Non-custodial parents enrolled in an insurance plan at work may be required to include the child under this coverage while those not covered by any insurance plan may be required to obtain medical coverage, if available at a reasonable cost. Child support assistance/enforcement may be provided by private attorneys, legal clinics, family law facilitators' offices or child support enforcement programs which are available in all states, often as a component of the district attorney's office.
  • Children's Protective Services (7)
    PH-6500.1500

    Children's Protective Services

    PH-6500.1500

    Programs that investigate reports of child abuse, neglect or abandonment; document substantiated cases; provide for the temporary placement of children who, for their own protection, have been removed from the custody of the adults who are responsible for their care; work with families who are experiencing a problem with child abuse with the objective of facilitating continued family unification or reunification; and provide ongoing supportive services for children in permanent placement.
  • Citizenship and Immigration Services Offices (1)
    FT-3500.1500

    Citizenship and Immigration Services Offices

    FT-3500.1500

    Government offices that provide immigration and naturalization services and benefits, and enforce immigration laws. These offices receive and adjudicate petitions for change of status to or extension of nonimmigrant visa categories, family and employment based petitions leading to immigrant visas, petitions for adjustment of status to lawful permanent residence and petitions for naturalization. They also investigate violations of immigration laws, pursue the removal of aliens thought to have violated those laws, if warranted, provide for the detention of aliens, and manage the removal of persons found to have committed removable offenses as defined by immigration law. The Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS) is part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
  • Citizenship Assistance Centers (6)
    FT-3600.6000-150

    Citizenship Assistance Centers

    FT-3600.6000-150

    Community-based programs that establish one-stop centers which provide a variety of services to help people who have lived in the United States the requisite period of time apply to become U.S. citizens. Included may be photographs required for citizenship applications, copies of the Application for Naturalization form (Form N-400), assistance in completing the form, copies of questions typically asked by the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS) in citizenship interviews and an opportunity to practice for the interview.
  • Community Action Agencies (1)
    TD-1100.1400

    Community Action Agencies

    TD-1100.1400

    Private, nonprofit human service and advocacy organizations established under the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 that provide emergency assistance to people in crisis; address the causes of poverty through programs that fight unemployment, inadequate housing, poor nutrition and lack of educational opportunity; and provide training in advocacy skills. Community Action Agencies (CAAs), also known as Community Action Programs (CAPs), operate a variety of core services in the communities they serve. Included are GED and ESL education, job training programs, Head Start and day care, weatherization and energy assistance programs, health services, services for older adults (e.g., Foster Grandparents and RSVP), emergency food assistance and homelessness prevention programs. They are also involved in affordable housing creation and renovation and small business assistance.
  • Community Action/Social Advocacy Groups (4)
    TD-1600

    Community Action/Social Advocacy Groups

    TD-1600

    Organizations whose members have joined together on a voluntary basis to promote a particular cause or work for the realization of a specific social or political goal.
  • Companionship (2)
    PH-1400

    Companionship

    PH-1400

    Programs that provide friendship and shared activities and/or appropriate role models for individuals who suffer from lack of company, loneliness or social isolation; who need emotional support from a "buddy" to cope with a difficult life situation; who need practice conversing in English; or who lack the companionship and guidance of an adult or figure or peer role model.
  • Constitutional/Civil Rights Groups (5)
    TD-1600.3100-160

    Constitutional/Civil Rights Groups

    TD-1600.3100-160

    Organizations that work to protect the rights of people guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution, and which promote the passage and enforcement of laws and other social measures that extend individual rights or more effectively protect them. These rights include constitutional guarantees, such as the right to bear arms, freedom of speech and freedom of the press, as well as civil rights which protect all citizens from discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender or national origin in the areas of voting, education, employment and housing; in the use of facilities and public accommodations; and in the administration of federally assisted or other public programs.
  • Crime Victim Support (11)
    FN-1900

    Crime Victim Support

    FN-1900

    Programs whose objective is to help victims of crimes and their families recover from the trauma of their experience, get medical assistance when required, make their way through the legal system, have an opportunity to provide input to parole or clemency hearings, take appropriate steps, where relevant, to avoid becoming re-victimized, access the benefits to which they are entitled and rebuild their lives.
  • Crime Victim Support Groups (1)
    PN-8100.0200-130

    Crime Victim Support Groups

    PN-8100.0200-130

    Mutual support groups whose members are burglary victims, hate crimes victims, stalking victims, workplace violence victims, torture victims or other individuals who have experienced violent crime and/or the spouses or partners, other family members and friends of crime victims. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; and provide emotional support, information and resources to help participants cope with the negative after effects of their ordeal.
  • Crime Witness Support (6)
    FN-2100

    Crime Witness Support

    FN-2100

    Programs that provide a variety of supportive services for people who have witnessed a crime which may include crisis counseling, shelter away from their homes, escort services, transportation, child care, financial assistance, protective services, information about the mechanics of court proceedings and/or advice and guidance concerning court appearances. Some programs focus specifically on child witnesses and help to prepare them for what they will experience in the courtroom.
  • Dental Associations (1)
    TN-5000.1800

    Dental Associations

    TN-5000.1800

    Organizations whose members are dentists and other dental health professionals who have affiliated for the purpose of promoting mutual interests, participating in professional seminars and conferences, networking with their peers, subscribing to dental journals and other publications, and taking advantage of other opportunities for continuing professional development. Many dental associations set standards which relate to the qualifications and performance of members, accept and investigate complaints from the public regarding the practices of members and maintain referral services through which residents who require dental assistance are referred to members.
  • Disability Rights Groups (8)
    TD-1600.3100-180

    Disability Rights Groups

    TD-1600.3100-180

    Organizations that support the passage and enforcement of laws or other social measures that protect the rights of people who have physical, mental, developmental or learning disabilities and maximize their ability to enjoy the same opportunities, resources and privileges as the mainstream population.
  • Domestic Violence Hotlines (11)
    RP-1500.1400-200

    Domestic Violence Hotlines

    RP-1500.1400-200

    Programs that provide immediate assistance for women and men who have experienced domestic abuse which may include steps to ensure the person's safety; short-term emotional support; assistance with shelter; legal information and advocacy; referrals for medical treatment; ongoing counseling and/or group support; and other related services. Hotline staff are generally available via the telephone, email, live chat, texting and/or instant message (IM).
  • Domestic Violence Intervention Programs (13)
    FN-1500.9100-180

    Domestic Violence Intervention Programs

    FN-1500.9100-180

    Programs that offer classes or groups, sponsor victim panels or provide other interventions which help domestic violence offenders understand and take responsibility for their acts of violence and abuse; realize that their behavior is the result of their desire to gain power and control over their partner's life; and make a decision to stop their abuse by looking at the damaging effects of their actions on their relationships, partners, children and themselves. The group sessions address the tactics of power and control; describe the cycle of abuse; challenge stereotypical gender role expectations; and help abusers identify and articulate their feelings and recognize behavior, emotional and physical cues which signal escalating anger. Participants learn problem solving skills, negotiation and conflict resolution skills, stress management techniques, communication and listening skills and other skills that will help them develop and maintain positive, healthy partnerships; and may be ordered by the court to attend or self refer. The victim panels provide a venue which enables volunteers who have been subjected to abuse to describe the treatment they have endured and the impact on their lives.
  • Domestic Violence Support Groups (10)
    PN-8100.0200-180

    Domestic Violence Support Groups

    PN-8100.0200-180

    Mutual support groups whose members are individuals who have been involved in physical or emotional abuse involving a spouse or other partner. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; provide emotional support, information and resources for those who participate; and may be structured for victims of domestic violence or those responsible for battering them.
  • Employment Related Advocacy Groups (3)
    TD-1600.1790

    Employment Related Advocacy Groups

    TD-1600.1790

    Organizations that advocate for or oppose measures that affect the terms or conditions of employment or the workplace environment. These measures may address equal pay standards; minimum/living wage requirements; occupational health and safety concerns; worker/employer rights; employee benefits including workplace child care; employment discrimination based on age, race, gender, or ethnic background; affirmative action/equal opportunity practices; sexual harassment on the job; workplace violence; hours issues including a shortened work week and flexible work hours; telecommuting; unemployment benefits; self-employment; and other similar issues.
  • Ethnic Advocacy Groups (5)
    TD-1600.3100-200

    Ethnic Advocacy Groups

    TD-1600.3100-200

    Organizations that support the passage and enforcement of laws and other social measures that protect and promote the rights and interests of one or more specific ethnic groups.
  • Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/Transgender Advocacy Groups (2)
    TD-1600.3100-250

    Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/Transgender Advocacy Groups

    TD-1600.3100-250

    Organizations that support the passage and enforcement of laws and other social measures that protect and promote the rights and interests of gays, lesbians, bisexuals, transgender individuals, intersexed individuals (people born with reproductive organs and/or genitalia that are ambiguous or atypical), cross-dressers and/or people who are in the process of coming out or are questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • Group Advocacy (4)
    FP-0500.2500

    Group Advocacy

    FP-0500.2500

    Programs that intervene on behalf of groups of people who have a common grievance against a public or private service provider or who believe that their rights have been violated, and which attempt to reach an equitable settlement without resorting to litigation.
  • Health Related Advocacy Groups (2)
    TD-1600.2570

    Health Related Advocacy Groups

    TD-1600.2570

    Organizations that are dedicated to protecting and improving the quality and affordability of health and long term care for all individuals and advocating for changes in the health care system that will achieve these goals; or which advocate more broadly for legislation and other measures such as bans on smoking that have a positive impact on public health. Specific issues may include extending the reach of childhood immunization programs, expanding services for people with specific disabilities or health conditions, funding medical research, supporting or opposing stem cell research, establishing the liability of managed health care organizations and nursing facilities for the consequences of their decisions, providing a prescription drug benefit for the elderly, passing a powerful patient's bill of rights, advocating for universal health care or taking a position on the merits of specific medical procedures or forms of treatment.
  • Home Care/Hospice Associations (1)
    TN-2900

    Home Care/Hospice Associations

    TN-2900

    Organizations whose members are home health, hospice and personal care agencies that have affiliated for the purpose of promoting mutual interests, increasing the visibility of home care services, disseminating information to members and the general public and improving the quality, accessibility and affordability of in-home and end of life care. Home health and hospice associations may provide opportunities for personal and professional development through conferences, publications and other activities; advocate for the rights of patients, their families and caregivers and people who are bereaved; maintain referral services through which people who require home health, personal care, palliative care or hospice services are referred to member agencies; and/or provide information about employment opportunities for people working in the field.
  • Hospital Based Patient Advocate Offices (1)
    LH-6300.4150

    Hospital Based Patient Advocate Offices

    LH-6300.4150

    Offices in hospitals and other health care institutions (including HMOs) whose staff handle complaints from patients regarding the inpatient, outpatient or home health care they are receiving. These offices work within the system to help patients achieve satisfaction as an alternative to filing a complaint with licensing authorities or consumer action agencies, requesting the services of outside advocates or seeking legal advice from attorneys who specialize in the health care field.
  • Housing Advocacy Groups (8)
    TD-1600.2800

    Housing Advocacy Groups

    TD-1600.2800

    Organizations that advocate for constructing, renovating or otherwise improving the availability of safe, affordable rental and purchasable housing for low-income individuals and families, older adults, people with disabilities, migrant workers and others who are unable to purchase a home or rent a home or apartment under current market conditions or who are forced to spend an excessively large proportion of their income on housing to the detriment of other necessities.
  • Human Rights Groups (1)
    TD-1600.3100

    Human Rights Groups

    TD-1600.3100

    Organizations that work for legislation and other social measures that will more effectively protect the rights of the community as a whole or those of specific groups within the community.
  • Immigration/Naturalization Legal Services (1)
    FT-3600

    Immigration/Naturalization Legal Services

    FT-3600

    Programs that provide legal assistance for immigrants, nonimmigrant visa applicants, asylum seekers and lawful permanent residents who are seeking naturalization. Services are generally provided by nonprofit immigration law offices and may involve information and consultation about benefits under immigration law including procedures for obtaining student, visitor and employment-based visas; family immigration; asylee status; lawful permanent residence status; or citizenship.
  • In Person Mediation (7)
    FP-0700.5000-330

    In Person Mediation

    FP-0700.5000-330

    Programs that provide mediation services in which a neutral third party meets face-to-face with the parties to the dispute and helps them come to a resolution which is formalized in a written document that is signed by all parties.
  • Individual Advocacy (12)
    FP-0500.3300

    Individual Advocacy

    FP-0500.3300

    Programs that intercede on behalf of individuals to help them establish eligibility for or obtain needed services when they have been denied benefits or services for which they are eligible, when they need assistance to communicate their needs to a service provider or to otherwise effectively represent themselves, or when they have a complaint about a service. Individual advocacy attempts to reach equitable settlements without resorting to litigation and seeks to meet individual needs without attempting to change social institutions.
  • Inmate Support Services (1)
    FF-3300

    Inmate Support Services

    FF-3300

    Programs that provide emotional support and friendship (through correspondence or other mechanisms) for individuals who are incarcerated in a correctional facility; facilitate continued contact between inmates and family members, friends and significant others; work to vindicate and free from prison, inmates who claim to be innocent of the crimes for which they have been convicted and sentenced; and/or ensure that inmates receive the services and support they need to solve problems arising from their incarceration and/or prepare for their release.
  • Legal Associations (2)
    TN-4600

    Legal Associations

    TN-4600

    Organizations whose members are lawyers, judges or other legal professionals who have affiliated for the purpose of promoting mutual interests, participating in legal seminars and conferences, networking with their peers, subscribing to legal journals and other publications, and taking advantage of other opportunities for professional development. Many legal associations offer assistance to members who have management or financial problems that relate to their practices, set standards which relate to the qualifications and performance of members, accept and investigate complaints from the public regarding the practices of members and maintain lawyer referral services through which citizens who require legal assistance are referred to member attorneys.
  • Legislative Advocacy (2)
    FP-0500.4500

    Legislative Advocacy

    FP-0500.4500

    Programs that attempt to influence the introduction or review of pending bills, ordinances or administrative rulings with the objective of having an impact on the passage or defeat of such legislation or its content.
  • Microenterprise Development/Support (2)
    TB-0900.0650-500

    Microenterprise Development/Support

    TB-0900.0650-500

    Programs that provide technical assistance, training in business skills, assistance in writing business plans, access to venture capital or loans, loan guarantees or other forms of support for individuals who want to establish or expand the operation of very small businesses known as microenterprises or microbusinesses. A microenterprise is a business, which may be located in an urban, suburban or rural setting, with five or fewer employees and capital needs of less than $25,000. Many start as home or yard-based businesses, have part-time operations, and may be created by nontraditional entrepreneurs such as women, minorities, low-income individuals, and dislocated or underemployed workers. Most provide an opportunity for low-income households to become more self-sufficient.
  • Military Transition Assistance Programs (16)
    TM-5200

    Military Transition Assistance Programs

    TM-5200

    Programs that provide guidance and information regarding benefits, services and outplacement assistance for active duty separtees and retirees and their family members returning to civilian life with the objective of making the transition as smooth and stress-free as possible. Services may include benefits counseling, employment search and placement assistance, relocation services, financial planning assistance, eligibility information regarding medical and dental insurance coverage and other forms of assistance to facilitate adjustment to civilian life. Special employment transition assistance includes certification of job skills and experience; information about applying active duty job skills and experience to private sector employment; information about geographic areas of relocation including the labor market and cost of living; identification and location of employment and training opportunities; instruction in resume preparation, job analysis and interview techniques; and information about loans and grants to facilitate acquisition of employment. Also included are programs that help National Guard and Reserve personnel who have been activated for deployment resolve issues pertaining to duty requirements and employment benefits.
  • Missing Persons Location Assistance (17)
    FN-5000

    Missing Persons Location Assistance

    FN-5000

    Programs that handle reports of people who have disappeared, assist people who need to locate an individual who has been reported as missing or with whom contact has been lost and/or help relatives establish that a missing individual has, in fact, died. Also included are programs that take and/or follow up on reports of sightings of people reported as missing.
  • Naturalization Support/Legal Services (4)
    FT-3600.6000

    Naturalization Support/Legal Services

    FT-3600.6000

    Programs that assist in filing applications by lawful permanent residents who have been in that status for at least five years (or three years if married to a U.S. citizen), who meet other eligibility requirements and who wish to become naturalized U.S. citizens. Applicants must pass a citizenship examination to determine whether they can speak and read English and have a knowledge of the fundamentals of American government, history and the Constitution; and must take an oath of allegiance to the United States.
  • Parent Support Groups (33)
    PN-8100.6500-650

    Parent Support Groups

    PN-8100.6500-650

    Mutual support groups for parents who share a common characteristic or circumstance such as being single parents, dual career parents, multiple birth parents, parents with children who are out of control, or parents of children with disabilities, who come together for educational and social purposes as well as for mutual support. Meeting formats may include in-person, telephone or Internet options.
  • Parenting/Family Support Groups (4)
    PN-8100.6500

    Parenting/Family Support Groups

    PN-8100.6500

    Mutual support groups whose members are individuals who have experiences relating to adoption, birth control, family planning, pregnancy, childbirth, foster care, kinship care, marriage, parenting, separation/divorce, single parenting, step families, blended families, grandparent rights or other family situations. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; and provide an opportunity for participants to share their experience, strengths and hopes, understand their relationships and work through related emotions.
  • Patient Rights Assistance (9)
    FT-6200

    Patient Rights Assistance

    FT-6200

    Programs that provide information, education, advocacy and/or other forms of legal assistance which relate to the rights of people who are patients in a health or mental health care facility, who are residents of convalescent or other long or short-term care facilities including adult residential care homes, or who are incapacitated and are being cared for at home by family members. Services may also be available to significant others of these individuals.
  • Physician/Surgeon Associations (1)
    TN-5000.6500

    Physician/Surgeon Associations

    TN-5000.6500

    Organizations whose members are physicians who have affiliated for the purpose of promoting mutual interests, participating in professional seminars and conferences, networking with their peers, subscribing to medical journals and other publications, and taking advantage of other opportunities for continuing professional development. Many physician associations set standards regarding the qualifications and performance of members, accept and investigate complaints from the public regarding the practices of members and maintain referral services through which residents who require the assistance of a medical doctor are referred to members.
  • Planning/Coordinating/Advisory Groups (16)
    TD-6500

    Planning/Coordinating/Advisory Groups

    TD-6500

    Governing boards, advisory boards, commissions, committees and other groups that provide advice, guidance and, in some cases, formal oversight, for public and private organizations that are responsible for the provision of services to the community; that assess existing social conditions and problems and develop and assist in the implementation of specific strategies for meeting the human service needs of the community; and/or which assist community agencies and organizations to coordinate the provision of services in an efficient, nonduplicative way. Also included are entities that are composed of community agencies which have an established networking relationship that provides a collaborative approach to addressing specific identified community needs and problems.
  • Police/Community Relations Groups (1)
    TD-1600.6550

    Police/Community Relations Groups

    TD-1600.6550

    Organizations that work for increased harmony and understanding between individuals involved in law enforcement and the community at large.
  • Postadoption Counseling and Support (1)
    PH-0300.0300-650

    Postadoption Counseling and Support

    PH-0300.0300-650

    Programs that provide guidance and support following placement of a child to help the adopting family through the early period of adjustment or thereafter as needed.
  • Prostitution Related Support Groups (2)
    PN-8100.4500-650

    Prostitution Related Support Groups

    PN-8100.4500-650

    Mutual support groups whose members are young people, men and/or women who are involved in prostitution, phone sex, nude dancing, pornography or other aspects of the sex industry. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; and allow participants to share their experience, strengths and hopes, recover from the effects of their former profession and put their lives back together.
  • Protection and Advocacy for Individuals With Disabilities (3)
    FT-1000.6600

    Protection and Advocacy for Individuals With Disabilities

    FT-1000.6600

    Programs that provide assistance for individuals with disabilities who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining the full benefits and services to which they are entitled by law. Included are federally mandated programs that are part of the formal protection and advocacy system which includes Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Developmental Disabilities (PADD), Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness (PAIMI), Protection and Advocacy for Individual Rights (PAIR) and the Client Assistance Program (CAP); and independent organizations that provide the same types of services. Protection and advocacy programs provide legal representation and other advocacy services, under federal and state laws, for all people with disabilities and endeavor to ensure full access to inclusive educational programs, financial entitlements, health care, accessible housing and productive employment opportunities. The programs maintain a presence in facilities that care for people with disabilities where they monitor, investigate and attempt to remedy adverse conditions. CAP agencies (many of which are housed within protection and advocacy offices) provide information and assistance for individuals seeking or receiving vocational rehabilitation services under the Rehabilitation Act, including assistance in pursuing administrative, legal and other appropriate remedies.
  • Protective Services for Animals (1)
    PD-7600

    Protective Services for Animals

    PD-7600

    Programs that provide a variety of services that shield domestic animals from harm in the form of cruelty, abuse, neglect or exploitation. Included are services for abandoned, lost or otherwise homeless animals and those who need to be rescued from dangerous situations.
  • Refugee Resettlement Services (7)
    PH-1450.7000

    Refugee Resettlement Services

    PH-1450.7000

    Government-appointed nonprofit organizations, frequently associated with the faith community, that provide resettlement services through a network of local affiliates for refugee populations designated by the U.S. Department of State. These organizations take the lead in helping newly arrived refugees or refugee families make an adjustment to their new home and community. Services provided by local affiliates may include reception for arriving refugees; provision of a "welcome kit" of immediate necessities; periodic visits with the family during the early days of their transition; collection and provision of household goods; cultural orientation and ESL classes; and assistance in locating housing and employment, using public transportation and identifying other needed services.
  • School System Advocacy (3)
    FT-8000

    School System Advocacy

    FT-8000

    Programs that assist families in their interactions with the school system which may include help with school registration, enrollment of children in special programs, intervention on behalf of students facing disciplinary action or expulsion and other activities which facilitate communication between families and school staff.
  • Self Representation Assistance (13)
    FP-8000

    Self Representation Assistance

    FP-8000

    Programs that train people to represent themselves in court when initiating or responding to a specific type of civil litigation.
  • Senior Advocacy Groups (6)
    TD-1600.3100-800

    Senior Advocacy Groups

    TD-1600.3100-800

    Organizations that support the passage and enforcement of laws and other social measures that protect and promote the rights and interests of older adults.
  • Senior Companion Program (1)
    ND-9200.8000-800

    Senior Companion Program

    ND-9200.8000-800

    Programs that provide part-time opportunities for low-income individuals age 60 and older to serve one-on-one with frail elderly and other homebound persons who have difficulty completing everyday tasks. They assist with grocery shopping, bill paying, and transportation to medical appointments, and alert doctors and family members to potential problems. Senior Companions also provide short periods of relief to primary caregivers. Senior companions receive a modest tax-free stipend for their work as well as reimbursement for transportation, annual physical examinations, meals, and accident and liability insurance during service. Local nonprofit organizations and public agencies receive grants to sponsor and operate Senior Companion projects. The Senior Companion Program is part of Senior Corps, a network of programs administered by the Corporation for National and Community Service.
  • Student Disability Services (21)
    HL-8120.7980

    Student Disability Services

    HL-8120.7980

    Programs that provide special assistance and accommodations that support the ability of students with visual, hearing, physical, emotional, learning or other disabilities to achieve their academic goals and participate in, contribute to and benefit from the institution's programs, services and activities.
  • Support Groups (4)
    PN-8100

    Support Groups

    PN-8100

    Autonomous groups of individuals who share a common problem or concern, either directly or through their partners and families, who meet together on a voluntary basis, either in-person, by telephone or via the Internet, to fulfill a need, overcome a disability or cope with a crisis. Members of mutual support groups share their experiences, strengths and hopes and rely on one another for emotional support, information and resources. Included are professionally-facilitated groups, faith-based and secular 12-step models with or without professional participation, groups that use a set of guidelines prepared by a national organization or headquarters, and groups that have no professional participation and/or no specifically-structured format.
  • System Advocacy (7)
    FP-0500.8000

    System Advocacy

    FP-0500.8000

    Programs that seek changes in community conditions, structures or institutions when modifications in the service delivery system as a whole are required to ensure the adequate availability of essential community services, to contribute to human growth and development and to prevent unwitting support of conditions which are injurious to individuals and families who are residents. The objective of system advocacy is to make changes that are required to benefit the community as a whole rather than focusing on the needs of a particular individual, family or group of residents.
  • Tenant Rights Information/Counseling (16)
    FT-4500.8550

    Tenant Rights Information/Counseling

    FT-4500.8550

    Programs that provide information and guidance for tenants who need to know their rights and responsibilities regarding leases and rental agreements, deposits, legal eviction procedures, measures to protect themselves from unlawful or retaliatory evictions, rent withholding rights, rent control requirements, privacy rights and other issues that may be of particular interest to tenants. Tenant rights counseling may also include assistance in completing forms, advice regarding a particular dispute and contact with the offending landlord to provide notification that she or he is not in compliance with landlord/tenant laws.
  • Veteran Benefits Assistance (27)
    FT-1000.9000

    Veteran Benefits Assistance

    FT-1000.9000

    Programs that provide assistance for veterans who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining the full benefits and services to which they are entitled by law based on service to their country. The programs may help veterans understand the eligibility criteria for benefits, the benefits provided by the program, the payment process and the rights of beneficiaries; provide consultation and advice; help them complete benefits application forms; negotiate on their behalf with U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs staff; and/or represent them in administrative processes or judicial litigation. Included are veteran rights organizations that offer a range of advocacy services as well as legal aid programs that offer more formalized legal assistance.
  • Veteran Membership Organizations (8)
    TD-1400.9000

    Veteran Membership Organizations

    TD-1400.9000

    Programs whose members are veterans who have joined together on a voluntary basis to promote mutual interests. Activities may include advocacy for the preservation and expansion of earned privileges and benefits, testimony before Congress on issues affecting veterans, awards and other measures for promoting appreciation of and recognition for veterans and their accomplishments, community service programs, and social activities for members. Some organizations may provide active support for the democratic principles of religious and political freedom; offer benefits such as health insurance, life insurance, credit cards and financial planning services for members; or maintain special burial funds to help indigent veterans and their families.
  • Weight Related Support Groups (2)
    PN-8100.0500-900

    Weight Related Support Groups

    PN-8100.0500-900

    Mutual support groups whose members are individuals who have a problem with compulsive eating, who eat the wrong foods or are people who are overweight and are using the group to develop self-esteem and self-confidence, and accept themselves as they are. Also included are groups that are structured specifically for or accept people who have a diagnosed eating disorder. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; provide emotional support, information and resources for those who participate; offer weight loss or weight gain support only, no special diets; and may include faith-based and secular 12-step groups as well as non-12 step groups.
  • Welfare Rights Assistance (11)
    FT-1000.9500

    Welfare Rights Assistance

    FT-1000.9500

    Programs that provide assistance for prospective or current public financial assistance recipients who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining the full benefits to which they are entitled by law under various income support entitlement programs. The programs may help people understand the eligibility criteria for benefits, how much they can work without affecting their benefits (for some programs), the benefits provided by the program, the payment process and the rights of beneficiaries; provide consultation and advice; help them complete benefits application forms; negotiate on their behalf with public assistance benefits staff; and/or represent them in administrative hearings or judicial litigation. Included are welfare rights organizations that offer a range of advocacy services as well as legal aid programs that offer more formalized legal assistance. Entitlement programs include (but are not limited to) General Relief (GR), Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), Food Stamps/SNAP, Medicaid, Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI).
  • Women's Support Groups (4)
    PN-8100.4500-900

    Women's Support Groups

    PN-8100.4500-900

    Mutual support groups whose members are women who want an opportunity to share their issues and concerns with other women in a safe, supportive environment. Meeting formats may include in-person, telephone or Internet options.
 
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