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Education & Professional Training

    Results: 127

  • Academic Counseling (11)
    HL-2500.0500

    Academic Counseling

    HL-2500.0500

    Programs that assist students in selecting a course of studies that is suited to their abilities, interests, future plans and general circumstances.
  • Adult Basic Education (23)
    HH-0500.0500

    Adult Basic Education

    HH-0500.0500

    Programs, usually offered by community adult schools or as evening classes at local high schools, that provide instruction in fundamental learning skills for adults who have never attended school or have interrupted formal schooling and need to raise their level of education to increase their self-confidence and/or prepare for an occupation. Emphasis is placed on basic reading, language and mathematics to strengthen functional skills in communication, computation and personal-social interaction.
  • Adult English as a Second Language Tests (2)
    HL-2000.0550

    Adult English as a Second Language Tests

    HL-2000.0550

    Programs that administer tests to assess the English proficiency skills of adults for whom English is a second language for the purpose of placing learners in appropriate instructional levels and measuring their ongoing progress. Assessment tools include commercially available tests that assess English literacy (reading and writing), listening and speaking skills, as well as classroom-based tools such as surveys, interviews, checklists, observation measures, teacher-developed tests, learner self-assessment and portfolios or other performance samples.
  • Adult Literacy Programs (11)
    HH-4500.0500

    Adult Literacy Programs

    HH-4500.0500

    Programs offered by a variety of organizations including regular and adult schools, libraries, correctional facilities, businesses and corporations that provide reading, writing, speaking, computation and/or problem solving skills for adults who cannot read or write at a functional level with the objective of ensuring that they have the skills necessary to find and keep decent jobs, support their children's education and participate actively in civic life.
  • Alternative Education (6)
    HD-0500

    Alternative Education

    HD-0500

    Educational programs at all levels within or outside the formal education system that provide innovative and flexible instruction, curriculums, grading systems, learning environments or degree requirements, a return to traditional educational values, or other alternatives to the ordinary system of instruction.
  • Arts and Crafts Instruction (6)
    PL-7400.0500

    Arts and Crafts Instruction

    PL-7400.0500

    Programs that provide classes, individual lessons or other opportunities for people who want to learn or perfect their skills and techniques in any of a variety of visual art forms or crafts.
  • Assistive Technology Training (7)
    LH-2700.0600

    Assistive Technology Training

    LH-2700.0600

    Programs that provide training for individuals who have physical or sensory limitations and/or for their caregivers which focuses on the care and utilization of the particular type of assistive technology product they require and changes the devices might require in their lives. Assistive technology training may deal with cognitive/learning aids, control and signaling aids, daily living aids, hearing augmentation aids, mobility aids, prosthetic/orthotic/seating devices, recreational aids, speech aids and/or visual aids.
  • Babysitting Instruction (3)
    JR-8200.1500-100

    Babysitting Instruction

    JR-8200.1500-100

    Programs that provide opportunities for young people to learn the basic skills and emergency procedures that are required for the care of infants and small children. Some programs provide certificates for individuals who successfully complete the course.
  • Better Business Bureaus (1)
    DD-2100.1000

    Better Business Bureaus

    DD-2100.1000

    Nonprofit organizations sponsored by private, local businesses which provide general information about products or services, reliability reports, background information regarding local businesses and records of the companies' complaint handling performances. Most Better Business Bureaus accept complaints against businesses and help to resolve disputes through mediation or binding arbitration utilizing volunteer arbitration panels.
  • Bicycle Safety Education (2)
    JR-8200.8500-100

    Bicycle Safety Education

    JR-8200.8500-100

    Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures that people can take to ensure their safety while riding bicycles. Bicycle safety programs provide information about traffic laws as they apply to bicyclists and warnings regarding the types of violations and other riding behaviors that most frequently result in accidents. Also included are programs that address the specific needs of people who use their bicycles to commute to work, ride to school or get to other destinations.
  • Bilingual Education (1)
    HH-1000

    Bilingual Education

    HH-1000

    Programs, usually within the formal education system, that offer content area instruction in two languages: the first language of students and the language of the majority culture. Attention is focused on developing the academic skills of minority students while they learn the language of the majority culture. Included are bilingual education programs that serve as a transition to instruction exclusively in the language of the majority culture and dual language instruction programs whose objective is to develop full literacy in both languages.
  • Braille Instruction (3)
    LR-1000

    Braille Instruction

    LR-1000

    Programs that teach people who are blind and other interested individuals to read and write using Braille, a system that uses raised dots to represent numerals and letters of the alphabet which can be identified by the fingers.
  • Business Associations (2)
    TN-1000

    Business Associations

    TN-1000

    Organizations whose members are business people, either operating their own companies or employed in organizations, who have affiliated for the purpose of promoting the general commercial interests of the community or the interests of their own trade.
  • Career Counseling (58)
    ND-2000.1500-160

    Career Counseling

    ND-2000.1500-160

    Programs that provide information and guidance for people who need to evaluate their aptitude, abilities and interests in order to choose a vocation or career and select the type of training that will enable them to obtain and progress in positions in the public or private sector that are productive and fulfilling.
  • Caregiver Counseling (6)
    RP-1400.8000-145

    Caregiver Counseling

    RP-1400.8000-145

    Programs that provide emotional support, information and guidance in individual and/or group settings for family members, friends, significant others, non-familial caregivers or attendants who are caring for someone who has a serious illness or disability or who is elderly and increasingly unable to provide for his or her own care, and are feeling overwhelmed by their responsibilities and the effect that their caregiving role has had on their lives.
  • Caregiver Training (11)
    PH-0800

    Caregiver Training

    PH-0800

    Programs that provide training for family members and other informal caregivers which focuses on care-related activities such as medication management, personal care and making the home environment safe and barrier-free as well as on stress management and other techniques to help the caregiver take care of him or herself. The focus of the training is on building the skills and capacity of the caregiver to manage their caregiving role. Some programs include a caregiver assessment, development of an individualized plan that focuses on the caregiver, setting goals and establishing a routine for ongoing support for the caregiver.
  • Charter Schools (2)
    HD-0500.1500

    Charter Schools

    HD-0500.1500

    Elementary or secondary schools that are operated by a nonprofit board under a contractual arrangement with a state education authority, public university, community college, intermediate school district or local school district. Charter schools can operate any combination of grades from kindergarten through 12th grade, can specialize in a specific subject area or approach, may be required to meet specialized accountability standards and/or to abide by the same laws and regulations that govern public schools, and cannot charge tuition.
  • Child Care Provider Training (2)
    JR-8200.1500-150

    Child Care Provider Training

    JR-8200.1500-150

    Programs that provide pre-service or in-service training for individuals entering or currently involved in the delivery of child care services in any of a variety of child care settings. The training may focus on the elements of a safe and healthy environment, childhood development, behavior management, inclusion of children with special needs and developmentally appropriate practices.
  • Child Passenger Safety Education (6)
    JR-8200.8500-150

    Child Passenger Safety Education

    JR-8200.8500-150

    Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures that people can take to protect children from preventable injuries and fatalities sustained in and around automobiles. Included are programs that provide information about laws which relate to the use of child passenger safety seats to restrain infants and young children who are riding as passengers in motor vehicles, which stress the importance of child passenger safety measures and/or which make available information about the relative merits of different types of child passenger safety seats; and those that address safety issues such as heat stroke, hypothermia, carbon monoxide poisoning, runaway vehicles, carjacking/abduction, trunk entrapment, self-release from car seat and other problems that may occur when young children are left unattended in a vehicle.
  • Childbirth Education (34)
    LJ-5000.1500

    Childbirth Education

    LJ-5000.1500

    Programs that offer classes or other educational experiences which prepare prospective mothers and their birth partners emotionally and physically for the labor and birth process. Topics covered include anatomy and physiology of birth, relaxation and breathing techniques, different types of labors, birthing/delivery options and postpartum care. Also included are programs that prepare other members of the family (grandparents and siblings) for the arrival of a new family member.
  • Citizenship Education (22)
    HH-0500.1500

    Citizenship Education

    HH-0500.1500

    Programs that prepare individuals to take the oath of U.S. citizenship and to exercise the attendant rights and responsibilities of citizenship. Citizenship courses help immigrants develop an understanding of and appreciation for American culture, institutions and ideals; and focus on important events in U.S. history, the Constitution and its historic background, and the organization, powers and duties of federal, state and local governments.
  • Citizenship Test Preparation (13)
    HL-8500.1400

    Citizenship Test Preparation

    HL-8500.1400

    Programs, which may be available via the Internet, that help people who have lived in the U.S. the requisite period of time prepare for the examination they must pass to become citizens. Practice questions may be available.
  • Classroom Training (9)
    ND-2000.3500-150

    Classroom Training

    ND-2000.3500-150

    Programs that offer employment related training courses, generally in a traditional classroom setting, which provide participants with the technical skills and information they need to perform a particular job or group of jobs. The training has a structured, defined curriculum and may feature lectures, demonstrations, simulations, role-playing, self-study and other similar activities. Classroom style training is also the primary format used for training in the "soft skills" that are required to get a job, stay employed and advance.
  • College/University Students (6)
    YG-8000.1500

    College/University Students

    YG-8000.1500

    Individuals who are enrolled in classes or courses of study in colleges or universities that are part of the formal education system.
  • Colleges/Universities (10)
    HD-6000.1300

    Colleges/Universities

    HD-6000.1300

    Postsecondary educational institutions that offer the highest possible level of formal learning in various fields and disciplines for people who meet entry level requirements and are interested in an advanced education. Included are public and private colleges and universities that offer a four year, undergraduate course of study, which award a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.S. or B. Sc.) degree to successful graduates; and those that offer postgraduate study at masters or doctorate levels in addition to an undergraduate program.
  • Communication Training (6)
    PH-6200.1500

    Communication Training

    PH-6200.1500

    Programs that help participants develop or refine their communication skills, usually by focusing on communication in a particular context, e.g., helping parents communicate with their children, helping professionals communicate with their clients and so forth. Training may emphasize active listening skills, problem-solving skills, conflict resolution techniques, body language, empathy, sensitivity to the values and/or cultural background of others, genuineness and other facets of the communication process.
  • Community Adult Schools (10)
    HD-6000.1400

    Community Adult Schools

    HD-6000.1400

    Public postsecondary educational institutions administered by local districts that provide learning opportunities for adults who want to learn new skills, prepare for a new career or advancement in their present job, earn an eighth grade or high school diploma, improve personal skills in English or another language, become a more knowledgeable consumer, or prepare to assume a more effective role as a participating member of the community.
  • Community Based Preschools (8)
    HD-1800.6500-150

    Community Based Preschools

    HD-1800.6500-150

    Privately operated, for-profit or nonprofit preschool programs based in community settings that have no specialized curriculum and are accessible to all children in the community. Activities generally include shape, color and number recognition; outdoor play; observation of nature and pets; fine and gross motor activities; pre-reading and pre-writing skills development; and opportunities for socialization. Community based preschools may offer half-day sessions (or less) that may be available to different groups of children on specific days of the week.
  • Community Colleges (35)
    HD-6000.1500

    Community Colleges

    HD-6000.1500

    Public postsecondary educational institutions, commonly organized into two-year programs, which offer instruction that has been adapted in content, level and schedule to meet the needs of the community in which they are located. Community colleges (also known as junior colleges) generally offer a comprehensive curriculum which includes basic liberal arts and sciences with transfer, occupational, general education and adult education components. The program awards an Associates in Arts (A.A.) certificate to those who successfully complete the requirements.
  • Computer and Related Technology Classes (62)
    PL-7400.1500

    Computer and Related Technology Classes

    PL-7400.1500

    Programs that provide instruction for individuals of all ages who want to learn about or perfect their skills in operating, programming and/or utilizing computers and computer-related hardware for specific home and business applications including word processing, spreadsheet development, presentation development, database management, electronic publishing, image processing and Internet access. Included are introductory classes for people unfamiliar with computers and the Internet that help participants develop basic computer literacy skills and courses that focus on the knowledge and skills needed to use particular software applications or accomplish other computer-related tasks. Also included are programs that provide instruction in the use of related technology such as PDA's and smartphones; and those that help participants understand and take full advantage of Internet tools broadly known as "social media" that enable people to create and share on the Internet content which may include text, images, video, audio and multimedia communications or other emerging applications that can be accessed via the computer. Classes may focus on publishing tools such as blogs, video logs (vlogs), photo sharing, podcasting (audio stories broadcast from the Web or downloaded to a computer or portable media players) or wikis (collaboratively edited Web pages); or introduce participants to social media in general.
  • Conflict Resolution Training (5)
    PH-6200.1550

    Conflict Resolution Training

    PH-6200.1550

    Programs that provide training for school children and others which teaches them techniques for resolving disagreements before they escalate to violence.
  • Consumer Education (7)
    DD-1800

    Consumer Education

    DD-1800

    Programs that utilize a wide variety of informational materials and techniques to increase the public's awareness of their rights and responsibilities as consumers of goods and services. The services may include information concerning federal and state consumer protection laws and regulatory agencies; advice regarding comparison shopping, use of consumer reports and buying guides, and other practices that help consumers make informed decisions and avoid problems before they occur; and education regarding the steps that need to be taken to resolve problems with unfair credit practices, defective products, shoddy repairs or workmanship or incompetent services.
  • Continuation High Schools (3)
    HH-1600.1500

    Continuation High Schools

    HH-1600.1500

    Secondary level programs that enable youth who have dropped out or been expelled from school to complete their formal education.
  • Continuing Education (18)
    HH-0500.1600

    Continuing Education

    HH-0500.1600

    Programs, usually offered as adjuncts to community college, college or university programs, that provide credit-granting and/or noncredit courses for adults who are seeking specific learning experiences on a part-time or short-term basis for personal, academic or occupational development.
  • CPR Instruction (7)
    LH-2700.2000-150

    CPR Instruction

    LH-2700.2000-150

    Programs that instruct the public in the appropriate techniques for prolonging the lives of victims of heart failure until emergency medical care can be provided. Included may be instruction in full CPR which combines rescue breaths with chest compressions (the best option in some emergencies, including those involving infants and children, drowning victims or people who collapse due to breathing problems) and/or hands only CPR which involves chest compressions only, no mouth to mouth contact. Hands only CPR is used in emergencies where someone suffers sudden cardiac arrest.
  • Cultural Awareness/Competencies Training (5)
    PH-6200.1700

    Cultural Awareness/Competencies Training

    PH-6200.1700

    Programs that offer workshops, discussion groups and other types of training which focus on the knowledge and interpersonal skills that participants need in order to work and live comfortably and effectively with people of differing cultural backgrounds. Cultural awareness training typically helps participants clarify their own values and attitudes and understand how these condition their expectations of and reactions to others. Training which addresses cross-cultural competencies focuses on the similarities and differences between two (or more) cultures and helps participants understand the perspectives, customs, history, use of language and other aspects of the other culture in order to help prevent cultural differences from becoming barriers to communication and interaction.
  • Dance Instruction (8)
    PL-7400.1700

    Dance Instruction

    PL-7400.1700

    Programs that provide classes or individual lessons for people who want to learn or perfect their skills, grace, rhythm, coordination and individual expression when executing or participating in any of a number of different dance forms.
  • Disability Awareness Programs (5)
    PH-6200.1850

    Disability Awareness Programs

    PH-6200.1850

    Programs that offer workshops, discussion groups, activities and other types of training that sensitize participants to people with disabilities, help them experience what it is like to have a disability, and share techniques for positive communication and interaction with people who have disabilities.
  • Dropout Programs (1)
    HH-1600

    Dropout Programs

    HH-1600

    Programs that provide educational services for students who have been suspended or expelled from school or have left school for other reasons prior to receiving a diploma; or which seek to prevent students of compulsory school age from skipping classes, being suspended or expelled for disruptive behavior, failing or maintaining a low grade point average, or dropping out of school.
  • Early Childhood Education (90)
    HD-1800

    Early Childhood Education

    HD-1800

    Programs that provide educational activities and experiences for children from birth to age five which are intended to foster social, physical, emotional and intellectual growth and prepare them for further formal learning.
  • Economic Self Sufficiency Programs (3)
    PH-2360.2000

    Economic Self Sufficiency Programs

    PH-2360.2000

    Programs that assist low-income single parents, teen parents, displaced homemakers, public assistance recipients or other targeted individuals and families to achieve economic independence and long-term stability through an integrated group of services which may include education and job training, microenterprise development, mentoring services, life skills training, personal enrichment classes, counseling services, parenting skills development, legal assistance, housing assistance, child care and transportation assistance, information and referral and advocacy. The services may be delivered using an intensive case management model which involves assignment of a case manager, development of an individualized case plan and assessment of progress in meeting agreed upon goals and objectives.
  • Educational Grants (3)
    HL-8000.1830

    Educational Grants

    HL-8000.1830

    Programs that enable students who can demonstrate financial need to obtain cash awards (which do not need to be repaid) to help support the cost of their education. Included are Pell Grants and Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants which are funded by the state, and Grants-in-Aid (GIAs) which are usually made available by the educational institution.
  • Employment Preparation (5)
    ND-2000

    Employment Preparation

    ND-2000

    Programs that provide assistance for people who need information, guidance and/or training in specific job-related skills to make appropriate occupational choices and secure and retain positions that effectively utilize their abilities.
  • English as a Second Language (32)
    HH-0500.8000-150

    English as a Second Language

    HH-0500.8000-150

    Programs that offer opportunities for non-English-speaking and limited-English-speaking adults to learn listening, speaking, reading and writing skills with an emphasis on developing the level of communication competence that is essential for adults who are living in a setting in which English is the primary language. Also included are programs that provide English language instruction for younger people.
  • Entrepreneurial Training (5)
    TB-0900.0650-200

    Entrepreneurial Training

    TB-0900.0650-200

    Programs that provide intensive training in business management skills for individuals who want to start their own business or who are operating a fledgling business. The training addresses topics such as how to establish a business, how to obtain necessary permits and licenses, how to arrange for insurance coverage, how to write a business plan, and how to run a successful business. Entrepreneurship is the process of creating a business idea and turning it into a thriving enterprise.
  • Family Life Education (1)
    PH-6200.2000

    Family Life Education

    PH-6200.2000

    Programs that offer educational workshops that cover a range of family-living issues and help participants develop the knowledge and skills they will need to better handle life transitions and crises, improve overall self-esteem, promote growth, strengthen coping mechanisms and avert situations that can lead to family dysfunction. Topics may include parenting and step parenting skills, human growth and development over a life span, the physiological and psychological aspects of human sexuality, communication skills, couple and family relations, stress management, intergenerational issues, elder care, family and community relations, family and work relations, the impact of money and time management on daily family life, personal development, self-discovery and self-motivation. Family life education programs are offered by a wide variety of organizations including social and community service agencies, hospitals, schools and after-school programs, employee assistance programs or wellness programs in business organizations, learning centers and religious institutions.
  • Family Psychoeducation (5)
    RR-5150.2000

    Family Psychoeducation

    RR-5150.2000

    Programs that provide information for psychiatric patients and their families about the individual's diagnosis; the meaning of specific symptoms; what is known about the causes, effects and implications of the problem; treatment and/or management options; and how to recognize signs of relapse so they can seek necessary assistance before their difficulty worsens or occurs again. People work towards recovery by developing better skills for overcoming everyday problems and illness-related issues, developing social support and improving communication with treatment providers. Family psychoeducation includes teaching coping strategies and problem-solving skills to families, friends and/or caregivers to help them deal more effectively with the individual. It improves the knowledge patients and their families have; provides a greater understanding of the importance and benefits of medication; and reduces distress, confusion and anxiety within the family which may, in turn, help the individual's recovery. It is not considered therapy or treatment but rather is designed to stand alone or complement psychotherapy.
  • Food Safety Education (2)
    JR-8200.2350

    Food Safety Education

    JR-8200.2350

    Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures people can take when they shop for, store, prepare, cook, defrost or reheat food to reduce the risk of foodborne illness. Topics may include proper storage and cooking temperatures, avoidance of cross-contamination, the importance of hand washing and disinfecting kitchen surfaces, safe thawing practices, prompt refrigeration of leftovers, condiment safety, animal drugs and feeds, food irradiation, bioengineered fruit and produce, dietary supplements, food allergies, food colors and additives, fat and sugar substitutes, pesticides and other contaminants, food concerns during pregnancy and tips regarding specific foods with known risk factors. Food safety education programs may target school children; consumers; or food service workers, managers, cooks, bartenders, servers and dishwashers in restaurants, hotels, schools, child care centers, long-term care facilities and other establishments that prepare and serve food.
  • GED/High School Equivalency Test Instruction (23)
    HH-0500.2500-250

    GED/High School Equivalency Test Instruction

    HH-0500.2500-250

    Programs that provide instruction for adults and eligible minors who have elected to take a series of tests which measure the extent to which they have gained the knowledge, skills and understanding ordinarily acquired through a high school education. Instruction and testing focus on writing, social studies, science, reading and mathematics. Individuals who pass the tests receive a high school equivalency certificate.
  • GED/High School Equivalency Test Sites (6)
    HH-0500.2500-270

    GED/High School Equivalency Test Sites

    HH-0500.2500-270

    Programs that administer the writing, social studies, science, reading and mathematics examinations that adults and eligible minors who have not completed their formal education can take to obtain a high school equivalency certificate. Included are programs that administer the General Educational Development (GED) test, a joint venture of the American Council on Education and Pearson, the HiSET test developed by Educational Testing Service (ETS), the Test Assessing Secondary Completion (TASC) developed by CTB/McGraw-Hill and other tests that can serve as the equivalent of a high school degree.
  • General Health Education Programs (160)
    LH-2700.2500

    General Health Education Programs

    LH-2700.2500

    Programs that provide information that helps the public make choices which promote personal health, prevent illness and disability, take advantage of opportunities for early detection, and support their ability to deal effectively with health problems when they arise. General health education programs provide information about a wide variety of health related topics rather than specializing in a particular area.
  • General Mental Health Information/Education (36)
    RR-5150.2500

    General Mental Health Information/Education

    RR-5150.2500

    Programs that improve the public's understanding of mental health and mental illness and help people make choices which promote personal mental health, take advantage of opportunities for early detection, develop an awareness of available treatment options and support their ability to deal with mental health problems when they arise. General mental health information/education programs provide information about a wide variety of mental health related diagnoses rather than specializing in a particular area; and may develop and disseminate materials whose objective is to dispel misconceptions about the nature of mental illness, marshal support for people who have a psychiatric disability or behavioral issue and help to remove the stigma that is often associated with mental illness.
  • Graduation Requirements Programs (2)
    HH-0500.2500

    Graduation Requirements Programs

    HH-0500.2500

    Programs, usually offered by community adult schools, that provide opportunities for adults and eligible minors who have not completed their formal education to earn eighth grade or high school diplomas or the equivalents.
  • Health Education (7)
    LH-2700

    Health Education

    LH-2700

    Programs that provide information that improves the public's understanding of living and working conditions and other factors that safeguard their health and prevent or reduce the risk of injury, disease, disability and premature death. Health education programs help people make informed decisions about matters which affect their personal health and the health of others. They inform the public of health and safety hazards, help people modify behaviors that compromise their health, encourage people to take advantage of early detection programs and provide information about treatment and rehabilitation options for people who have an illness, injury or disability. They also provide anticipatory information or guidance to help people deal with and understand specific medical procedures, being hospitalized or other necessary interfaces with the health care system.
  • Home Based Parenting Education (21)
    PH-6100.3300

    Home Based Parenting Education

    PH-6100.3300

    Programs that visit the homes of parents who want to acquire the knowledge and skills to be effective in their parenting role and provide parenting education services in the family setting. The programs may focus on teen parents; parents who need to develop skills to handle a difficult child; families who want to learn school-readiness activities to share with their child; individuals for whom parenting is a new experience; families at risk for child abuse, neglect or out-of-home placement; or others who have issues that are most effectively resolved in the home environment.
  • Homeless School Transition Programs (1)
    HH-3000

    Homeless School Transition Programs

    HH-3000

    Programs offered by schools or school districts that seek to stabilize the educational experience of homeless children by identifying a school that they will attend on a consistent basis throughout the year regardless of the family's current location and by offering the supportive services they need to succeed in their educational endeavors. Included may be transportation between specified community shelter facilities and the child's school; clothing that is appropriate for a school environment; books and other educational materials; and special classes that help the homeless child deal with issues such as personal hygiene and health care in a homeless setting. The goal of the program is to transition the child into mainstream education.
  • Homeschooling (1)
    HD-0500.3000

    Homeschooling

    HD-0500.3000

    A formal program of primary and secondary education that is provided by parents who are licensed to teach their children in the home. Licensing is not required in all jurisdictions. However, it is generally mandatory for parents to closely follow the approved study outlines and home schooled children are tested according to the guidelines prevailing within the local public school system.
  • Homework Help Programs (40)
    HL-8700.3000

    Homework Help Programs

    HL-8700.3000

    Programs that answer specific questions regarding grammar, mathematics or other areas of study or help students with homework assignments. Included are telephone hotlines, online assistance and in-person programs offered by the school following regularly scheduled classes or by community centers, libraries or other similar types of organizations.
  • Independent Living Skills Instruction (34)
    LR-3200

    Independent Living Skills Instruction

    LR-3200

    Programs that assist people who have disabilities to learn the basic skills of daily living through individual and group counseling and instruction, experience and practice in coping with real or simulated life situational demands; or through the use of assistive devices, special equipment and specialized assistants. Services include but are not limited to training in the ability to travel about the community alone; to live independently in a private residence; to maintain health through self-care and use of medical services; to live within personal income; to maintain acceptable grooming and appearance; to deal with legal, family or social problems; and to cope with other requirements for successful independent living.
  • Job Banks (6)
    ND-3500.3500-340

    Job Banks

    ND-3500.3500-340

    Programs that maintain lists of current employment opportunities submitted by employers and which are available for review by people who are searching for a position. Included are programs that post job notices on bulletin boards which are available to the public as well as those that maintain computerized or other listings.
  • Job Clubs (10)
    ND-2000.6500-320

    Job Clubs

    ND-2000.6500-320

    Programs that sponsor support groups for job seekers which provide opportunities for participants to discuss job readiness skills, resume writing and interview techniques; engage in role plays of job interviews; share information about current employment opportunities relevant to the skills and interests of the group; and discuss and resolve specific barriers to employment that individual members are encountering. The objective of job clubs is to help individual members find employment more quickly and possibly at higher salaries than they could have obtained on their own through a structured support system and a systematic approach to job seeking.
  • Job Development (19)
    ND-3400

    Job Development

    ND-3400

    Programs that seek out and create employment opportunities in various fields for people who need work. Activities may include collecting and distributing information about job opportunities and/or prospective changes in the demand for specific occupations, encouraging potential employers to create jobs, informing employers of available personnel and other comprehensive or targeted efforts to generate new job prospects.
  • Job Finding Assistance (1)
    ND-3500

    Job Finding Assistance

    ND-3500

    Programs that help people identify and secure paid employment opportunities that match their aptitude, qualifications, experience and interests.
  • Job Information (11)
    ND-3500.3500

    Job Information

    ND-3500.3500

    Programs that maintain lists of available employment opportunities that people who are searching for a position can access.
  • Job Interview Training (38)
    ND-2000.6500-340

    Job Interview Training

    ND-2000.6500-340

    Programs that provide individual or group training for people who want to learn to be effective in job interview situations.
  • Job Readiness (33)
    ND-2000.6500-360

    Job Readiness

    ND-2000.6500-360

    Programs that provide individual or group training for people who want to learn the behaviors and techniques that are required for job retention. The training addresses regular attendance, punctuality, appropriate dress, adapting to supervision, employee rights and responsibilities and other similar topics. Included are job readiness programs for people who are seeking employment and postemployment programs that help people keep their job.
  • Job Search Resource Centers (18)
    ND-3500.3700

    Job Search Resource Centers

    ND-3500.3700

    Facilities that provide space for people who are looking for work. Amenities may include computers, resume writing software programs, printers, fax machines, telephones, and email addresses and voicemail/message taking services to ensure that prospective employers are able to contact job seekers.
  • Job Search Techniques (40)
    ND-2000.6500-380

    Job Search Techniques

    ND-2000.6500-380

    Programs that provide individual or group training for people who want to learn general strategies or specific techniques for looking for work which may include use of newspapers and Internet listings to identify job opportunities, networking strategies utilizing friends and professional acquaintances and use of professional organizations, executive search firms, employment agencies and community organizations that post job vacancies or provide job search/placement services.
  • Job Search/Placement (77)
    ND-3500.3600

    Job Search/Placement

    ND-3500.3600

    Programs that maintain listings of available employment opportunities and assign a staff member to help people who are searching for a position to choose and obtain the most suitable option.
  • Job Training Formats (28)
    ND-2000.3500

    Job Training Formats

    ND-2000.3500

    Programs that offer apprenticeships, training through business practice firms, classroom training, internships, on-the-job training, work experience or other formats for training that prepares people for specific types of employment. The training may feature formal instruction in an institutional classroom setting, hands-on experience at a job site under varying arrangements or a combination of the two as the means by which trainees acquire the skills required to perform the job.
  • Language Interpretation (4)
    PH-3500.4500

    Language Interpretation

    PH-3500.4500

    Programs that offer the services of trained bilingual individuals who are usually proficient in English and one or more foreign languages to help people whose command of English is inadequate to communicate their needs.
  • Law Enforcement Education/Information (2)
    FR-4500

    Law Enforcement Education/Information

    FR-4500

    Programs whose primary purpose is to provide information to the public about police procedures and specific crime prevention and other law enforcement programs that are designed to protect the community.
  • Leadership Development (35)
    PH-6200.4500

    Leadership Development

    PH-6200.4500

    Programs that provide opportunities for individuals of all ages to develop their leadership and management skills through participation in activities which require planning a workscope, organizing ways to achieve planned objectives, motivating members to complete tasks they have agreed to perform and evaluating the group's progress; or through training which addresses these skills.
  • Life Skills Education (18)
    PH-6200.4600

    Life Skills Education

    PH-6200.4600

    Programs that offer training which focuses on the knowledge and skills an individual may need to live independently or make a successful transition to independent living. Participants may include runaway youth who are living on their own, youth who because of age can no longer be maintained in foster care, new widows, victims of domestic abuse, people who have previously been homeless, and others who have lived in an environment in which decision making and responsibilities of daily living have been handled by another as well as people currently living independently who want to be more effective. Training may address job search and retention, money management, insurance, taxes, rental agreements, vehicle purchase, nutrition, home management, health care, legal emancipation for teens and other similar topics.
  • Lifelong Learning Programs (1)
    HH-0500.1600-450

    Lifelong Learning Programs

    HH-0500.1600-450

    Community-based educational programs designed for adults who commute and take courses on a semester basis. Lifelong learning classes are sponsored by Institutes for Learning in Retirement (ILRs). Most ILRs are sponsored by a college or university and offer non-credit academic programs with no attached Continuing Education Credits. A lifelong learning program is structured like a typical college program with regular semesters and often homework. While some lifelong learning programs are restricted to seniors, others are open to adults of any age.
  • Literacy Programs (1)
    HH-4500

    Literacy Programs

    HH-4500

    Programs that provide reading and writing instruction for individuals of all ages who are unable to read or write at a functional level. Some programs interpret literacy more broadly and also help people develop speaking, computation and problem solving skills with the objective of ensuring that they develop levels of proficiency they will need to become self sufficient and function well in society.
  • Migrant Education Programs (7)
    HH-5000

    Migrant Education Programs

    HH-5000

    Programs that provide formal supplementary learning activities and experiences for school age children who travel with their families from one temporary residence to another to enable family members to secure temporary or seasonable employment.
  • Military Transition Assistance Programs (15)
    TM-5200

    Military Transition Assistance Programs

    TM-5200

    Programs that provide guidance and information regarding benefits, services and outplacement assistance for active duty separtees and retirees and their family members returning to civilian life with the objective of making the transition as smooth and stress-free as possible. Services may include benefits counseling, employment search and placement assistance, relocation services, financial planning assistance, eligibility information regarding medical and dental insurance coverage and other forms of assistance to facilitate adjustment to civilian life. Special employment transition assistance includes certification of job skills and experience; information about applying active duty job skills and experience to private sector employment; information about geographic areas of relocation including the labor market and cost of living; identification and location of employment and training opportunities; instruction in resume preparation, job analysis and interview techniques; and information about loans and grants to facilitate acquisition of employment. Also included are programs that help National Guard and Reserve personnel who have been activated for deployment resolve issues pertaining to duty requirements and employment benefits.
  • Naturalization Support/Legal Services (4)
    FT-3600.6000

    Naturalization Support/Legal Services

    FT-3600.6000

    Programs that assist in filing applications by lawful permanent residents who have been in that status for at least five years (or three years if married to a U.S. citizen), who meet other eligibility requirements and who wish to become naturalized U.S. citizens. Applicants must pass a citizenship examination to determine whether they can speak and read English and have a knowledge of the fundamentals of American government, history and the Constitution; and must take an oath of allegiance to the United States.
  • Nonpublic Special Schools (3)
    HH-8000.6000

    Nonpublic Special Schools

    HH-8000.6000

    Private educational institutions at preschool, elementary or secondary levels that are established for the purpose of providing educational services for children with disabilities. Included are special residential schools as well as private special day schools. Parents may place a child with a disability in the private school of their choice at public expense if the district cannot provide an appropriate educational program for that child.
  • Nutrition Education (140)
    LH-2700.6000

    Nutrition Education

    LH-2700.6000

    Programs that provide information concerning the basic principles of healthful eating, food handling, food preparation and shopping skills. Included is information about the basic food groups, vitamin and mineral requirements, the relationship of nutrition to the preservation of good health and the prevention of illness, and dietary choices such as vegetarianism.
  • On the Job Training (9)
    ND-2000.3500-630

    On the Job Training

    ND-2000.3500-630

    Programs that identify public or private sector employers that are willing to take on trainees who learn to perform the tasks that are associated with their position at the work site using the actual tools, equipment, documents and materials that they will use when fully trained. OJT trainees work under the supervision of skilled employees who serve as instructors following a training plan established by the employee, the employer and an external agency, if matching wages are being paid by that agency; and are engaged in productive work and earn a wage as they are trained. Employers may be offered cash training reimbursements (subsidized wages) or other incentives to hire difficult-to-employ individuals and are generally expected to hire the trainees upon successful completion of the training.
  • Orientation and Mobility Training (2)
    LR-6400

    Orientation and Mobility Training

    LR-6400

    Programs that help people who are blind or who have visual impairments develop the fundamental spatial concepts and skills that are necessary for maximum mobility and independent living. Instruction focuses on moving safely and purposefully in the school, home or community environment; and usually includes procedures for street crossings, travel in unfamiliar areas, utilization of public transportation, and appropriate use of aids such as sighted guides or canes. Training for persons who want to acquire the skills to be a sighted guide may also be provided.
  • Parent/Family Involvement in Education (1)
    HL-3010.6500

    Parent/Family Involvement in Education

    HL-3010.6500

    Programs that promote parent, family and community involvement in helping children succeed in school. Using a variety of involvement models, these programs encourage parents to support their children's schooling by working directly with their children on learning activities in the home and serving as an advocate for better education in their community. Parents are encouraged to model desirable behavior (e.g., reading for pleasure), discuss school matters at home, arrange for appropriate study space, organize and monitor their children's time, check homework on a regular basis, tutor their children at home, help older students make postsecondary plans and select courses which support these plans, advocate for their children when required, attend school functions, discuss their children's progress with teachers, join the PTA, vote in school board elections, attend school board meetings and, where possible, volunteer to help with school activities, work in the classroom and/or take an active role in governance and decision making about school programs at the community, state or national level.
  • Parenting Education (100)
    PH-6100

    Parenting Education

    PH-6100

    Programs that provide classes, workshops or other educational opportunities for parents or potential parents who want to acquire the knowledge and skills to be effective in their parenting role.
  • Personal Enrichment (1)
    PH-6200

    Personal Enrichment

    PH-6200

    Programs that provide assistance for people who want to enhance their lives and achieve their potential as individuals through analysis of life goals, evaluation of lifestyles and relationships, elimination of unnecessary stress and modification of behavior and attitudes to facilitate achievement of personal objectives.
  • Personal Safety Education (1)
    JR-8200.6500

    Personal Safety Education

    JR-8200.6500

    Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures that people can take to ensure their personal safety while engaging in specific activities that may put them at risk of accident or injury.
  • Prejob Guidance (13)
    ND-2000.6500

    Prejob Guidance

    ND-2000.6500

    Programs that provide instruction for people who need to acquire the basic "soft skills" and tools that are required to successfully apply for and secure employment, and retain a position once they have been hired. These programs provide information and guidance regarding preparing a resume, writing job application letters, completing job application questionnaires, responding to job ads and taking employment tests; offer tips regarding appropriate dress, personal appearance and interview techniques; and address other similar topics.
  • Prevocational Training (10)
    ND-2000.6600

    Prevocational Training

    ND-2000.6600

    Programs that provide individual and group instruction and/or counseling for individuals with disabilities (including mental health issues) who need to develop physical and emotional tolerance for work demands and pressures; acquire personal-social behaviors that will allow them to get along with employers and co-workers on the job; and develop the basic manual, academic and communications skills that are needed to acquire basic job skills.
  • Problem Solving/Decision Making Skills Development (1)
    TP-6650.6500

    Problem Solving/Decision Making Skills Development

    TP-6650.6500

    Programs that offer workshops or other forms of training or support which help executive staff, managers and supervisors in nonprofit organizations, small businesses or other groups develop effective problem solving and decision making skills. Topics may include problem definition, problem analysis, decision analysis, associated risks and opportunities and problem solving tools and techniques. Participants learn to maximize their critical thinking skills, systematically organize and prioritize information, set objectives, evaluate alternatives, and analyze their impact.
  • Professional Continuing Education (5)
    HH-0500.1600-650

    Professional Continuing Education

    HH-0500.1600-650

    Programs, usually offered as adjuncts to community college, college or university programs but also through other community organizations that have made arrangements with an educational institution to grant continuing education credits (CEU's), that provide courses which focus on improving the professional skills of participants. Students receive no academic credit for their work but may be able to use earned credits to advance in their careers.
  • Public Awareness/Education (4)
    TJ-6500

    Public Awareness/Education

    TJ-6500

    Programs that utilize a wide variety of materials including pamphlets and other literature, media presentations, speakers, workshops, directories, newsletters and outreach and prevention programs to make the public aware of the human service needs of the community, the resources that are available to meet those needs, and the issues which are relevant to specific social problems and the measures that have been proposed for their solution.
  • Remedial Education (1)
    HH-7000

    Remedial Education

    HH-7000

    Programs that are designed to develop specific cognitive skills, usually in the language arts and mathematics, from a deficient level to one that is appropriate to the educational level and aspirations of a particular student. Diagnostic testing to determine the nature and extent of the problem may also be included.
  • Residential Special Schools (1)
    HH-8000.6000-700

    Residential Special Schools

    HH-8000.6000-700

    Educational institutions at elementary and secondary levels that provide special education services for children with disabilities who are in residence while enrolled in the instructional program.
  • Safer Sex Education (5)
    LJ-8000.8000

    Safer Sex Education

    LJ-8000.8000

    Programs that provide information regarding practices that reduce the risk of an individual contracting a disease, including AIDS, through sexual activity.
  • Scholarships (2)
    HL-8000.8000

    Scholarships

    HL-8000.8000

    Programs that provide or assist students to apply for awards which usually involve money and/or reduced tuition. Included are both needs-based scholarships which are awarded to outstanding students who are in financial need and honorary scholarships which are awarded on the basis of merit alone and normally carry a nominal monetary award. Scholarship funds come from many sources including private endowments, alumni contributions, college or university funds, individual departments or outside organizations.
  • School Placement Services (2)
    HL-2500.7800

    School Placement Services

    HL-2500.7800

    Programs that maintain lists of elementary and secondary schools and provide assistance for prospective students who need help in selecting an educational facility that is appropriate for their individual needs and interests. Included are programs that provide lists of available schools as well as those that help parents and students evaluate their options and make a choice.
  • School Readiness Programs (6)
    HD-1800.8000

    School Readiness Programs

    HD-1800.8000

    Programs sponsored by states, local municipalities or local nonprofits that prepare children, usually age three to five, to succeed in school. The programs are modeled on Head Start/Better Beginnings/Brighter Futures programs and are compensatory in nature targeting children from low income families or those who have or are at risk for a disability and who may have special needs. Services may include comprehensive development screenings, active learning, parent education programs, family activities, early literacy exercises, home visits and healthy snacks during the school day. In some instances, the programs are entirely home-based and focus on providing materials, instruction and support that enable the parent to prepare their child for entering school. Occasionally, the programs refer to short acclimatization sessions to make new pupils familiar with the school and classroom environment before the formal start of the school year.
  • School Safety Education (1)
    JR-8200.8000

    School Safety Education

    JR-8200.8000

    Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures that people can take to improve the safety of children while they are at school. School safety programs provide information about school playground safety, safety in halls and classrooms and emergency procedures in case of a fire, earthquake or other disaster that may occur while children are in school.
  • Self Defense Training (1)
    FN-1500.8100

    Self Defense Training

    FN-1500.8100

    Programs that offer physical conditioning exercises and teach participants the basic moves of self-defense including how to kick, strike, punch, block, fall and escape from a variety of holds. Techniques from one or more or the martial arts may be included.
  • Self Esteem Workshops (6)
    PH-6200.7800

    Self Esteem Workshops

    PH-6200.7800

    Programs that offer workshops, discussion groups and other types of training which focus on helping participants develop a sense of self-worth and importance as a means of strengthening their character, supporting their ability to resist peer pressure and helping them to act more responsibly toward others.
  • Self Help Instruction (1)
    LR-7800

    Self Help Instruction

    LR-7800

    Programs that teach children and/or adults with developmental or other disabilities fundamental self-care skills including bowel and bladder control, the use of utensils and drinking cups for eating and drinking, personal hygiene and dressing skills.
  • Sign Language Instruction (5)
    LR-8000.0500-800

    Sign Language Instruction

    LR-8000.0500-800

    Programs that provide instruction in visual/manual communication systems that use hand shapes, facial expressions, and other body movements as alternatives to oral and written communication, particularly within the deaf community. Included are programs that teach preverbal infants and toddlers to use sign language as a way of communicating their needs.
  • Small Business Development (12)
    TB-0900.8000-800

    Small Business Development

    TB-0900.8000-800

    Programs that provide technical assistance, venture capital, loans, loan guarantees or other forms of support for individuals or groups who want to establish or expand the operation of a small business enterprise or venture. Also included are organizations whose purpose is to protect the interests of small businesses and assure that they receive a fair share of government purchases, government contracts, subcontracts and sales of government property.
  • Social Skills Training (7)
    PH-6200.8300

    Social Skills Training

    PH-6200.8300

    Programs that provide training in social interaction skills for young children, youth and/or adults with the objective of helping them overcome shyness or aggressiveness, engage in constructive play or other group activities, develop positive peer relationships and feel comfortable in both business and social situations. Sessions may focus on politeness, cooperation, negotiation, problem solving, taking turns, sharing, winning and losing, sportsmanship, body language, eye contact, using appropriate language, telephone manners, peer situations, consequences of actions and initiating, conducting and concluding conversations.
  • Special Education (16)
    HH-8000

    Special Education

    HH-8000

    Programs that provide educational services including special placement and individualized programming, instruction and/or support services for exceptional children, youth and/or adults, including those who have hearing impairments, visual impairments, physical disabilities, learning disabilities, intellectual disabilities and/or other developmental disabilities, emotional disturbance, multiple disabilities or speech or language impairments and who need appropriately modified curricula, teaching methodologies and instructional materials in order to learn. Services may include the development, in partnership with the child's parents, of an individualized educational plan to meet the child's needs and the implementation and review at least annually of each child's plan to determine progress and future needs.
  • Special Education Advocacy (3)
    FT-8000.8000

    Special Education Advocacy

    FT-8000.8000

    Programs that work to ensure that children and youth with disabilities receive a free, appropriate, public education often by providing assistance for parents who need support in seeking and obtaining needed early intervention, educational, medical or therapeutic services for their children.
  • Special Education Assessment (4)
    HL-2000.8000

    Special Education Assessment

    HL-2000.8000

    Programs offered by the schools or available through public or private agencies that assess children who have been referred for the presence of a disability in order to determine their eligibility for special education and related services, and to make an informed decision about their educational placement and instruction. Information about a student's skills and needs is drawn from many sources including parents, teachers and specialists, and by using a variety of assessment approaches such as observations, interviews and testing, and methods such as dynamic assessment or ecological assessment. Included are evaluations which measure the student's social-emotional growth; independent living skills; sensorimotor, language and intellectual functioning; hearing and visual acuity; articulation and fluency; and other factors which have an effect on the student's ability to learn.
  • Special Needs Job Development (4)
    ND-3400.8000

    Special Needs Job Development

    ND-3400.8000

    Programs that seek out and create job opportunities in various fields for individuals with special needs, limitations and abilities. Activities may include development of jobs that can be done in a home setting; development of markets for crafts and other items produced in the home; and identification of other work projects of benefit to the community that individuals with special needs, limitations and abilities are uniquely qualified to pursue.
  • Special Preschools (3)
    HD-1800.6500-870

    Special Preschools

    HD-1800.6500-870

    Programs that provide educational experiences and activities that are especially designed to meet the needs of young children who are at risk for disabilities or who have been identified as having a disability and who would benefit from a structured preschool setting which focuses on social, emotional and physical development in addition to pre-academic skills. Services generally include an assessment of the child's strengths and weaknesses and the development and implementation of an individualized plan to help the child develop confidence, self-esteem and appropriate social skills.
  • Stress Management (26)
    PH-6200.8400

    Stress Management

    PH-6200.8400

    Programs that utilize a variety of techniques including demonstration, exercise and discussion to help participants increase their understanding of the conditions and habits that lead to stress, to learn more about the effects of stress on the body, to identify the stressors in their own lives, and to develop better ways of reducing or managing stress in their personal relationships and work environment. The program may include instruction in and practice of physical exercises, relaxation techniques and other mechanisms for coping with stress.
  • Student Counseling Services (1)
    HL-8120.7950

    Student Counseling Services

    HL-8120.7950

    Programs, usually within the formal education system at elementary, secondary and post-secondary levels, that provide information and guidance on an individual or group basis for students, including students with disabilities, who are experiencing personal, interpersonal or family problems such as substance abuse, loss of a family member or friend, divorce of a parent, personal and sexual relationships issues, dealing with bullies; or problems that arise as a part of school or university life such as test-taking anxiety, fear of oral examinations or participating in classroom discussions, tension or inexpressiveness in difficult interviews or procrastination in studying.
  • Student Organizations (1)
    HL-8120.8100

    Student Organizations

    HL-8120.8100

    Student activity and co-curricular programs that provide opportunities for participants to explore interests, develop abilities and utilize talents in working with other students and staff.
  • Subject Specific Public Awareness/Education (3)
    TJ-6500.8500

    Subject Specific Public Awareness/Education

    TJ-6500.8500

    Programs that use any of a wide variety of materials to educate the public about issues that relate to a particular field or topic.
  • Summer School Programs (1)
    HH-8300

    Summer School Programs

    HH-8300

    A program of instruction offered during the summer by a school, college or university which enables students to accelerate their progress toward a degree or diploma or to make up credits lost through absence or failure.
  • Supported Employment (9)
    ND-6500.8120

    Supported Employment

    ND-6500.8120

    Programs that find paid, meaningful work in a variety of community-based settings for people who have disabilities and which assign a "job coach" to work side-by-side with each client to interface with the employer and other employees, and provide training in basic job skills and work-related behaviors, assistance with specific tasks as needed and whatever other initial or ongoing support is required to ensure that the individual retains competitive employment. Included are individual placement models in which a job coach works on-the-job with a single individual and group models such as enclaves (which are self-contained work units of people needing support) and mobile work crews, in which a group of workers with disabilities receives continuous support and supervision from supported employment personnel. In the enclave model, groups of people with disabilities are trained to work as a team alongside employees in the host business supported by a specially trained on-site supervisor, who may work either for the host company or the placement agency. A variation of the enclave approach is called the "dispersed enclave" and is used in service industries (e.g., restaurants and hotels). Each person works on a separate job, and the group is dispersed throughout the company. In the mobile work crew model, a small team of people with disabilities works as a self-contained business and undertakes contract work such as landscaping and gardening projects. The crew works at various locations in a variety of settings within the community under the supervision of a job coach.
  • Teen Expectant/New Parent Assistance (8)
    PH-6100.1800-900

    Teen Expectant/New Parent Assistance

    PH-6100.1800-900

    Programs that provide classes, workshops or other educational opportunities that prepare teens who are or are about to become parents to be effective in their parenting roles.
  • Traffic Safety Education/Inspections (3)
    JR-8200.8500

    Traffic Safety Education/Inspections

    JR-8200.8500

    Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures that people can take to ensure their own safety and that of others while driving or riding as passengers in motor vehicles, riding bicycles, roller skating, skateboarding, or walking as pedestrians in traffic; or which conduct inspections of motor vehicles, child passenger safety seats or other related equipment to assure driver and passenger safety.
  • Training and Employment Programs (2)
    ND-6500

    Training and Employment Programs

    ND-6500

    Programs that provide job development, job training, job search, job placement, specialized job situations and other supportive services for individuals and groups who are having difficulty finding paid employment. These programs especially target people who have minimal job skills, veterans, older workers, youth, ex-offenders, public assistance recipients, refugees/immigrants, members of minority groups and others who are vocationally disadvantaged. Included are government-subsidized programs and those offered through the private sector.
  • Tuition Assistance (1)
    HL-8000.8500

    Tuition Assistance

    HL-8000.8500

    Programs that provide cash assistance for people who need additional financial support to pursue an educational or vocational program of study.
  • Veteran Education Benefits (22)
    HL-8000.1800-900

    Veteran Education Benefits

    HL-8000.1800-900

    Programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or other organizations that provide educational financial assistance for veterans and service personnel and their eligible dependents. Veterans and service personnel who served on active duty between January 31, 1955 and January 1, 1977 for specified periods of time are eligible for a variety of education benefits under the GI Bill including a stipend for tuition assistance at approved educational institutions. Veterans and service personnel who entered active duty after January 1, 1977 may participate in a voluntary contributory plan in which the individual's savings for a future education are administered and augmented by the government. Partial educational assistance is also available to the survivors of deceased or disabled veterans whose death or permanent and total disability was service-connected; and to the spouses and children of servicemen and women who have been listed for more than 90 days as missing in action, captured in the line of duty or forcibly detained by a foreign power.
  • Vocational Assessment (24)
    ND-2000.9000

    Vocational Assessment

    ND-2000.9000

    Programs that administer tests which measure an individual's skills, abilities, interests, personality traits and other attributes for success in different occupational areas or specific positions. Also included are programs that allow people to "try out" jobs in the community for short periods of time to determine whether there is a fit and, in the case of people with disabilities, to determine the type of supports the individual might require to succeed if hired for that type of job.
  • Vocational Centers (8)
    HH-9000.8750

    Vocational Centers

    HH-9000.8750

    Programs, often operated by community adult schools or other secondary or postsecondary educational entities, that offer specialized education and training related to any of a variety of occupational areas for adults who may have high school diplomas and for selected high school students or high-school-age youngsters who have the permission of a school counselor.
  • Vocational Education (17)
    HH-9000

    Vocational Education

    HH-9000

    Secondary or postsecondary education programs available in regular or trade high schools or through separate vocational centers or programs that provide formal preparation for semiskilled, skilled, technical or professional occupations for high-school-aged students and, in some cases, adults who have opted to develop or expand their employment opportunities, often in lieu of preparing for college entry. Vocational education programs help participants prepare for full-time employment upon graduation, part-time employment while in school or for more advanced vocational training at the postsecondary level.
  • Vocational Rehabilitation (28)
    ND-9000

    Vocational Rehabilitation

    ND-9000

    Programs that enable individuals with disabilities, people who abuse drugs or alcohol, or people who have emotional problems to obtain the training and employment experiences they need to achieve economic self-sufficiency. Services may include vocational evaluation, work adjustment, work experience, training in marketable skills and placement in competitive employment or a sheltered work environment.
  • Writing Instruction (1)
    PL-7400.9500

    Writing Instruction

    PL-7400.9500

    Programs that provide classes, individualized instruction or other opportunities for people who want to develop or perfect their writing skills. Included are classes that address basic craft and technique as well as those that focus on writing in plain language or writing fiction, poetry, plays, screenplays, journals, business correspondence, reports and other specializations.
  • Youth Job Development (10)
    ND-3400.9500

    Youth Job Development

    ND-3400.9500

    Programs that seek out and create job opportunities for young people.
 
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