Hospitals & Health Care

    Results: 174

  • Abortion Services (1)
    LJ-2000.0100

    Abortion Services

    LJ-2000.0100

    Programs that provide access to pregnancy termination services for individuals who want to avoid an unplanned or unwanted birth.
  • Acquired Brain Injuries (6)
    YF-3000.1300-050

    Acquired Brain Injuries

    YF-3000.1300-050

    Any of a variety of conditions that occur following birth including traumatic damage in the birth process or in an accident (the most common of which are vehicular accidents, falls, acts of violence and sports injuries), anoxia or hypoxic episodes and allergic conditions, toxic substances and other acute medical/clinical incidents that are characterized by significant destruction of brain tissue and resultant loss of brain function.
  • Acupuncture (8)
    LT-0500.0500

    Acupuncture

    LT-0500.0500

    Programs that produce regional anesthesia, eliminate or reduce pain or treat other health problems by passing long needles through the skin to specific points. The free ends of the needles are twirled or in some cases used to conduct a weak electrical current to increase stimulation at the desired point. In some cases moxibustion is used in combination with traditional acupuncture to enhance the treatment. Moxibustion involves the burning of dried herbs (mugwort) at or near specific acupuncture points or whole areas of the body. Benefits come both from the heat of the smoldering leaves and from the nature of the herb itself.
  • Adolescent Medicine (10)
    LV-6800.0300

    Adolescent Medicine

    LV-6800.0300

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who have expertise in the study, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions that are common in individuals who are in their teens.
  • Adolescent/Adult Immunizations (79)
    LT-3400.0100

    Adolescent/Adult Immunizations

    LT-3400.0100

    Programs that protect adolescents and adults from childhood diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), diphtheria, measles, mumps, chicken pox (varicella), rubella (German measles), polio and hepatitis A and B, some of which are typically mild in children but generally more serious when contracted by adults or older youngsters.
  • Adult State/Local Health Insurance Programs (3)
    NL-5000.8000-050

    Adult State/Local Health Insurance Programs

    NL-5000.8000-050

    Programs that provide health insurance for adults who do not qualify for Medicaid, do not have access to insurance provided by an employer or cannot afford privately purchased health insurance. Services covered by these programs vary by state but generally include hospitalization, physician services, emergency room visits, family planning, immunizations, laboratory and x-ray services, outpatient surgery, chiropractic care, prescriptions, eye exams, eye glasses and dental care. Other services may include alcohol and drug treatment, mental health services, medical equipment and supplies and rehabilitative therapy. Eligibility requirements also vary. Included are state and/or local government health insurance programs which may be administered by the state or at the local level and public/private partnerships between state and/or local government entities and health insurance companies or other private organizations. Health care is generally provided through participating managed care plans in the area. Also included are other programs that help people prepare and file Adult State/Local Health Insurance applications and/or are authorized to do eligibility determinations for the program.
  • AIDS/HIV (61)
    YF-3000.0270

    AIDS/HIV

    YF-3000.0270

    Individuals who are at risk or have tested positive for infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), or have developed AIDS which is caused by the HIV virus and impairs the function of the body's immune system leaving affected individuals vulnerable to illnesses that would not otherwise occur.
  • AIDS/HIV Clinics (43)
    LT-1750.0500

    AIDS/HIV Clinics

    LT-1750.0500

    Programs that provide comprehensive medical services on an inpatient or outpatient basis for people who have symptomatic or asymptomatic HIV infections or full-blown AIDS.
  • AIDS/HIV Control (3)
    JP-1500.1700-050

    AIDS/HIV Control

    JP-1500.1700-050

    Programs that attempt to control the occurrence of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a group of symptoms (including certain infections and/or cancers) that collectively characterize the condition and are the result of a weakening of the immune system caused by infection with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). Activities include surveillance of the occurrence of the disease in the community, investigation of individual cases, and development of case histories and other interventions that will help to increase the medical establishment's understanding of the causes of the diseases and potential methods of prevention and cure. AIDS control activities are often initiated by local HIV prevention planning groups that are responsible for developing needs assessments and planning long and short-term strategies specific to target communities as determined by the studies.
  • Air Ambulance Services (6)
    LD-1500.0500

    Air Ambulance Services

    LD-1500.0500

    Programs that utilize helicopters or fixed wing aircraft to airlift acutely ill or injured individuals from areas that are inaccessible to health care facilities for treatment, or from one health care facility to another for specialized care. Air ambulances are equipped and staffed to provide medical care during transit; operate locally, nationally or internationally; and may be used by critically ill patients who need advanced life support or by individuals who, because of their condition, are unable to fly commercially.
  • Alzheimer's Disease (20)
    YF-3000.0440

    Alzheimer's Disease

    YF-3000.0440

    An age-related, non-reversible brain disorder that develops over a period of years. Initially, people experience memory loss and confusion, which may be mistaken for the kinds of memory changes that are sometimes associated with normal aging. The symptoms gradually lead to behavior and personality changes, a decline in cognitive abilities such as decision-making and language skills and problems recognizing family and friends; and ultimately to a severe loss of mental function. Alzheimer's disease is one of a group of disorders called dementias that are characterized by cognitive and behavioral problems. It is the most common cause of dementia among people age 65 and older.
  • Ambulance Services (7)
    LD-1500.0600

    Ambulance Services

    LD-1500.0600

    Programs that provide ground vehicles which transport acutely ill or injured individuals to health care facilities for treatment or from one health care facility to another for specialized care. Ambulances are equipped and staffed to provide medical care during transit and, in communities where the municipality contracts with the company as their emergency medical service provider, are dispatched when residents contact 911 with a medical emergency, not accessed directly. Depending on the terms of the contract, the ambulance company may be the municipality's primary first responder, may serve in a backup capacity when the city's service is busy or may handle the transport component of the service while the city's paramedic/EMT service functions as the first responder. Ambulance companies may also provide emergency transport for people who want to go somewhere other than where the municipality's emergency medical service is authorized to take them; and offer non-emergency transportation for individuals/institutions that contact them directly, e.g., transportation for patients from one hospital to another, to nursing homes or other special-care centers, on intercity trips and from the hospital to their homes.
  • Anonymous HIV Testing (63)
    LF-4900.2400-050

    Anonymous HIV Testing

    LF-4900.2400-050

    Programs that offer HIV antibody testing or other screening procedures to individuals who do not wish to divulge personal identifying information to the testing site. People who are tested are identified by a unique number assigned by the test site. Anonymous HIV testing is done independently from Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) testing.
  • Anxiety Disorders Screening (9)
    RP-5000.5000-050

    Anxiety Disorders Screening

    RP-5000.5000-050

    Programs that offer simple tests for people who have feelings of fear, chronic worrying, obsessive ritualistic behaviors or a feeling that something is wrong, and who want to learn more about anxiety disorders and ways of coping with their symptoms. Individuals generally have an opportunity to see a film and/or hear a talk about the causes, symptoms and treatment of anxiety disorders; complete a screening questionnaire; and talk with a mental health professional about the results. People who test positively are encouraged to seek further evaluation and, potentially, treatment. Anxiety disorders covered by the screenings include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Most anxiety disorder screenings are confidential and available at no cost. Anxiety disorders screenings may also be available by telephone or online.
  • Appearance Enhancement Consultation Programs (2)
    LH-2700.0350

    Appearance Enhancement Consultation Programs

    LH-2700.0350

    Programs that help cancer patients, accident victims, burn patients and others with temporary or permanent conditions that affect their features, cope with the appearance-related effects of their illness, injury, disability or treatment regimen by teaching them cosmetic techniques that will help restore their appearance and self-image. Services may include workshops, literature and information about make-up, hair alternatives, skin and nail care as well as wig, scarf, hat and turban demonstrations (for cancer patients coping with the side-effects of chemotherapy and radiation) or suggestions regarding appearance enhancement options available to people with other types of challenges. Participants may receive cosmetics donated by the cosmetic industry that they can use at home.
  • Assistive Technology Equipment (18)
    LH-0600

    Assistive Technology Equipment

    LH-0600

    Programs that pay for or provide equipment, appliances and assistive aids that enable people, including those who have physical or sensory limitations, to increase their mobility and/or ability to communicate and live more comfortably.
  • Autism Therapy (3)
    LR-0450

    Autism Therapy

    LR-0450

    Programs that offer any of a variety of therapeutic interventions, which may be used singly or in combination, to address the range of social, language, sensory and behavioral difficulties experienced by children and adults with autism and related disorders. Because of the spectrum nature of autism and the many behavior combinations that can occur, treatment approaches must be tailored to meet the individual needs of each person. Included are behavioral and communication development approaches such as Applied Behavioral Analysis, TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children), PECS (Picture Exchange Communication Systems), Floor Time, Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT), Social Stories and sensory integration; biomedical and dietary treatments including psychiatric medications, vitamins and minerals (such as Vitamin B6, magnesium and essential fatty acids), treatment using the hormone secretin and special diets; and various complementary therapies such as music, art or equestrian therapy which may be used on an individual basis or integrated into an educational program.
  • Biofeedback (1)
    LT-0500.1000

    Biofeedback

    LT-0500.1000

    Programs that offer training that is designed to develop an individual's ability to control some of the functions of the autonomic (involuntary) nervous system. After learning the technique, the person may be able to control heart rate, blood pressure and skin temperature, and relax targeted muscles to ameliorate migraine or tension headaches, cardiac arrhythmia, muscle spasms, hypertension or other conditions in which stress or tension play a significant role. The most common forms of biofeedback therapy are electromyography (EMG) biofeedback which measures muscle tension, thermal biofeedback which measures skin temperature, galvanic skin response biofeedback which measures sweat gland activity and neurofeedback or electroencephalography (EEG) which measures brain wave activity.
  • Birth Control (34)
    LJ-2000.1000

    Birth Control

    LJ-2000.1000

    Programs that provide permanent or temporary measures by which an individual can prevent conception.
  • Blindness (27)
    YF-9000.0100

    Blindness

    YF-9000.0100

    A condition in which affected individuals are totally blind and cannot see or are legally blind and have central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with maximal correction, or a peripheral field of vision that is so contracted that its widest diameter subtends an angle no greater than 20 degrees.
  • Blood Banks (4)
    LH-0500.0900-100

    Blood Banks

    LH-0500.0900-100

    Programs that acquire, process, type, transport and store whole blood and blood products including red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma constituents for use by people who need transfusions; and which conduct pretransfusion compatibility tests to ensure that blood transfusions, when necessary, are as safe as possible.
  • Blood Donor Stations (4)
    LH-0500.0900-150

    Blood Donor Stations

    LH-0500.0900-150

    Locations, often established by blood banks, where people can come to donate blood.
  • Blood Pressure Screening (113)
    LF-4900.1000

    Blood Pressure Screening

    LF-4900.1000

    Programs that measure the pressure existing in the large arteries at the height of a pulse wave and identify individuals whose blood pressure is higher than normal, and who are thereby susceptible to strokes and other conditions that are related to hypertension.
  • Blood Tests (3)
    LF-5280.1500

    Blood Tests

    LF-5280.1500

    Programs that conduct laboratory tests to determine the chemical, physical or serological characteristics of the blood or some portion of it. The results may be used as a diagnostic tool for many diseases and conditions.
  • Brain Injuries (9)
    YF-3000.1300

    Brain Injuries

    YF-3000.1300

    Any of a variety of conditions that are characterized by significant destruction of brain tissue and resultant loss of brain function which include Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, stroke and other cerebrovascular accidents, traumatic brain injury, post infection damage, brain tumors and permanent damage that occurs as a result of seizures, substance toxicity or other disorders.
  • Breast Care Centers (21)
    LV-6000.1000

    Breast Care Centers

    LV-6000.1000

    Programs that provide comprehensive services including screening, consultation, education, diagnosis and treatment for people who have breast disease or related problems.
  • Breast Examinations (122)
    LF-4900.1500-120

    Breast Examinations

    LF-4900.1500-120

    Programs that offer the screening procedure for the early detection of breast cancer which involves a manual examination of the breasts for lumps, thickening or other abnormalities.
  • Burn Centers (1)
    LT-1000

    Burn Centers

    LT-1000

    Programs that provide special facilities for people who have received second and third degree burns to exterior surfaces of the body or to the respiratory tract that were caused by fire or excessive heat, flash explosions, hot steam or water, chemicals, electricity or radioactive substances or heat. Burn centers utilize a variety of equipment including sterilized rooms which have specially purified air to prevent infection, special beds and mattresses, heat shields rather than blankets and hyperbaric oxygen chambers which use concentrated oxygen to speed healing and prevent infection.
  • Cancer Detection (7)
    LF-4900.1500

    Cancer Detection

    LF-4900.1500

    Programs that offer any of a variety of tests which are used to identify people who have some form of cancer which, if caught in an early stage, may be treated with a higher probability of success.
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation (1)
    LR-1570.1500

    Cardiac Rehabilitation

    LR-1570.1500

    Multidisciplinary programs that are designed to help patients resume active and productive lives following cardiac surgery, a heart attack or stabilization of angina pectoris, and to minimize the risk of further cardiovascular problems. The therapy usually combines a structured, progressive physical activity program with patient and family education regarding the recognition, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease and identification and modification of specific cardiovascular risk factors which may require dietary counseling, smoking cessation, weight reduction or other modifications in behavior.
  • Cardiovascular Medicine (7)
    LV-3300.1500

    Cardiovascular Medicine

    LV-3300.1500

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive medical management including preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for individuals who have diseases or other conditions that affect the heart, lungs and blood vessels. Cardiologists manage complex cardiac conditions such as heart attacks and life threatening abnormal heart beat rhythms in settings such as coronary care units of hospitals.
  • Chemotherapy/Radiation Therapy (1)
    LT-1500

    Chemotherapy/Radiation Therapy

    LT-1500

    Programs that treat people who have a particular illness or condition through the application of chemical reagents which have a specific and toxic effect upon the disease-causing organism, or through the use of radioactive substances including radioactive isotopes and ionizing radiation to kill diseased cells. Included are radioactive implants, x-ray radiation therapy and supervoltage and megavoltage treatments with specialized equipment including cobalt units, linear accelerators with or without electron team therapy capability, betatrons and van de Graff machines.
  • Chest X-Rays (5)
    LF-4800.1500

    Chest X-Rays

    LF-4800.1500

    Programs that offer the screening procedure for the early detection of lung cancer, tuberculosis and other diseases of the lungs and chest cavity which involves use of electromagnetic waves to produce a photograph of the lungs and chest area.
  • Child Abuse Medical Evaluations (1)
    LF-7000.1550

    Child Abuse Medical Evaluations

    LF-7000.1550

    Hospitals and clinics with multidisciplinary teams that conduct historical interviews and physical examinations of children to determine whether there are injuries or other forms of physical evidence that are consistent with neglect, emotional deprivation/failure to thrive, or physical or sexual abuse that constitute the battered child syndrome. Historical information supplied by the child in the medical interview may be used to establish a case for child abuse even in the absence of physical evidence.
  • Children's Hospitals (2)
    LL-3000.1450

    Children's Hospitals

    LL-3000.1450

    Health care facilities staffed by physicians, nurses and support staff with training in pediatrics that provide specialized care in an inpatient setting for infants, children and adolescents who are ill or injured.
  • Children's/Adolescent Psychiatric Hospitals (2)
    RM-3300.6500-150

    Children's/Adolescent Psychiatric Hospitals

    RM-3300.6500-150

    Institutions whose primary function is to provide diagnostic and long or short-term treatment services for children and adolescents from infancy through age 17 who have acute psychiatric disorders, require hospitalization for maximum benefit, and who may be a threat to themselves, to their families or to others if left in the community or placed in a less restrictive treatment setting. Services may include a comprehensive evaluation; 24-hour care in a supportive, therapeutic environment; counseling for the patient and family; adjunctive therapies, as needed; medication, if required; and an aftercare program following discharge.
  • Clinical Trials (4)
    LT-1530

    Clinical Trials

    LT-1530

    Observational and interventional research studies conducted with human volunteers that seek answers to specific questions that relate to the causes, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and/or management of diseases, disabilities or other related conditions. Clinical trials may be conducted by government health agencies, researchers affiliated with a hospital or university medical program, independent researchers or private industry; and test the efficacy of new drugs, new combinations of existing drugs, new dose schedules and routes of administration, and new ways of integrating multiple treatment modalities. They may also assess new screening tests, evaluate the application of new diagnostic tests in choosing treatment regimens, evaluate supportive care methods, test the safety and effectiveness of medical devices, teach lifestyle changes or investigate options for improving the quality of life for people who have serious medical conditions. Clinical trials are conducted according to a protocol which describes the types of patients who may enter the study, schedules of tests and procedures, drugs, dosages, and length of study, as well as the outcomes that will be measured. For some patients, clinical research trials represent an avenue for receiving promising new therapies that would not otherwise be available. Included are programs that maintain lists of currently available clinical trials and refer patients who want to become volunteers as well as the research projects themselves.
  • Communicable Disease Control (1)
    JP-1500

    Communicable Disease Control

    JP-1500

    Programs that protect the public health through comprehensive efforts to track the incidence and distribution of disease in the population and prevent, control and eradicate vaccine-preventable diseases, vector and food-borne illnesses, diseases that are transmitted person-to-person and other diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact. Activities include routine surveillance of communicable disease activity, assessment of the community immunization level through school records and immunization studies, investigation of epidemic outbreaks, reporting of cases of infectious diseases to the proper authorities and taking appropriate measures such as isolation and contact tracing/notification to prevent disease transmission.
  • Community Clinics (241)
    LN-1500

    Community Clinics

    LN-1500

    Consumer-based, community-controlled, nonprofit outpatient facilities that provide basic health care including physical examinations, immunizations, family planning, nutrition assistance and diagnosis and treatment of common ailments for low income people, people who are homeless or uninsured/underinsured or other medically underserved populations that are geographically, economically and culturally challenged. Services are generally provided on an ability-to-pay basis. In the U.S., most community clinics are part of the network of Federally Qualified Health Centers, and many are known as "free clinics".
  • Community Wellness Programs (49)
    LH-2700.9500-100

    Community Wellness Programs

    LH-2700.9500-100

    Health care programs that work with individuals and groups in the community (as opposed to patients) to help them adopt healthy behaviors and/or reduce health risks, increase self-care skills, improve management of common minor ailments, use health care services effectively and/or improve understanding of medical procedures and therapeutic regimens.
  • Condition Specific Rehabilitation Services (1)
    LR-1570

    Condition Specific Rehabilitation Services

    LR-1570

    Programs that provide comprehensive rehabilitation services that help people who have specific types of injuries or other impairments to achieve their maximum level of functioning.
  • Confidential HIV Testing (67)
    LF-4900.2400-150

    Confidential HIV Testing

    LF-4900.2400-150

    Programs that offer HIV antibody testing or other screening procedures and require specific identifying information from the person wishing to be tested. The information may include but not be limited to name, address and Social Security number. This information along with test results remains with the test center unless otherwise released by the person seeking testing. Should the person test positive, the personal identifying information may be reported to state epidemiology offices where required by law. Confidential HIV testing may be a component of testing for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).
  • Coronary Care Units (5)
    LD-3300.1500

    Coronary Care Units

    LD-3300.1500

    Programs staffed by specially trained nursing personnel that make monitoring and specialized support and treatment equipment available to patients who, because of heart seizure, open heart surgery or other life-threatening conditions, require intensified, comprehensive observation and care. Special units may be available for myocardial infarction, pulmonary care and heart transplants.
  • Cosmetic Dentistry (5)
    LV-1600.1500

    Cosmetic Dentistry

    LV-1600.1500

    Programs that offer elective dental work which improves the appearance of a person's teeth and enhances their smile. Included are porcelain crowns; procedures such as veneers, bonding and contouring which disguise teeth that are chipped, broken, stained, poorly shaped, slightly crooked or have spaces between them; and whitening treatments.
  • CPR Instruction (7)
    LH-2700.2000-150

    CPR Instruction

    LH-2700.2000-150

    Programs that instruct the public in the appropriate techniques for prolonging the lives of victims of heart failure until emergency medical care can be provided. Included may be instruction in full CPR which combines rescue breaths with chest compressions (the best option in some emergencies, including those involving infants and children, drowning victims or people who collapse due to breathing problems) and/or hands only CPR which involves chest compressions only, no mouth to mouth contact. Hands only CPR is used in emergencies where someone suffers sudden cardiac arrest.
  • Dementia Evaluation (2)
    LF-4900.1650

    Dementia Evaluation

    LF-4900.1650

    Programs that offer a variety of tests to establish the presence of Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease or other conditions which involve loss of memory, deterioration of intellectual functioning, disorientation and other similar symptoms.
  • Dental Care (34)
    LV-1600

    Dental Care

    LV-1600

    Programs that specialize in the care of the teeth and associated structures in the oral cavity including the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the teeth and gums.
  • Dental Care Referrals (5)
    LH-2600.1700

    Dental Care Referrals

    LH-2600.1700

    Programs that link people who are in need of care which involves their mouth, teeth, gums or associated structures with dentists, orthodontists, periodontists or other members of the dental profession.
  • Dental Hygiene (47)
    LV-1600.1700

    Dental Hygiene

    LV-1600.1700

    Programs that offer preventive dental care including professional teeth cleaning and information about the proper daily self-care of the teeth to remove plaque, food and other residue that is associated with periodontal disease and tooth decay.
  • Dental Screening (32)
    LF-4900.1670

    Dental Screening

    LF-4900.1670

    Programs that provide dental examinations to detect tooth decay and periodontal problems, and oral hygiene information; but which refer out for cleaning, fillings, extractions and other necessary dental care.
  • Depression Screening (7)
    RP-5000.5000-180

    Depression Screening

    RP-5000.5000-180

    Programs that offer simple tests for people who have feelings of sadness, hopelessness, restlessness and irritability; trouble sleeping; loss of energy; changes in appetite; or thoughts of suicide, and who want to learn more about clinical depression and ways of coping with their symptoms. Individuals generally have an opportunity to see a film and/or hear a talk about the causes, symptoms and treatment of depression; complete a screening questionnaire; and talk with a mental health professional about the results. People who test positively are encouraged to seek further evaluation and, potentially, treatment. Most depression screenings are confidential and available at no cost. Depression screenings may also be available by telephone or online.
  • Diabetes Management Clinics (27)
    LT-1750.1750

    Diabetes Management Clinics

    LT-1750.1750

    Programs that help people of all ages who have juvenile or adult diabetes understand and manage their illness. Services may include screening programs for early identification of the condition and associated complications; establishment of a treatment regimen; patient education; and self-management skills development assistance which may focus on use of insulin and drugs to control blood sugar levels, blood glucose monitoring, dietary management in different environments (at home, at work, in school, while dining out), menu planning, the role of exercise in relation to food intake, hygienic measures such as foot care and ways to reduce the likelihood of diabetes-related complications which may include heart disease, kidney failure, amputation, nerve damage and blindness. Included are programs that provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services on an inpatient or outpatient basis as well as less formal programs that emphasize education and may provide any combination of supportive services such as case management, assistance in obtaining needed products and services, and assistance in following the prescribed treatment regimen. Diabetes is a chronic, incurable disease in which the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to allow the body to adequately metabolize sugar.
  • Diabetes Screening (104)
    LF-4900.1700

    Diabetes Screening

    LF-4900.1700

    Programs that administer tests which determine whether an individual has diabetes, a disorder in which the pancreas produces too little insulin with the result that the body in unable to adequately metabolize sugar.
  • Diagnostic Imaging/Radiology (13)
    LF-4800

    Diagnostic Imaging/Radiology

    LF-4800

    Programs that offer the specialty in which all modalities of radiant energy are used for the detection of abnormalities throughout the body, often following the ingestion or injection of a radioactive or radiopaque substance that functions as a contrast medium. This includes but is not limited to imaging techniques and methodologies utilizing radiation emitted by x-ray tubes, radionuclides, thermagraphic devices, ultrasonic devices and radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation emitted by atoms.
  • Dietary Services (41)
    LH-2700.6000-170

    Dietary Services

    LH-2700.6000-170

    Programs that provide information about how to plan and prepare meals for people who have special dietary requirements.
  • Disease Specific Communicable Disease Control (2)
    JP-1500.1700

    Disease Specific Communicable Disease Control

    JP-1500.1700

    Programs whose public health efforts focus on the prevention, control and eradication of a particular communicable disease or condition.
  • Eating Disorders Treatment (6)
    RP-6400.1900

    Eating Disorders Treatment

    RP-6400.1900

    Multidisciplinary programs, often offered on an inpatient basis with post-discharge outpatient therapy, that provide comprehensive diagnostic and treatment services for individuals who have anorexia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, bulimia or a related eating disorder. Treatment depends on the specific type of eating disorder involved but typically involves psychotherapy, nutrition education, family counseling, medication and hospitalization, if required, to stabilize the patient's health.
  • Emergency Contraception (41)
    LJ-2000.1000-200

    Emergency Contraception

    LJ-2000.1000-200

    Programs that prescribe and/or supply birth control pills which are taken within 72-120 hours of having unprotected sexual intercourse to prevent an unintended pregnancy. Emergency contraception may be provided in the form of Plan B (2 pills), a large dose of regular birth control pills (two or four pills twice during a 12 hour period) or through insertion of a copper IUD.
  • Emergency Medical Care (5)
    LD

    Emergency Medical Care

    LD

    Programs that provide immediate short-term assistance for accident victims and acutely ill or injured individuals who are in pain, or whose health or lives may be in jeopardy.
  • Emergency Medical Transportation (5)
    LD-1500

    Emergency Medical Transportation

    LD-1500

    Programs that provide rapid transportation to health care facilities for accident victims and acutely ill or injured individuals who need immediate medical intervention both on the scene and en route.
  • Energy Healing (1)
    LT-0500.8000-200

    Energy Healing

    LT-0500.8000-200

    Programs that utilize any of a number of techniques which are based on the premise that a human energy field surrounds the body which is balanced when the individual is healthy but out of balance in situations where there is disease. Practitioners detect the sources of blockage in the energy field by moving their hands over the individual's body or lightly touching the individual, and transfer energy to the recipient restoring balance and initiating healing. Included are therapies variously known as healing touch, polarity therapy, Reiki and therapeutic touch.
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (1)
    RP-8000.1950

    Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

    RP-8000.1950

    Programs that help individuals recover from a traumatic event such as combat experiences, rape, molestation, catastrophic loss or natural disaster through a procedure which uses physical movement in combination with other therapeutic techniques. The process is based on the hypothesis that traumatization causes an overexcitement of a specific locus of the brain producing a neural pathology that "freezes" the information in its original anxiety-producing form. EMDR permits the "frozen" information to be desensitized, reprocessed and adaptively integrated resulting in diffusion of the traumatic imagery and a reduction of negative client symptoms, e.g., emotional distress, intrusive thoughts, flashbacks and nightmares.
  • Eye Screening (20)
    LF-4900.2000

    Eye Screening

    LF-4900.2000

    Programs that offer screening procedures that identify people who have targeted eye diseases or vision deficiencies that may require further examination.
  • Family and Community Medicine (59)
    LV-2600

    Family and Community Medicine

    LV-2600

    Programs that are staffed by specialists in the field of medicine that is concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community. Practitioners of family and community medicine provide comprehensive medical care including preventive services with particular emphasis on the family unit, in which the physician's continuing responsibility for health care is not limited by the patient's age or gender, nor by a particular organ system or disease entity.
  • First Aid Instruction (3)
    LH-2700.2000

    First Aid Instruction

    LH-2700.2000

    Programs that instruct the public in the basic lifesaving techniques involved in the administration of emergency assistance to individuals who have been injured or otherwise disabled prior to the arrival of trained medical personnel.
  • General Acute Care Hospitals (16)
    LL-3000.2500

    General Acute Care Hospitals

    LL-3000.2500

    Health care facilities that are licensed to operate 24 hours per day and offer diagnostic and treatment services as well as emergency and critical care services for people who have any of a variety of illnesses or injuries which require immediate, short-term intervention.
  • General Dentistry (47)
    LV-1600.2400

    General Dentistry

    LV-1600.2400

    Programs that provide primary oral health care for patients of all ages. General dentists are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, management and overall coordination of specialized services related to the patient's oral health needs. Services generally include an oral health history, preventive dental cleanings, dental radiographs, oral cancer screening, an examination of the teeth to detect tooth decay or other problems, a periodontal examination to detect gum disease, dental restorations (e.g., fillings, crowns and implants), cosmetic dentistry, and other procedures such as fluoride treatment.
  • General Laboratory Tests (6)
    LF-5280

    General Laboratory Tests

    LF-5280

    Programs that perform a laboratory analysis of body fluids and tissue to determine the presence of irregularities or to identify unknown substances submitted for analysis.
  • General Medical Care (3)
    LE

    General Medical Care

    LE

    Routine health care provided by internists, pediatricians, family medicine specialists, gynecologists, obstetricians, nurse practitioners, midwives, physicians' assistants or other health care providers who serve as the first point of contact with the health care system. Services focus on the prevention and early detection of health problems through regular physical examinations, blood pressure checks, mammograms and other similar procedures as well as therapeutic services for people who do not require specialty care.
  • General Obstetrics (26)
    LV-6000.2400

    General Obstetrics

    LV-6000.2400

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide care for women who have routine pregnancies. Obstetricians are responsible for managing a woman's pregnancy, delivering her child and providing medical care, as needed, during the period of time it takes for her uterus to return to its normal size (generally 42 days).
  • Genetic Counseling (3)
    LJ-2000.2500

    Genetic Counseling

    LJ-2000.2500

    Programs that apply what is known about human genetics to advise prospective parents who are concerned about the recurrence of hereditary problems or abnormalities in their offspring or for others (adults and children) who may be at risk for a variety of inherited conditions and need information about their own prospects for health. Genetic counseling is also routinely offered to women, usually age 35 and older, who are considering a first pregnancy. Genetic counselors identify families at risk, investigate the problem present in the family, interpret information about the disorder, analyze inheritance patterns and risks of recurrence and review available options with the family. They also provide supportive counseling to families, serve as patient advocates and refer individuals and families to community or state support services.
  • Genetic Testing and Screening (2)
    LF-5350

    Genetic Testing and Screening

    LF-5350

    Programs that conduct tests of an individual's genetic material (DNA, RNA, chromosomes, proteins, and certain metabolites) to establish whether there are risk factors associated with particular diseases or disabilities, to help identify or exonerate individuals involved in criminal matters based on DNA evidence, or to establish paternity or maternity for legal or immigration purposes. Genetic testing generally involves individuals suspected of criminal activity or being at high risk for a disease or disability whereas genetic screening is conducted with a broader population about which risk factors are unknown.
  • Geriatric Medicine (14)
    LV-3300.2900

    Geriatric Medicine

    LV-3300.2900

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for elderly individuals who have diseases or conditions that are associated with the aging process. Special assistance may include recognizing altered presentations of illnesses, dealing with multisystem organ involvement, handling special drug interactions, utilizing resources such as nursing homes and community social services, and assisting with ethical issues in the care of people who are elderly.
  • Gynecology Services (57)
    LV-6000.2550

    Gynecology Services

    LV-6000.2550

    Programs usually available in community-based health clinics and family planning centers that provide primary and preventive care, family planning services, diagnostic imaging, management of menopause, medical and surgical treatment of women's disorders and/or diagnosis and treatment of cancers affecting the female genital system. Specific routine services generally include pap smears, pelvic examinations, breast exams, urinalysis, pregnancy testing, laboratory tests including testing for sexually transmitted diseases, contraception, morning after contraception and hormone replacement therapy.
  • Health Care Referrals (9)
    LH-2600

    Health Care Referrals

    LH-2600

    Programs that link people who are in need of medical care, nursing care, dental care or other types of health care services with qualified practitioners.
  • Health Education (10)
    LH-2700

    Health Education

    LH-2700

    Programs that provide information that improves the public's understanding of living and working conditions and other factors that safeguard their health and prevent or reduce the risk of injury, disease, disability and premature death. Health education programs help people make informed decisions about matters which affect their personal health and the health of others. They inform the public of health and safety hazards, help people modify behaviors that compromise their health, encourage people to take advantage of early detection programs and provide information about treatment and rehabilitation options for people who have an illness, injury or disability. They also provide anticipatory information or guidance to help people deal with and understand specific medical procedures, being hospitalized or other necessary interfaces with the health care system.
  • Health Fairs (1)
    LH-2700.2900

    Health Fairs

    LH-2700.2900

    Organizations that sponsor expositions which offer health screenings and a wide variety of informational materials for participants. Health fairs are offered in many locations including parks, recreation centers, senior centers, schools and malls and offer stations for health history, height, weight, visual acuity, a blood profile and a general health review and referral as well as a variety of optional screenings which may include dermatology, hearing, podiatry, dental, glaucoma, allergy testing and the blood test for prostate cancer. Educational materials are usually available in a number of languages and may include information about AIDS/HIV, environmental health, prenatal care, heart disease and other community health topics. Some sites may also offer "Ask the Pharmacist" booths for information about medication.
  • Health Insurance Claims Assistance for Beneficiaries (10)
    FT-3900.3300-300

    Health Insurance Claims Assistance for Beneficiaries

    FT-3900.3300-300

    Programs that provide a variety of supportive services for individuals who need assistance in completing, filing and/or appealing decisions with regard to their medical insurance claims.
  • Health Insurance Information/Counseling (17)
    LH-3500

    Health Insurance Information/Counseling

    LH-3500

    Programs that offer information and guidance for people who need assistance in selecting appropriate health insurance coverage and which may also answer questions about health insurance benefits and help people complete insurance forms.
  • Health Maintenance Organization Complaints (2)
    DD-1500.4280-280

    Health Maintenance Organization Complaints

    DD-1500.4280-280

    Programs that accept and, where possible, attempt to resolve complaints regarding the licensing, quality of care, treatment of patients, unprofessional conduct of personnel or other inappropriate business practices of health maintenance organizations.
  • Health Related Advocacy Groups (2)
    TD-1600.2570

    Health Related Advocacy Groups

    TD-1600.2570

    Organizations that are dedicated to protecting and improving the quality and affordability of health and long term care for all individuals and advocating for changes in the health care system that will achieve these goals; or which advocate more broadly for legislation and other measures such as bans on smoking that have a positive impact on public health. Specific issues may include extending the reach of childhood immunization programs, expanding services for people with specific disabilities or health conditions, funding medical research, supporting or opposing stem cell research, establishing the liability of managed health care organizations and nursing facilities for the consequences of their decisions, providing a prescription drug benefit for the elderly, passing a powerful patient's bill of rights, advocating for universal health care or taking a position on the merits of specific medical procedures or forms of treatment.
  • Health Screening/Diagnostic Services (2)
    LF

    Health Screening/Diagnostic Services

    LF

    Programs that utilize one or a combination of diagnostic tools to test large groups of people who are assumed to be well for the presence of a particular disease or condition or for certain risk factors that are known to be associated with that disease or condition; or which conduct in-depth tests to establish the cause and nature of an individual's presenting illness. The purpose of screening is to identify people who have a potential problem and refer them for early diagnosis and treatment and, where possible, to provide preventive measures. Early identification is particularly important when dealing with conditions that are more difficult to treat when fully developed. The purpose of more in-depth diagnostic work is to establish a logical basis for ongoing treatment.
  • Hearing Screening (23)
    LF-4900.2150

    Hearing Screening

    LF-4900.2150

    Programs that offer hearing threshold tests for the purpose of identifying individuals whose ability to perceive sound falls outside the normal range. People who fail the screening test need an in-depth evaluation by an audiologist.
  • Hepatitis Testing (6)
    LF-4900.2200

    Hepatitis Testing

    LF-4900.2200

    Programs that administer tests which identify individuals who have been exposed to hepatitis A, B or C by detecting the presence of associated antigens, antibodies or genetic material (DNA). Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a variety of agents including viral infection (hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and delta agents), bacterial invasion and physical and chemical agents. Hepatitis A and delta agent hepatitis are spread primarily from person to person via the fecal-oral route, but may occur by contact with water or food contaminated by the virus. Hepatitis B and C are spread by blood and serum-derived fluids and by direct contact with body fluids. Depending on the type of hepatitis involved, screening may be particularly recommended for persons who have traveled or worked in countries with high rates of infection, sexually active homosexual men, injecting and non-injecting illegal drug users, persons who work with infected primates in a laboratory setting, persons with chronic liver disease, persons with clotting disorders, blood bank and dialysis workers, dental hygienists, and other members of health care teams who come into contact with blood, body fluids or body tissue.
  • HIV Testing (57)
    LF-4900.2400

    HIV Testing

    LF-4900.2400

    Programs that offer HIV tests which are used to identify individuals who have been infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and are at risk for developing AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) or which are used to measure progression of the disease in people known to be infected. The most common HIV screening test is the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) which most frequently uses peripheral blood drawn from the arm or a finger as a sample, but can also be conducted using serum, oral fluids or urine. Repeatedly reactive EIA tests are confirmed using the Western blot or the immunofluorescence assay (IFA). The most common test that is used to measure disease progression is the PCR (polymeraise chain reaction) or viral load test. Many programs that provide HIV testing also provide pre-testing and post-test counseling which includes information about AIDS/HIV, reducing risks for HIV transmission, emotional support to help the individual deal with the testing process and test results, and information about and referral to other AIDS-related services.
  • Holistic Health Care (3)
    LT-0500.3100

    Holistic Health Care

    LT-0500.3100

    Programs that have the health care perspective that focuses on the integration of the mental, physical, emotional and spiritual aspects of a person, emphasizing the importance of perceiving the individual, regardless of symptoms, as a being who requires balance and harmony in all of these aspects, both internally and in relationship to the environment.
  • Home Health Aide Services (6)
    LT-2800.3000

    Home Health Aide Services

    LT-2800.3000

    Programs that offer the services of paraprofessional aides who provide personal health care services which do not require special technical training, in the homes of recently discharged hospital patients, elderly individuals and people with disabilities. Services are provided in accordance with a written home health care plan and may include feeding, bathing and grooming patients; changing their beds; taking their temperature, pulse or respiration; helping them to the toilet or to use a bedpan; and other types of assistance that enhance their physical and emotional comfort. The home health aide may also perform other activities as taught by a health professional for a specific patient including changing a colostomy bag; assisting with the use of devices for aid to daily living; assisting with prescribed range of motion exercises; assisting with prescribed ice cap or collar; doing simple urine tests for sugar, acetone or albumin; measuring and preparing special diets; measuring fluid intake and output; and supervising the self-administration of medications (reminding the individual to take the medication, opening bottle caps, reading the medication label to the individual, observing the individual taking medications, checking the self-administered dosage against the label of the container and reassuring the individual that they have obtained and are taking the correct dosage).
  • Home Health Care (2)
    LT-2800

    Home Health Care

    LT-2800

    Programs that make necessary medical services available in the homes of people who are aged, ill or convalescing.
  • Home Nursing (10)
    LT-2800.3100

    Home Nursing

    LT-2800.3100

    Programs that offer skilled nursing care under the guidance and supervision of a physician in the homes of recently discharged hospital patients and other people who need continuous nursing care but are not in an acute phase of their illness.
  • Hospice Facilities (3)
    LT-3000.3000

    Hospice Facilities

    LT-3000.3000

    Programs that provide a full range of supportive services in an inpatient or residential setting for terminally ill people who are in the final stages of their illnesses and for their families. Services may include medical care, pain and symptom management, home nurse visitation, case management, emotional and spiritual support, and bereavement services for the patient and members of the family.
  • Hospital Based Outpatient Services (17)
    LN-3000

    Hospital Based Outpatient Services

    LN-3000

    Departments within hospitals or freestanding clinics operated by hospitals or hospital systems that provide basic and/or specialized diagnostic and treatment services for the community on a walk-in, walk-out basis.
  • Hospital Based Patient Advocate Offices (1)
    LH-6300.4150

    Hospital Based Patient Advocate Offices

    LH-6300.4150

    Offices in hospitals and other health care institutions (including HMOs) whose staff handle complaints from patients regarding the inpatient, outpatient or home health care they are receiving. These offices work within the system to help patients achieve satisfaction as an alternative to filing a complaint with licensing authorities or consumer action agencies, requesting the services of outside advocates or seeking legal advice from attorneys who specialize in the health care field.
  • Hydrotherapy (3)
    LR-6600.3000

    Hydrotherapy

    LR-6600.3000

    Programs that utilize the therapeutic properties of water to treat people who have illnesses or injuries. Patients are immersed in baths of varying temperatures (cold, warm, hot, cold then hot and so forth) to produce the desired effects which may include relief of fatigue, general relaxation, stimulation, and a lessening of pain.
  • Immunizations (62)
    LT-3400

    Immunizations

    LT-3400

    Programs that provide inoculations or other prophylactic measures to prevent susceptible individuals from contracting specific diseases for which means of control have been developed.
  • In Home Hospice Care (4)
    LT-3000.3300

    In Home Hospice Care

    LT-3000.3300

    Programs that provide a full range of supportive services in their own homes for terminally ill people who are in the final stages of their illnesses and for their families. Services may include medical care, pain and symptom management, home nurse visitation, case management, emotional and spiritual support, and bereavement services for the patient and members of the family.
  • Inpatient Rehabilitation (4)
    LR-4000

    Inpatient Rehabilitation

    LR-4000

    Programs that provide intensive rehabilitative services on a 24-hour basis for patients who are severely disabled as a result of injury or disease. Services include a thorough evaluation of the person's abilities and disabilities and the development and implementation of a rehabilitation plan which may incorporate physical, occupational, speech and/or other types of therapies; education about modifications in lifestyle which may be necessary including information about diet, exercise and stress reduction; guidance in using adaptive devices which maximize the person's functional abilities; and counseling for the person and/or significant others to facilitate a positive adjustment to the person's current condition. Inpatient rehabilitation services may be provided by general acute care hospitals or skilled nursing facilities.
  • Lead Poisoning Screening (1)
    LF-4900.4500

    Lead Poisoning Screening

    LF-4900.4500

    Programs that take blood samples from young children to identify individuals who have ingested paint or other materials containing lead and have absorbed an undue amount of the substance. Results may lead to continued surveillance, testing, referrals for medical evaluation, and/or housing inspection to identify lead hazards and prevent further occurrences of lead poisoning. Included are screenings conducted during home visits and clinic-based screening.
  • Mammograms (71)
    LF-4900.1500-500

    Mammograms

    LF-4900.1500-500

    Programs that offer the screening procedure for the early detection of breast cancer which involves an X-ray picture of the breast area which can be studied for abnormalities.
  • Massage Therapy (3)
    LT-0500.5200

    Massage Therapy

    LT-0500.5200

    Programs that utilize any of a wide variety of techniques involving the application of methodical pressure, kneading and friction to manipulate the muscles and surrounding structures of the body to stretch and loosen muscles, increase blood and lymphatic circulation, improve mobility, reduce stiffness and pain, and facilitate general relaxation. Included are manual massage by trained professionals and the utilization of a variety of equipment including hydroneumatic devices and electric vibrators.
  • Medicaid (3)
    NL-5000.5000

    Medicaid

    NL-5000.5000

    A combined federal and state program administered by the state that provides medical benefits for individuals and families with limited incomes who fit into an eligibility group that is recognized by federal and state law. Each state sets its own guidelines regarding eligibility and services within parameters established at the federal level. Many people are covered by Medicaid, though within these groups, certain additional requirements must be met. Eligibility factors include people's age, whether they are pregnant, have a disability, are blind, or aged; their income and resources (like bank accounts, real property or other items that can be sold for cash); and whether they are U.S. citizens or lawfully admitted immigrants. Families who are receiving benefits through TANF and individuals who receive SSI as aged, blind and disabled are categorically eligible groups. The rules for counting a person's income and resources vary from state to state and from group to group. There are special rules for those who live in nursing homes, for people served under the Medicaid Waiver program, for people served by Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) programs and for children with disabilities living at home. Medicaid makes payments directly to a person's health care provider; and some recipients may be asked to pay a small part of the cost (co-payment) for some medical services. Most states have additional "state-only" programs to provide medical assistance for specified low-income persons who do not qualify for the Medicaid program.
  • Medicaid Fraud Reporting (2)
    FN-1700.9500-500

    Medicaid Fraud Reporting

    FN-1700.9500-500

    Programs that provide a hotline or other mechanisms that Medicaid recipients and the public at large can use to report recipients or health care providers that make false statements or representations which result in an unauthorized payment by the Medicaid program to themselves or another. Examples of fraud include incorrect reporting of diagnoses or procedures to maximize payments; billing for services, medical supplies or equipment not furnished; misrepresentation of the dates and descriptions of services furnished, the identity of the recipient or the individual furnishing services; and billing for noncovered or nonchargeable services as covered items.
  • Medicaid Planning (2)
    LH-4000.5000

    Medicaid Planning

    LH-4000.5000

    Programs that provide information for people who need to understand the options that are legally available to help them protect the assets of a spouse or child with a disability when a family member has a catastrophic illness and needs to have access to Medicaid to meet the expenses. Planning techniques may include spending down assets (e.g. purchasing an automobile or paying off the mortgage on a home), paying family members to provide care for the individual, separating a couple's assets to ensure that the healthy spouse does not become impoverished, transferring assets within legal timeframes, establishing joint tenancy accounts, purchasing annuities and other similar actions.
  • Medical Appointments Transportation (40)
    BT-4500.6500-500

    Medical Appointments Transportation

    BT-4500.6500-500

    Programs that provide nonemergency transportation for individuals who require routine medical services and who, because of financial problems or their physical condition, are unable to use other available means of local transportation.
  • Medical Care Expense Assistance (6)
    LH-5100.5000

    Medical Care Expense Assistance

    LH-5100.5000

    Programs that pay the hospital bills, doctor bills, laboratory expenses or other health care expenses of people who are unable to obtain necessary health care without assistance. Also included are programs that provide vouchers which enable eligible individuals to obtain medical care. Medical bill payment assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.
  • Medical Equipment/Supplies (5)
    LH-5000

    Medical Equipment/Supplies

    LH-5000

    Programs that pay for or provide necessary in-home hospital equipment, monitoring devices, respiratory aids, prevention kits and other medical supplies that are required by people who want to prevent the transmission of an infectious disease, are coping with the effects of a chronic health condition or disability or are convalescing following surgery or illness. Included are programs that provide medical equipment on a loan basis as well as those that provide equipment that people can keep.
  • Medical Expense Assistance (7)
    LH-5100

    Medical Expense Assistance

    LH-5100

    Programs that pay the health care expenses of people who are unable to obtain necessary care without assistance. Medical expense assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.
  • Medical Information Lines (6)
    TJ-3200.5000

    Medical Information Lines

    TJ-3200.5000

    Programs that provide telephone information about specific health and health-related topics including specific diseases and conditions, birth control, alcohol and drug abuse, mental health, safety and other similar topics. Included are programs that have tapes on specific topics that people can select and access through a central number which are then played over the telephone, those that are staffed by live operators who have medical expertise and who answer questions directly, and those that provide medical information via an Internet website.
  • Medical Social Work (5)
    LH-6300.5500

    Medical Social Work

    LH-6300.5500

    Programs that provide support services for patients and their families during hospitalization and upon discharge, for people receiving outpatient services, for previous patients and for other people not previously associated with the facility who need the service. Included are consultation and the coordination of available services for the patient's continuing care at home or in a short or long-term care facility; or whatever other support may be needed to help resolve the logistical, social and psychological problems related to the illness.
  • Medicare (4)
    NS-8000.5000

    Medicare

    NS-8000.5000

    A federally funded health insurance program administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), previously known as the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), for people age 65 and older; for individuals with disabilities younger than age 65 who have received Social Security Disability benefits for at least 24 consecutive months; and for insured workers and their dependents who have end stage renal disease and need dialysis or a kidney transplant. Premiums, deductibles, and co-payments or out-of-pocket costs are required for Medicare coverage. Special programs that assist with paying some or all of these costs are available for low income persons who qualify. Medicare has four parts: Hospital Insurance (Part A), which helps pay for care in a hospital or skilled nursing facility, home health care and hospice care; Supplemental Medical Insurance (Part B), which helps pay for doctors, outpatient hospital care and other medical services including the Medicare Preventive benefits (effective January 1, 2005); Medicare Advantage (Part C, formerly known as Medicare+Choice), which offers a variety of Medicare managed care options, including coordinated care plans and private, unrestricted fee-for-service plans, that are required to provide, at minimum, the same benefits as Part A and B, excluding hospice services; and the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit (Part D, effective January 1, 2006), a program managed by private plans that assists in covering the cost of prescription drugs for beneficiaries. People who have Medicare Part A and/or Part B need to join a Medicare prescription drug program to obtain insurance coverage for prescription drugs.
  • Medicare Information/Counseling (27)
    LH-3500.5000

    Medicare Information/Counseling

    LH-3500.5000

    Programs that offer information and guidance for older adults and people with disabilities regarding their health insurance options with the objective of empowering them to make informed choices. Included is information about the eligibility requirements for Medicare; selection and enrollment in a Medicare prescription drug plan; benefits covered (and not covered) by the program; the payment process; the rights of beneficiaries; the process for determinations, coverage denials and appeals; consumer safeguards; and options for filling the gap in Medicare coverage. These programs also provide counseling and assistance about the subsidies that are available to low income beneficiaries enrolled in the Part D Prescription Drug Benefit; and may also provide information about Medicaid and the linkages between the two programs, referrals to appropriate state and local agencies involved in the Medicaid program, information about other Medicare-related entities (such as peer review organizations, Medicare-approved prescription drug plans, fiscal intermediaries and carriers), and assistance in completing Medicare insurance forms.
  • Mercy Transportation (2)
    LH-6300.5600

    Mercy Transportation

    LH-6300.5600

    Programs, usually staffed by volunteer private pilots, that provide flight services for medical missions which may include transporting human organs and tissue for transplants; plasma or whole blood; anatomical specimens for medical research; medical personnel, equipment and supplies; and, in instances of medical and financial need, individual patients who require services from health care facilities that they would be unable to access without assistance. Also included are programs that provide compassionate, non-emergency long-distance ground transportation for patients in need, usually by bus.
  • Mobile Dental Care (3)
    LV-1600.5000

    Mobile Dental Care

    LV-1600.5000

    Large motor vehicles that are especially equipped to offer any of a variety of dental services including dental hygiene, preventive care and limited treatment services for people who do not have immediate access to a dentist or dental clinic.
  • Mobile Health Care (5)
    LN-5000

    Mobile Health Care

    LN-5000

    Programs that use specially equipped mobile vehicles to deliver basic health care services to vulnerable and/or remote populations that are unable to access a community health care facility. The mobile clinics make scheduled stops in different neighborhoods and offer a wide variety of services which may include general physical examinations, pediatric services, health screening, vision screening, flu shots, childhood immunizations, laboratory services, WIC certification, STD screening and treatment, family planning services, pregnancy testing and treatment for minor illnesses. Included are street medicine programs that use outreach workers to seek out and provide primary health care services for unsheltered homeless people living on the streets, under bridges, in abandoned buildings or wherever else they stay.
  • Needle Exchange/Distribution Programs (1)
    LH-5000.6100

    Needle Exchange/Distribution Programs

    LH-5000.6100

    Programs that help prevent the transmission of HIV/AIDS and other blood borne infectious diseases by providing new, sterile syringes and other sterile injection supplies to needle users in exchange for used ones; or which sell new hypodermic needles and syringes to high risk individuals who have a prescription or, in jurisdictions where it is permitted, without a prescription.
  • Neurological Intensive Care (5)
    LD-3300.6200

    Neurological Intensive Care

    LD-3300.6200

    Programs that make lifesaving techniques and equipment available to patients suffering from head trauma, neurovascular disorders, spinal cord injuries, brain tumors or other problems affecting the neurological system and who require continuous observation and, in many cases, intensive therapeutic intervention by trained medical staff. Neurological intensive care is provided in special units or distinct parts of health care facilities designed for this purpose.
  • Neurology (1)
    LV-5500

    Neurology

    LV-5500

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive medical management including preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for individuals who have diseases or injuries that affect the central, peripheral or autonomic nervous systems including the brain, cranial nerves, spinal cord, spinal nerves and other related structures.
  • Nursing Registries (1)
    LH-2600.6050

    Nursing Registries

    LH-2600.6050

    Programs that maintain lists of nursing personnel including registered nurses, licensed vocational nurses/licensed practical nurses and certified nursing assistants, and link people who are in need of nursing care or facilities seeking personnel with one or more individuals who have the desired combination of qualifications and experience.
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology (36)
    LV-6000

    Obstetrics/Gynecology

    LV-6000

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services that focus on women's reproductive health and care for women during pregnancy, childbirth and the period immediately following childbirth as well as the health of the fetus.
  • Occupational Therapy (20)
    LR-6200

    Occupational Therapy

    LR-6200

    Programs that evaluate the task performance skills of individuals who may be having difficulty engaging in self-care, work, play or leisure time activities and help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations). Occupational therapy services typically include an individualized evaluation, during which the individual/family and occupational therapist agree on the person's goals; customized intervention to improve the person's ability to perform daily activities and reach their goals; and an outcomes evaluation to ensure that the goals are being met. Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and social situations, helping people recovering from injury to regain skills, and providing supports for older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes.
  • Optometry (1)
    LV-2400.6350

    Optometry

    LV-2400.6350

    Programs that are staffed by health care professionals who are licensed to provide primary eye care services including comprehensive eye health and vision examinations; diagnosis and treatment of disease and vision disorders; and prescriptions for glasses, contact lenses, low vision rehabilitation, vision therapy and medications. Optometrists check patient vision using eye charts; measure patient nearsightedness, farsightedness, depth perception and other vision problems using optical instruments; prescribe and fit corrective lenses or other corrective treatments to conserve, improve and correct vision; prescribe training exercises to strengthen weak eye muscles; and counsel patients on contact lens use and care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements, working distances and safety factors. They may also examine eyes for glaucoma and other diseases and refer patients to ophthalmologists or other physicians and surgeons when ocular or other diseases are found. Optometrists may specialize in fitting visual aids for people who are partially blind, fitting contact lenses or correcting special vision problems.
  • Organ/Tissue Transplant Education Programs (2)
    LH-2700.6400

    Organ/Tissue Transplant Education Programs

    LH-2700.6400

    Programs that provide information that improves the public's understanding of organ and tissue transplantation, its history, current legislation pertaining to donation, the behaviors and diseases that lead to organ failure and the need for a transplant, the types of organs/tissue that can be donated, the organ donation process, the impact of organ and tissue donation on the lives of those who receive these gifts and the consequences of organ and tissue shortages. The purpose of most organ/tissue transplant education programs is to increase the number of people who actually become donors, answer frequently asked questions and provide basic information about how to obtain a donor card and become a part of the program. Some education programs may focus on particular target populations such as minorities.
  • Outpatient Surgery (1)
    LT-6400

    Outpatient Surgery

    LT-6400

    Programs that offer minor, non-life-threatening operations either in the office of the physician or in a hospital on a basis that permits the patient to come into the hospital in the morning, have the surgery and return home the same day.
  • Pain Management (1)
    LT-6600

    Pain Management

    LT-6600

    Multidisciplinary programs that specialize in the treatment of individuals who have chronic, severe pain of organic origin that has not responded to medical or surgical therapy. Treatment is individualized and may include occupational therapy, muscle relaxation, behavior modification, stress management, biofeedback, psychological and psychosocial counseling, nutrition counseling, food allergy testing, exercise programs and a variety of physical intervention techniques including electrical stimulation of selected peripheral nerves and laser biostimulation.
  • Palliative Care (14)
    LT-6650

    Palliative Care

    LT-6650

    Programs that provide for the comprehensive management of the physical, psychological, social, spiritual and existential needs of patients with the objective of helping them achieve the best possible quality of life through relief of suffering, control of symptoms and restoration of functional capacity while remaining sensitive to personal, cultural and religious values, beliefs and practices. The focus of palliative care is on people with incurable, progressive illnesses who are in the early stages of their illness. Palliative care may be provided in a wide variety of health care settings including hospitals, nursing facilities, hospice facilities and the person's own home; and may be coordinated with other services including curative therapies.
  • Pap Tests (103)
    LF-4900.1500-650

    Pap Tests

    LF-4900.1500-650

    Programs that conduct microscopic studies of tissue samples from the cervix or vagina as a means of early cancer detection in women.
  • Paramedic/EMT Services (6)
    LD-6500

    Paramedic/EMT Services

    LD-6500

    Programs that utilize trained medical technicians who assist in rescue operations and provide preliminary emergency medical treatment for individuals who are acutely ill or injured on the scene and/or during transit to a health care facility. There are four levels of EMTs, the highest being paramedics who are permitted to administer drugs orally and intravenously, interpret electrocardiograms (EKGs), perform endotracheal intubations and use monitors and other complex equipment. In most communities, paramedic/EMT services are structured as separate entities on a par with police and fire departments, are organized as a branch of another municipal department, such as the public health department, or are integrated into the operations of another municipal emergency service such as the local fire department or police department. Under the latter model, personnel may be cross-trained to perform both functions. Paramedics/EMTs are dispatched when residents contact 911 with a medical emergency and are not accessed directly.
  • Patient Rights Assistance (9)
    FT-6200

    Patient Rights Assistance

    FT-6200

    Programs that provide information, education, advocacy and/or other forms of legal assistance which relate to the rights of people who are patients in a health or mental health care facility, who are residents of convalescent or other long or short-term care facilities including adult residential care homes, or who are incapacitated and are being cared for at home by family members. Services may also be available to significant others of these individuals.
  • Patient/Family Housing (3)
    LH-6300.3650-600

    Patient/Family Housing

    LH-6300.3650-600

    Programs that provide temporary living quarters for people who are ill and for their families while the individual who is ill receives treatment or care. Included are programs that make it possible for family members to stay in local hotels, motels or other settings at no cost or a reduced cost, hotels and motels that provide discounts for people who are visiting an ill family member and programs that maintain special facilities for this purpose.
  • Patient/Family Support Services (1)
    LH-6300

    Patient/Family Support Services

    LH-6300

    Programs that provide support services for patients and their families. Included are offices in hospitals or medical clinics that provide advocacy, social work services, or assistance related to admissions or billing; temporary housing for patients/families; mercy flights; morale boosting activities; and other services that support the ability of patients and their families to cope with illness.
  • Pediatric Dentistry (48)
    LV-1600.6400

    Pediatric Dentistry

    LV-1600.6400

    Programs that specialize in providing oral health care for infants, children and adolescents.
  • Pediatric Endocrinology (4)
    LV-6800.6600

    Pediatric Endocrinology

    LV-6800.6600

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive care for individuals from infancy through young adulthood with diseases which result from abnormalities in the endocrine or hormone-producing glands. These diseases include but are not limited to diabetes mellitus, growth failure, unusual size for age, early or late pubertal development, birth defects and disorders of the thyroid, adrenal and pituitary glands.
  • Pediatric Evaluation (1)
    LF-7000

    Pediatric Evaluation

    LF-7000

    Programs that specialize in providing health screening and diagnostic services for children from birth to young adulthood.
  • Pediatric Immunology (25)
    LV-6800.6750

    Pediatric Immunology

    LV-6800.6750

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive care for individuals from infancy through young adulthood with diseases or conditions which are caused by malfunctioning immune systems.
  • Pediatric Intensive Care (5)
    LD-3300.6500

    Pediatric Intensive Care

    LD-3300.6500

    Programs that make lifesaving techniques and equipment available to critically ill children with complex and very acute needs who require continuous observation and, in many cases, intensive therapeutic intervention by trained medical staff. Pediatric intensive care is provided in special units or distinct parts of health care facilities designed for this purpose.
  • Pediatric Neurology (4)
    LV-6800.6860

    Pediatric Neurology

    LV-6800.6860

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive medical management including preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for infants, children and adolescents with diseases or injuries that affect the central, peripheral or autonomic nervous systems.
  • Pediatric Occupational Therapy (29)
    LR-6200.6500

    Pediatric Occupational Therapy

    LR-6200.6500

    Programs that evaluate the skills of children who are having difficulty with the practical and social skills necessary for everyday life and provide therapy whose objective is to help them become as physically, psychologically and socially independent as possible. Occupational therapy is provided for children when there is a disruption in one or more of the following areas: gross motor skills, fine motor skills, cognitive-perceptual skills, sensory motor integration, visual motor skills, motor planning skills, play skills, socio-emotional skills and/or activities of daily living (self-care skills such as dressing, eating and personal hygiene). Included are programs for children with birth injuries, learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism and a wide range of other conditions.
  • Pediatric Orthopedics (7)
    LV-6800.6880

    Pediatric Orthopedics

    LV-6800.6880

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who have special expertise in treating individuals from infancy through young adulthood with musculoskeletal problems that affect the extremities, spine and associated structures.
  • Pediatrics (54)
    LV-6800

    Pediatrics

    LV-6800

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who are concerned with the physical, emotional and social health of infants, children and adolescents from birth to young adulthood. Pediatricians have advanced training in the biological, social and environmental factors that have an influence on a developing child and have expertise in diagnosing and treating the acute and chronic diseases that are common to individuals in this age range.
  • Pharmacies (2)
    LH-6600

    Pharmacies

    LH-6600

    Organizations that are involved in the business of preparing, storing, compounding and dispensing drugs in accordance with prescriptions prepared by licensed physicians. Pharmacies also counsel patients on proper use of their medication and verify that new treatments are compatible with other medicines they may be taking.
  • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (5)
    LV-6900

    Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

    LV-6900

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive diagnostic, treatment and management services for people who have a physical disability, either individually or as the leader of an interdisciplinary team. Physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists (also known as physiatrists) focus on restoring function using physical means rather than surgery. They prescribe medication, order assistive devices such as a brace or an artificial limb, recommend therapy (e.g., heat and cold, electrotherapies, trigger point injections, massage, biofeedback and traction) and set up exercise programs. Problems most commonly treated by physiatrists include acute and chronic pain, sports injuries (joint injuries, sprains and strains), injuries to the spine or spinal cord, neck injuries, tendonitis, pinched nerves, peripheral nerve injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome, traumatic brain injury, paraplegia, quadriplegia, arthritis and neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, polio and ALS. Physiatrists practice in rehabilitation centers, hospitals and private offices; and may have a broad practice or specialize in a particular area such as pediatrics, sports medicine, geriatric medicine or brain injury.
  • Physical Therapy (21)
    LR-6600

    Physical Therapy

    LR-6600

    Programs that evaluate joint motion, muscle strength and endurance, heart and lung function and the ability of people to perform activities of daily living; and utilize the therapeutic properties of exercise, heat, cold, electricity, ultraviolet, water, manipulation and massage to improve circulation, strengthen muscles, reduce pain and restore mobility to people who have been disabled by a stroke, arthritis, back or spinal cord injuries or other debilitating conditions. Physical therapists practice in a variety of settings including hospitals, private offices, outpatient clinics, rehabilitation centers, developmental centers, home health agencies, schools and pediatric centers.
  • Physician Referrals (6)
    LH-2600.6500

    Physician Referrals

    LH-2600.6500

    Programs that link people who are in need of primary or specialized medical care with qualified medical practitioners.
  • Physician/Surgeon Associations (1)
    TN-5000.6500

    Physician/Surgeon Associations

    TN-5000.6500

    Organizations whose members are physicians who have affiliated for the purpose of promoting mutual interests, participating in professional seminars and conferences, networking with their peers, subscribing to medical journals and other publications, and taking advantage of other opportunities for continuing professional development. Many physician associations set standards regarding the qualifications and performance of members, accept and investigate complaints from the public regarding the practices of members and maintain referral services through which residents who require the assistance of a medical doctor are referred to members.
  • Physician/Surgeon Complaints (1)
    DD-1500.7230-660

    Physician/Surgeon Complaints

    DD-1500.7230-660

    Programs that accept and, where possible, attempt to resolve complaints regarding the licensing, incompetence, negligence, violations of laws relating to the use and prescription of dangerous drugs and narcotics, quality of service, excessive fees, unprofessional conduct or other inappropriate business practices of physicians and surgeons.
  • Pneumococcal Pneumonia Immunizations (66)
    LT-3400.0100-650

    Pneumococcal Pneumonia Immunizations

    LT-3400.0100-650

    Programs that provide inoculations which protect susceptible people from contracting pneumococcal pneumonia. Vaccination is recommended for adults age 65 and older; persons with cardiovascular or pulmonary disorders including congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, chronic liver disease, alcoholism, CSF leaks, cardiomyopathy, COPD or emphysema; persons with splenic dysfunction or asplenia, hematologic malignancy, multiple myeloma, renal failure, organ transplantation or immunosuppressive conditions including HIV infections; and Alaskan Natives and certain Native American populations.
  • Post Disaster Emergency Medical Care (1)
    TH-2300.6350

    Post Disaster Emergency Medical Care

    TH-2300.6350

    Programs that provide immediate, short-term assistance for individuals who have been injured during a major disaster or large-scale emergency that disrupts the normal functioning of a community. Services may be provided at temporary facilities that have been established in or near the affected area or at sites where injured individuals have assembled and include on-site triage, rapid emergency care of life threatening conditions, sequential triage and timely evacuation of patients, when necessary.
  • Prenatal Evaluation (17)
    LF-7300

    Prenatal Evaluation

    LF-7300

    Programs that utilize any of a variety of techniques to detect fetal abnormalities prior to the birth of the child. Results of the tests can be used to manage the remaining weeks of pregnancy, plan for possible complications in the birth process, plan for care of the newborn infant, decide whether to continue the pregnancy and/or determine whether fetal treatment is required.
  • Psychiatric Hospitals (1)
    RM-3300.6500

    Psychiatric Hospitals

    RM-3300.6500

    Institutions whose primary function is to provide diagnostic and long or short-term treatment services for children, adolescents, adults and/or older adults who have acute psychiatric disorders, require hospitalization for maximum benefit, and who may be a threat to themselves, to their families or to others if left in the community or placed in a less restrictive treatment setting. Services may include a comprehensive evaluation; 24-hour care in a supportive, therapeutic environment; counseling for the patient and family; adjunctive therapies, as needed; medication, if required; and an aftercare program following discharge. Psychiatric hospitals may also offer a range of outpatient mental health services.
  • Public Clinics (19)
    LN-6700

    Public Clinics

    LN-6700

    County or city-operated outpatient health care facilities that provide a broad range of diagnostic and treatment services including primary adult and pediatric care, prenatal care, dental care and specialty medicine as well as laboratory and radiological services and allied support services like nutrition and health education. Some public clinics may also offer public health services such as immunizations and communicable disease screening and treatment. Services are available on an ability-to-pay basis and target low-income and indigent residents of the community.
  • Public Health (1)
    JP

    Public Health

    JP

    Programs that protect and improve the health of the population through comprehensive efforts at the community level to prevent, control and eradicate disease and disabilities; eliminate environmental health hazards; promote sanitary living conditions; and recognize, prevent and control conditions in the workplace that constitute health hazards or place workers at risk for accidents.
  • Public Health Nursing (19)
    JP-6600

    Public Health Nursing

    JP-6600

    Programs that protect and improve the health of the community through the use of public health nurses whose services are available through departments of public health, schools and voluntary agencies, typically in connection with medical programs supervised by physicians. Activities may include home visits to provide nursing under medical supervision for acutely ill patients and people who are chronically ill; outreach to populations who may not seek out health care through a traditional medical facility; support for physicians in public health clinics and disease detection programs; first aid and screening programs for school children; nutrition counseling; family planning information and a wide range of health education and prevention programs for the community at large which deal with personal health practices that can help to prevent illness.
  • Referral to Physicians Accepting Medicaid (4)
    LH-2600.6500-700

    Referral to Physicians Accepting Medicaid

    LH-2600.6500-700

    Programs that link people who are in need of primary or specialized medical care with qualified medical practitioners who have agreed to accept patients who are covered by Medicaid.
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease Control (2)
    JP-1500.1700-750

    Sexually Transmitted Disease Control

    JP-1500.1700-750

    Programs that control the occurrence of gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes and other diseases that are transmitted by sexual contact by monitoring the incidence of the disease in the general population, investigating individual outbreaks, and identifying and screening recent contacts of people who are infected to stop the spread of the disease.
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening (126)
    LF-4900.8000

    Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening

    LF-4900.8000

    Programs that identify individuals who have contracted gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes or other diseases that are spread by sexual contact and diagnose their conditions. The procedure includes visual examinations, blood tests and analyses of discharge or samples taken from lesions.
  • Skilled Nursing Facilities (8)
    LL-6000.8000

    Skilled Nursing Facilities

    LL-6000.8000

    Health care facilities or distinct parts of hospitals that provide intensive nursing services as well as supportive services for people who require continuous inpatient care but who are not in an acute phase of an illness.
  • Sleep Disorders Clinics (1)
    LT-1750.8100

    Sleep Disorders Clinics

    LT-1750.8100

    Programs that provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for individuals who have any of a variety of conditions in which they have difficulty falling or staying asleep, abnormal behaviors during sleep or difficulty staying awake.
  • Sterilization (25)
    LJ-2000.1000-800

    Sterilization

    LJ-2000.1000-800

    Programs that perform vasectomies for men or tubal ligations for women who want a permanent means of preventing pregnancy.
  • Stroke Rehabilitation (2)
    LR-1570.8500

    Stroke Rehabilitation

    LR-1570.8500

    Multidisciplinary programs that combine the resources of physical, occupational and speech therapists to help individuals who have been disabled by a stroke recover their mobility and ability to communicate or develop alternative approaches or skills. Therapy focuses on helping patients to recover physical strength and control; improve their balance; relearn or replace basic motor skills that are needed for dressing, shaving, housekeeping and other activities of daily living; and overcome expressive and receptive language problems or develop alternatives.
  • Td/Tdap Immunizations (72)
    LT-3400.0100-850

    Td/Tdap Immunizations

    LT-3400.0100-850

    Programs that provide inoculations for adolescents and adults which protect them from contracting tetanus, diphtheria and/or pertussis (whooping cough) depending on which vaccines (Td or Tdap) are administered. Td is a tetanus-diphtheria vaccine given to adolescents and adults as a booster shot every 10 years, or after an exposure to tetanus under some circumstances. Tdap is similar to Td but also contains protection against pertussis; and can be given regardless of when Td was last received. Adolescents age 11-18 (preferably at the age of 11-12) and adults age 19 through 64 should receive a single dose of Tdap. Adults age 65 and older who have close contact with an infant and have not previously received Tdap, should also receive a single dose. Tdap should also be given to 7-10 year olds who are not fully immunized against pertussis. Inoculations are recommended for people in flooded areas who may be at risk of tetanus infections from dirty cuts, scrapes or puncture wounds.
  • Telemedicine (1)
    LV-8500

    Telemedicine

    LV-8500

    Programs that utilize telecommunications technology to transfer medical information such as CT scans, MRIs, ultrasound studies, radiographic images, pathology images and the results of other procedures to medical personnel at distant locations for review and analysis. Telemedicine provides a mechanism for remote consultations and teaching as well as remote caregiving, and helps to improve access to medical care.
  • Trauma Care (5)
    LD-8450

    Trauma Care

    LD-8450

    Hospitals that have trained trauma surgeons and anesthesiologists who are available on an on-call basis 24 hours per day to treat critically injured victims of traffic accidents, fires, gunshot wounds or other injuries during the crucial "golden hour" when their surgical needs are highest.
  • Trauma Centers (12)
    LD-8500

    Trauma Centers

    LD-8500

    Hospitals that are strategically located and equipped with licensed helicopter pads and staffed by specially trained trauma surgeons and anesthesiologists who are available in-house 24 hours per day to treat critically injured victims of traffic accidents, fires, gunshot wounds or other injuries during the crucial "golden hour" when their surgical needs are highest.
  • Tuberculosis Clinics (8)
    LT-1750.9000

    Tuberculosis Clinics

    LT-1750.9000

    Programs that provide comprehensive treatment services for people who have tuberculosis.
  • Tuberculosis Control (8)
    JP-1500.1700-800

    Tuberculosis Control

    JP-1500.1700-800

    Programs that control the occurrence of tuberculosis by monitoring the incidence of the disease in the general population, investigating individual outbreaks and identifying and screening recent contacts of people who are infected to stop the spread of the disease.
  • Tuberculosis Screening (53)
    LF-4900.8600

    Tuberculosis Screening

    LF-4900.8600

    Programs that identify individuals who have contracted tuberculosis by administering chest x-rays; the Mantoux test, the von Pirquet test or the Vollmer patch test, all of which determine the presence of a tuberculosis infection based on a local inflammatory reaction to a sample of the bacillus which has been injected or rubbed into the skin; or other screening tools.
  • Urgent Care Centers (23)
    LN-8500

    Urgent Care Centers

    LN-8500

    Programs, which may be available on a 24-hour basis, that provide walk-in treatment services for people who have minor illnesses or injuries. Urgent care centers serve as an alternative to hospital emergency departments for episodic care that can not be delayed until an appointment at a physician's office is available; and are often equipped to provide services not generally available in primary care physician offices, e.g., have x-ray facilities that allow for treatment of minor fractures and foreign bodies such as nail gun injuries and/or minor care trauma rooms that facilitate the repair of minor and moderate to severe lacerations that can be treated in an urgent care center.
  • Urine Tests (3)
    LF-5280.8900

    Urine Tests

    LF-5280.8900

    Programs that offer urinalyses, a screening procedure that is used to detect cellular material or substances in the urine that are associated with a variety of metabolic and kidney disorders, and can help to find abnormalities that require follow-up. In many cases, substances such as protein or glucose will begin to appear in the urine before patients are aware that they may have a problem. The test is also used as a diagnostic tool that can identify or confirm the specific nature of a problem when a patient presents certain symptoms (e.g., a urinary tract infection when the individual complains of abdominal pain, back pain, painful or frequent urination or blood in the urine). The test may also be performed to help diagnose specific disorders such as endocrine diseases, bladder cancer, osteoporosis and porphyrias (a group of disorders caused by chemical imbalance); and for patients with acute or chronic conditions such as kidney disease, a urinalysis may be ordered at intervals as a method to help monitor organ function, status and response to treatment.
  • Veteran Homes (1)
    BH-8400.9000

    Veteran Homes

    BH-8400.9000

    Programs that provide care on an ambulatory self-care basis for veterans who are limited by age or illness and are not in need of acute hospitalization or skilled nursing services in situations where care in a home setting is either not available or unsuitable.
  • Veteran Outpatient Clinics (2)
    LN-9000

    Veteran Outpatient Clinics

    LN-9000

    Outpatient medical facilities operated by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs that provide routine primary medical care for eligible veterans. Services generally include x-rays, general health check ups, blood pressure checks, treatment for basic illnesses and laboratory tests.
  • Voluntary Health Organizations (30)
    TD-1200.6600-900

    Voluntary Health Organizations

    TD-1200.6600-900

    Nonprofit, nongovernmental agencies that are organized on a national, state or local basis and supported primarily by voluntary contributions from the public at large, which are engaged in a program of service, education and research that relates to a particular disease, condition or disability or group of diseases, conditions or disabilities. The primary activity of voluntary health organizations is to raise funds for health related research.
  • Weight Management (28)
    LT-9500

    Weight Management

    LT-9500

    Programs that utilize one or a variety of techniques including nutrition education, exercise, special diets, protein sparing fasting, behavior modification, hypnosis, medication or surgery to help individuals who have a weight control problem gain or lose weight to achieve a more healthful body weight and develop a lifestyle that allows them to maintain that weight.
  • Well Baby Care (66)
    LF-7000.9500

    Well Baby Care

    LF-7000.9500

    Programs that provide health screening and immunization services for infants and toddlers to ensure their physical well-being and healthy development. Preschool aged children are also eligible in some areas.
  • Wellness Programs (3)
    LH-2700.9500

    Wellness Programs

    LH-2700.9500

    Programs that offer individual and/or group sessions which assist participants to understand how their lifestyle impacts their physical and mental health and to develop personal practices that enhance their total well-being. Wellness programs are holistic and combine a variety of components which may include a general physical examination that is tailored to the individual's needs; an evaluation of the person's pattern of exercise, eating habits, sources of stress and other lifestyle elements that are potential risk factors; and the development and implementation of an individualized plan for prevention management and early intervention to optimize health and performance which may include physical fitness sessions, nutrition counseling, stress reduction techniques, biofeedback, practice in assuming responsibility for one's choices, and other specific measures for avoiding physical and mental health problems.
  • Wound Clinics (2)
    LT-1750.9550

    Wound Clinics

    LT-1750.9550

    Programs that provide specialized treatment services for individuals who have chronic skin wounds such as pressure sores or ulcerations associated with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease that have resisted other forms of treatment.
 
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